Penerapan Video Pembelajaran dapat Meningkatkan Keterampilan Klinis dalam Pendidikan Keperawatan: A Literature Review

Indah Permata Sari, Sri Sundari

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Perkembangan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi dapat memberikan dampak positif dalam dunia pendidikan. Pendidikan keperawatan saat ini dituntut harus memiliki standar metode pembelajaran yang tepat supaya dapat diterima untuk peningkatan keterampilan klinis, pencapaian tujuan pembelajaran, merangsang minat belajar secara mandiri, dan membantu tenaga pengajar dalam mencapai efektifitas pembelajaran. Literature review ini bertujuan untuk melihat penerapan video pembelajaran dapat meningkatkan keterampilan klinis mahasiswa dalam pendidikan keperawatan. Metode yang digunakan dengan menganalisis beberapa tulisan artikel full text berbahasa inggris dengan rentang 2008-2018. Database yang digunakan adalah PubMed, Google Scholar, dan ScienceDirect, dengan kata kunci “learning video in nursing”, “teaching and learning for nursing”, “clinical skills in nursing”, dan “nurse education”. Artikel diseleksi menggunakan systematic review dengan PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) dan didapatkan sebanyak 25 artikel. Literature review menemukan 4 aspek penting penerapan video pembelajaran dapat meningkatkan keterampilan klinis mahasiswa diantaranya (1) meningkatkan efektifitas pembelajaran; (2) lebih efisien dibandingkan metode konvensional; (3) pola penerapan video yang tepat dapat menigkatkan keterampilan klinis mahasiswa; dan (4)  kualitas atau durasi video yang baik akan mempengaruhi pemahaman dan ketrampilan. Pembahasan literature review ini berkaitan dengan video pembelajaran lebih efektif dalam mempresentasikan materi ajar dan mentranformasi ilmu kepada mahasiswa. Selain itu, penerapan video pembelajaran juga berdampak positif dalam meningkatnya aktivitas dan motivasi belajar mahasiswa terutama dalam peningkatan keterampilan klinis dalam pendidikan keperawatan.


ABSTRACT

The development of information technology and communication can give a positive effect on education word. The learning for nursing today is required must have the right standard of learning method so it can be received for improving the student's clinical skill, the achievement of learning goals, stimulating interest in learning by self effectivity. The literature review has a purpose to see the learning video application, can improve the student's clinical skill in teaching for nursing. The method is used by analyzing some articles full text in English by range 2008-2018. The database is used namely PubMed, Google Scholar and ScienceDirect. By keynote "learning video in nursing, teaching and learning too nursing, clinical skill of nursing and nurse education. The articles which found is selected by using systematic review with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Item of Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) and has got 25 articles. Literature review which finds 4 important aspects in application learning video, can improve  the student's clinical skill, among of them  (1)  improve the learning effectivity, (2) more efficiency compared with conventional method, (3) the pattern of the right video application can improve the clinical skill of students and (4) the quality or duration of the good video. The discussion of literature review according to learning video more effective in presenting the teaching material and transform knowledge into the student. Beside of that the application learning video has positive effects in improving activity and studying motivation for the student especially in improving clinical skill in learning for nursing.


Keywords


keterampilan klinis; pendidikan keperawatan; video pembelajaran

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v5i1.15128

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