Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I 3 kali seminggu Meningkatkan Kebugaran Jasmani Lansia

Nita Fitria, Lynna Lydyana, Shelly Iskandar, Leonardo Lubis, Ambrosius Purba

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penurunan kebugaran jasmani berkontribusi terhadap angka kesakitan dan kematian lansia. Kebugaran jasmani seseorang  yang berusia > 60 tahun ditentukan oleh tingkat kebugaran jasmani melalui Senam jantung Sehat Seri-I, namun aktivitasnya memerlukan frekuensi yang tepat agar tidak menimbulkan cedera olahraga. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis frekuensi Senam jantung Sehat Seri-I yang dapat meningkatkan kebugaran jasmani pada lansia. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pre-experimental dengan pendekatan pre-test dan post-test design yang mengikutsertakan  27 lansia sehat dan  rutin melakukan senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I yang tinggal di Panti Whreda. Subjek penelitian terbagi  menjadi 3 kelompok berdasarkan frekuensi aktifitas senam per minggu yaitu 3,4, dan 5 kali seminggu selama 6 minggu. Peningkatan kebugaran jasmani ditentukan melalui  jarak tempuh yang dilalui lansia setelah  tes jalan 6 menit (six minutes test) pada minggu ke-1 dan ke-6. Perbedaan rata-rata jarak tempuh setelah dilakukan senam secara statistik dianalis  menggunakan  uji-t berpasanan dengan p-value <0,05 dinyatakan sebagai signifikan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan kelompok lansia yang melakukan Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I 3 kali seminggu memiliki rata-rata perbedaan jarak tempuh yang signifikan (mean difference = -106,0 ; p =0,009), sementara kelompok 4 dan 5 kali seminggu tidak menunjukkan hasil yang signifikan. Penelitian ini memberikan bukti bahwa Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I 3 kali seminggu  meningkatkan kebugaran jasmani. Peneliti menyarankan kepada Kepala Panti untuk memprogramkan  pelaksanaan Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I frekuensi 3 kali seminggu kepada lansia sehat yang tinggal di panti.

 

ABSTRACT 

Decreasing physical fitness contributes to the morbidity and mortality rates of the elderly. Physical fitness of a person aged> 60 years is determined by the level of physical fitness through a six minutes test.. Efforts to improve physical fitness levels are needed for sports, one of which is Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I, which takes into account the frequency of exercise. The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency of Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I that can improve cardiorespiratory fitness in the elderly. This study used a pre-experimental method with a pre-test and post-test design approach that included 27 healthy elderly people and routinely carried out Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I exercises at the Nursing Home. The research subjects were divided into 3 groups based on the frequency of gymnastics activity per week which was 3.4, and 5 times a week for 6 weeks. Improved physical fitness was determined through the distance traveled on the 6-minute test at weeks 1 and 6. The difference in statistically traveled distance was analyzed using Independent t-test with a p-value <0.05 expressed as significant. The elderly group who did Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I 3 times a week had a significant mean difference (-106.0; p = 0.009), while groups 4 and 5 times a week did not show significant results. In conclusion, this study provides evidence that Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I 3 times a week improves cardiorespiratory fitness.

Keywords


Kebugaran jasmani lansia; Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I 3 kali seminggu;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aaronson, Philip, I., Jeremy, & Ward, P. T. (2010). At Glance : Sistem Kardiovaskuler (Terjemahan). Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Abdul, A., & Cerika, R. (2011). Pengaruh Olahraga Terprogram Terhadap Tekanan Darah dan Daya Tahan Kardiorespirasi pada Atlet Pelatda Sleman Cabang Tenis Lapangan. Yogakarta: FIK UNY.

American College of Sports Medicine. (2015). ACSM's resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 7th edition. American College of Sports Medicine.

Banerjee, A., Jadhav, S. L., & Bhawwkar, J. S. (2012). Limitation of Activities in Patients with Musculoskeletal dissorders. Ann Med Health Sciences Research, 2(1), hlm. 5-9.

Calvin, H. H., Paula, D., Anne, B. N., Shirley, A. G., Charlotte, P., Michael, D. L., & Sharon, A. J. (2010). Physical Activity and Years of Healthy Life in Older Adults: Results From the Cardiovascular Health Study. J Aging Phys, 18(3), hlm. 313-334.

Chung, W., Baguet, A., Bex, T., Bishop, D. J., & Derave, W. (2014). International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(3), hlm. 315-324.

Colberg, S., Sigal, & Ronald. (2010). Exercise and Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes care, 33, hlm. 12.

Cornelissen, V. A., & Neil, A. (2013). Exercise Training for Blood Pressure : A systematic Review and Meta- analysis. Journal of The American Heart Association, 2(1). Retrieved fromhttps://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.112.004473

Darmojo, B. (2014). Buku Ajar Boedhi-Darmojo Geriatri (Ilmu Kesehatan Usia Lanjut), 5. Jakarta: Badan Penerbit FKUI.

Gorska-Ciebiada, M., Saryusz-Wolska, M., Borkowska, A., & Loba, J. (2015). Serum levels of inflammatory markers in depressed elderly patients with diabetes and mild cognitive impairment. PLoS One (Internet), 10(3), hlm. 1-17. Retrieved fromhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120433

Ginting, S. U. (2011). Teknik Senam Jantung Sehat Untuk Meningkatkan Daya Tahan Jantung pada Peserta Senam Jantung Sehat Lansia di Kota Medan. Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 17(66).

Harber, P. M., & Scoot, T. (2009). Aerobic Exercise Training Improves Wholemuscle and Single Myofiber Size and Functions in Older Women. Journal Physical Reguler Integral Company Physical, 10, hlm. 11-42.

Kemenkes RI. (2016). Situasi dan Analisa Lanjut Usia. Jakarta Selatan.

Kenney, Larry, W., Wilmore, Jack, H., Costill, & David, L. (2011). Physiology of Sport and Exercise (5th ed). USA: Human Kinetics.

Kerling A, Tegtbur U, Gützlaff E, Kück M, Borchert L, Ates Z, et al. (2015). Effects of adjunctive exercise on physiological and psychological parameters in depression: a randomized pilot trial. J Affect Disord 177:1–6. doi:10.1016/j. jad.2015.01.006

Lalarni, H. K. (2015). Pengaruh Senam Jantung Sehat Seri V terhadap Kebugaran dan Lemak Tubuh pada Anggota Posyandu Lansia Amrih Sehat Kec. Bergas Semarang.

Lucifora, C. (2015). Performance-related pay and labor productivity (IZA World of Labor). Universita Cattolica, Italy, IZA, and Germany. doi : 10.15185/izawol.152

Martinson, M., & Berridge, C. (2015). Successful aging and its discontents: A systematic review of the social gerontology literature. Gerontologist, 55(1), hlm. 58-69.

Oliveira, N., & Silveira, H. (2013). Assesment of cardiorespiratory fitness using submaximal protocol in older adults. Review Psiq Clinic, 40, hlm. 88-92.

Pescatello, L. S., Arena, R., Riebe, D., Thomson, P. D., Willian, L., & Wilkins (2014). ACSM's Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Precription (9th ed). Journal of the Canadian Chiripractic Association, 58(3). hlm. 328.

Prijo, S. (2011). Peran Latihan Fisik dalam Pencegahan, Pengontrolan, serta Pengobatan Hipertensu. Jurnal Medikora, 7(2).

Ralph, M. D., Klippel, John, H. M., Koopman, & William, J. M. (2013). Osteoarthritis, Epidemiology, Pathology, and Pathogenesis. In : Primer on the Rheumatic Diseases (10th ed). Atlanta: Arthritis Foundation.

Sebastianus, P. (2014). Fisiologi Latihan. Retrieved Januari 28, 2014, diunduh dari http://staff.uny.ac.id/sites/../Drs../Fisiologi%20Latihan.pdf.

Sundari, M. J., Suhadi, & Maryati. (2014). Pengaruh Senam Lansia terhadap Penurunan Tekanan Darah Lansia di Panti Wreda Usia Bethany Semarang.

Touhy, T. A., Jett, K. F., Ebeersole, & Hess. (2014). Gerontological Nursing and Healthy Aging. Missouri : Elseiver Mosby.

Wevers, L. E., & Kwakkel, G. (2011). "Is outdoor use of the six-minute walk the test with a global positioning system in stroke patients own neighbourhoods reproducible and valid?". J Rehabil Med, 43(11), hlm. 1027-1031.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v5i1.15741

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Jurnal Pendidikan Keperawatan Indonesia(JPKI). diterbitkan oleh Prodi DIII Keperawatan FPOK UPI disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional
Berdasarkan ciptaan pada http://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/JPKI/index
StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter
View My Stats

Alamat :
Kantor Prodi DIII Keperawatan FPOK UPI Lantai 2
Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154
Jawa Barat, Indonesia
E-mail : jpki@upi.edu