PENGARUH TIPE KEPRIBADIAN DAN HARAPAN TERHADAP PENYESUAIAN DIRI ANAK DIDIK PEMASYARAKATAN

Alwin Muhammad Reza

Sari


Abstract

The purposes of this research were to know whether hope mediates the effect of personality traits on adjustment. The participant were 85 young inmates in Juvenile Hall IIA Tangerang. Big Five Inventory (BFI), Adult’s Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS) and Adjustment Scale were the instruments to measure the variables. Correlation and Regression Analysis were used to analyze the purpose of the research. The results showed that 1) hope failed to mediate association of personality and adjustment 2) aggreableness had influence to adjustment 3) openness had the highest contribution to hope 4) hope was positively related to adjustment. This study give a suggests for prison staff to give career counseling for inmates. The recommendation for next studies is using hope as a moderator variable

 

Abstrak

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji peran harapan dalam memediasi pengaruh tipe kepribadian the big five terhadap penyesuaian diri. Anak Didik Pemasyarakatan (Andikpas) di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan (Lapas). Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 85 orang Andikpas di Lapas Anak Kelas IIA Tangerang. Data diperoleh melalui instrumen Big Five Inventory (BFI) yang mengukur tipe kepribadian, Adult’s Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS) yang mengukur tingkat harapan, dan instrumen penyesuaian diri. Teknik analisis Pearson-product moment dipilih untuk mengetahui korelasi antar variabel, serta analisis regresi untuk menguji peran variabel mediator. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan 1) harapan tidak memediasi pengaruh tipe kepribadian terhadap penyesuaian diri 2) tipe kepribadian yang memiliki kontribusi terbesar bagi penyesuaian diri adalah aggreableness 3) tipe kepribadian yang paling berpengaruh bagi harapan adalah openness 4) terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara harapan dan penyesuaian diri. Temuan ini memberikan rekomendasi bagi pihak Lapas untuk memberikan orientasi lingkungan dan konseling karir bagi Andikpas, dan bagi peneliti selanjutnya disarankan untuk menguji harapan sebagai variabel moderator.


Kata Kunci


big five personality, self adjustment, hope, juvenile hall,big five personality, penyesuaian diri, harapan, Lapas

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


Baron, Reuben M & Kenny, David A. (1986). The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Startegic, and Statistical

Considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 51 No.6, 1173-1182.

Caligiuri, Paula M. (2000). Selecting Expatriates For Personality Management International Characteristics: A Moderating Effect Of Personalityonthe Relationship

Between Host National Contact And Cross-Cultural Adjustment. Management International Review, Vol. 40, 61-80.

Chen, Smadar Cohen, Et Al. (2013). Hope In The Middle East: Malleability Beliefs,Hope And The Willingness To Compromise For Peace. Social Psychology And

Personality Science, Vol. 5(1), 67-75.

Cooke, David J., Pamela J. Baldwin, Jacqueline Howison.(1990). Psychology in Prisons. London: Routledge.

Costa, Paul T., & Thomas A. Widiger. (2002). Personality Disorder And The Five Factor Model of Personality. American Psychologucal Association: Wahington Dc.

Huang, Tsai-Jung, Shu-Cheng Chi & John J. Lawler. (2005). The Relationship Between Expatriates’ Personality Traits And Their Adjustment To internationalAssignments.International Journal Of HumanResources Management, 16:9, 1656-1670.

Hall, Calvin S., & Gardner Lindzey. (1985). Introduction To Theories Of Personality. Canada: John Wiley & Sons, Inc Halama, Peter. (2010). Hope as a Mediator Between Personality Traits and LifeSatisfaction. Studia Psychologica 52, 309-314

Feist, Jess, & Gregory J. Feist. (2010). Teori Kepribadian Edisi 7 Buku 2. Jakarta:Salemba Humanika.

Haber, Audrey & Runyon, Richard P. (1984). Psychology of Adjustment. USA: Dorsey Press

Crighton, David A. & Graham J. Towl. (2008). Psychology in Prisons Second Edition.USA: Blackwell Publishing.

Walker, Laura M. Padilla, Et Al. (2011). Adolescent Hope As A Mediator Between Parent-Child Connectedness And Adolescent Outcomes. The Journal Of Early

Adolescent, 31(6), 853-879.

Elhawi, Racheli Lipschitz & Haya Itzhaky. (2008). The Contribution Of Internal And External Resources To Emotional Adjustment: A Comparison Of At Risk And

Normative Adolescents. Child Adolescent Social Work Journal, 25, 385-396

Kağnıcı, Dilek Yelda. (2012). The Role Of Multicultural Personality In Predicting University Adjustment Of International Students In Turkey. International Journal

Adv.Counselling, 34, 174-184

Khiat, Henry. (2010). Adjustment in Prison: Strategies of Influence. Sociology Review, Vol. 146-159.

Septiani, Novi. (2013). Hubungan Antara Problem Solving Appraisal dengan Penyesuaian Diri Napi Anak. (Skripsi). Departemen Psikologi Universitas

Pendidikan Indonesia

Feist, Jess, & Gregory J. Feist. (2010). Teori Kepribadian Edisi 7 Buku 1. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Lewis, Hellen A. & Wendy Kliewer. (1996). Hope, Coping And Adjustment Among Children With Sickle Cell Disease: Tests Of Mediator And Moderator Models.

Journal Of Pediatric Psychology, Vol. 21 No. 1, 25-41.

Martin, Krystle & Lana Stermac. (2010). Measuring Hope: Is Hope Related To Crriminal Behaviour In Offenders?. Intertaional Journal Of Offender Therapy And

Comparative Criminology, Vol. 54 No. 5, 693-705.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.