### ENHANCING STUDENTS’ PROBLEM-SOLVING SKILLS IN OSCILLATION AND SOUND WAVE CONCEPT BY UTILIZING A MULTIMEDIA BASED INTEGRATED INSTRUCTION

#### Abstract

Problem-solving skill is one of the fundamental skills that must be mastered by students in the 21^{st} century. This study identify the enhancement of students’ problem-solving skill in oscillation and sound wave concept by utilizing multimedia based integrated instruction (MBI_{2}). The subjects of this research were 30 junior high school students in Bandung-West Java. Data and analysis result showed that students’ problem-solving skill was enhanced in moderate criteria, showed by normalized-gain value of 0.57. Therefore, it can be concluded that MBI_{2} can enhance students’ problem-solving skills in oscillation and sound wave concept.

#### Keywords

#### References

Barak, M., 2017. Science Teacher Education in the Twenty-First Century: a Pedagogical Framework for Technology-Integrated Social Constructivism. Research in Science Education, 47(2), p. 283–303.

Binkley, M., 2012. Defining twenty-first century skills. s.l., Springer Netherlands, pp. 17-64.

Chang, H.-Y. & Linn, M. C., 2013. Scaffolding learning from molecular visualizations. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 50(7), p. 858–886.

Chen, Z. & Gladding, G., 2014. How to Make a Good Animation: A Grounded Cognition Model of How Visual Representation Design Affects the Construction of Abstract Physics Knowledge. Physical Review Special Topics – Physics Education Research, 10(1), pp. 1-24.

Docktor, J. & Heller, 2009. Robust Assessment Instrument For Student Problem Solving. s.l., s.n.

Fox, R. W. & Farmer, M. E., 2011. The effect of computer programming education on the reasoning skills of high school student. USA, CSREA Press, pp. 187-193.

Gok, T., 2015. An Investigation of Studens' Performance After Peer Instruction with Stepwise Problem-Solving Straregis. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 13(3), pp. 561-582.

Griffin, P. & Esther, C., 2014. Assessment and teaching of 21st century skills: Methods and approach. Netherland, Springer.

Griffin, P. & McGaw, B., 2012. The changing role of education and schools. Assesment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills, pp. 1-4.

Hake, R. R., 1999. Analyzing change/gain score. American educational research association’s division measurement and research methodology. s.l.:s.n.

Hermawan, H., Siahaan, P., Suhendi, E. & Samsudin, A., 2017. Promoting collaboration skills on reflection concept through multimedia-based. s.l., AIP Publishing, pp. 1-5.

Ho, H. N. J., Tsai, M.-J., Wang, C.-Y. & Tsai, C.-C., 2014. Prior Knowledge and Online Inquiry-Based Science Reading: Evidence from Eye Tracking. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 12(3), p. 525–554.

Hung, W., Jonassen, D. & Liu, R., 2008. Problem-based learning. Handbook of research on educational communications and technology, Volume 3, pp. 485-506.

Koponen, I. & Nousiainen, M., 2013. Pre-Service Physics Teachers' Understanding of The Relational Structure of Physics Concepts: Organising Subject Contents for Purposes of Teaching. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 11(3), p. 325–357.

Leikin, R., Leikin, M., Waisman, I. & Shaul, S., 2013. Effect of the presence of external representations on accuracy and reaction time in solving mathematical double-choice problems by students of different levels of instruction. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education , 11(5), pp. 1049-1066.

Loibl, K., Roll, I. & Rummel, N., 2017. Towards a theory of when and how problem solving followed by instruction supports learning. Educational Psychology Review, 29(4), pp. 693-715.

Mayer, R. E., 2005. Multimedia Learning. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Psycharis, S. & Kallia, M., 2017. The effects of computer programming on high school students’ reasoning skills and mathematical self-efficacy and problem solving. Instructional Science, 45(5), pp. 583-602.

Ranade, M. D., 2006. Development of CAI Presentations for Science Teaching and Overview of Research Findings. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 4(4), pp. 763-789.

Siahaan, P. et al., 2017. Improving Students’ Science Process Skills through Simple Computer Simulations on Linear Motion Conceptions. IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics, 812(1), pp. 1-5.

Sutopo, S. & Waldrip, B., 2014. Impact of A Representational Approach on Students' Reasoning an Conceptual Understanding in Learning Mechanics. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 12(4), pp. 741-765.

Wu, W., Chang, H.-P. & Guo, C.-J., 2009. The Development of an Instrument for a Technology-integrated Science Learning Environment. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 7(207).

Yu, K. C., Fan, S. C. & Lin, K. Y., 2015. Yu, K. C., Fan, S. C., & Lin, K. Y. (2015). Enhancing Students’ Problem-Solving Skills Through Context-Based Learning. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 13(6), 1377-1401.. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 13(6), pp. 1377-1401.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18269/jpmipa.v23i1.13963

### Refbacks

- There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA

JPMIPA http://journal.fpmipa.upi.edu/index.php/jpmipa/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (JPMIPA) or Journal of Mathematics and Science Teaching

All rights reserverd. pISSN 1412-0917 eISSN 2443-3616

Copyright © Faculty of Mathematics and Science Education (FPMIPA) Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia (UPI)

View JPMIPA Stats