Kontribusi Keterampilan Gerak Fundamental Terhadap Keterampilan Bermain Small-Sided Handball Games

Mei Fadilah, Ricky Wibowo

Abstract


In doing physical activities, elementary school students tend to enjoy various types of games. Game activities consists of various movement skills and games skills that must be mastered by students in order to obtain success during the games. The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation and contribution of fundamental movement skills toward games skills using small-sided handball games in elementary students. The method used was descriptive quantitative method. The subjects of the study were fourty 3rd grade students. The instrument used to measure FMS was by Test of Gross Motor Development - Second Edition (TGMD-2) consisting of locomotor and object control skills. While games skills consisting of games involvement (GI) and Games performance (GP) were measured using the observation format of Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI) by selecting three main components there are  decision making component, skill execution and support on invasion game activity format. The results indicated that the FMS level was significantly correlated with games skills at a moderate levels (r = 0.47 and 0.43 for each GI and GP). Fundamental movement skills contributed 21.8% to GI and 18.6% contributed to GP. The results supported the hypothesis that fundamental movement skills have a significant correlation that is at a moderate level with games skills.

 

ABSTRAK

Dalam melakukan aktivitas fisik, anak usia sekolah dasar cenderung menyenangi berbagai jenis permainan. Aktivitas permainan terdiri dari berbagai keterampilan gerak dan keterampilan bermain yang harus dikuasai siswa agar memperoleh keberhasilan dalami suatu permainan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui korelasi dan kontribusi keterampilan gerak fundamental terhadap keterampilan bermain permainan small-sided handball pada siswa sekolah dasar. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kuantitatif. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas III  yang berjumlah 40 siswa. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk mengukur Keterampilan gerak fundamental adalah dengan Test of Gross Motor Development - Second Edition (TGMD-2) terdiri dari subdomain keterampilan lokomotor dan objek kontrol. Sedangkan keterampilan  bermain yang terdiri dari keterlibatan bermain (GI) dan penampilan bermain (GP) diukur menggunakan format observasi Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI) dengan memilih tiga komponen yang disesuaikan  dan support pada format aktivitas permainan invasi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa tingkat keterampilan gerak fundamental secara signifikan berkorelasi dengan keterampilan bermain pada tingkat sedang (r = 0.47 dan 0.43 untuk masing-masing GI dan GP). Keterampilan gerak fundamental berkontribusi sebesar 21.8% terhadap GI dan 18,6% berkontribusi terhadap GP. Hasil penelitian mendukung hipotesis bahwa keterampilan gerak fundamental memiliki korelasi yang signifikan yaitu pada tingkat sedang terhadap keterampilan bermain.

 


Keywords


Fundamental Movement Skills, Small-Sided Handball Games, Invasion Games

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v3i1.7667

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