The Indonesian National Sports Games (PON): Expectations and Reality

Amung Ma'mun

Abstract


This paper describes an empirical study about the expectation and reality of the Indonesian NationalSportsGames (PON) aftertheregulationaboutnationalsportsystemcameintoforce in 2005. To describe the achievement and issues associated with the objectives of PON, analyses of report documents of the 2008, 2012, and 2016 PON were carried out. In addition, interviews with athletes and officials from several contingents and focus group discussions with experts were also conducted. In terms of maintaining the unity and integrity of the nation, PON could be deemed to meettheexpectationsbutsomemodificationsshouldbemadetotheidealism,management,andsport contents to improve the development system of national sport. However, organizing PON as a talent scout effort is no longer valid due to some issues associated with recruitment system, match and sport categorization system, and event time selection. Even so, PON is still needed to stimulate sport development in regional level. There should be a new policy in order for PON to achieve all of its goals.

This paper describes an empirical study about the expectation and reality of the Indonesian NationalSportsGames (PON) aftertheregulationaboutnationalsportsystemcameintoforce in 2005. To describe the achievement and issues associated with the objectives of PON, analyses of report documents of the 2008, 2012, and 2016 PON were carried out. In addition, interviews with athletes and officials from several contingents and focus group discussions with experts were also conducted. In terms of maintaining the unity and integrity of the nation, PON could be deemed to meettheexpectationsbutsomemodificationsshouldbemadetotheidealism,management,andsport contents to improve the development system of national sport. However, organizing PON as a talent scout effort is no longer valid due to some issues associated with recruitment system, match and sport categorization system, and event time selection. Even so, PON is still needed to stimulate sport development in regional level. There should be a new policy in order for PON to achieve all of its goals.


Keywords


Indonesian National Sports Games (PON), expectation, reality, objectives

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bailey, Richard, David Morley, and Harriet Dismore. 2009. “Talent Development in

Physical Education: A National Survey of Policy and Practice in England.” Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy 14(1): 59–72.

Binder, Deanna L. 2012. “Olympic Values Education: Evolution of a Pedagogy.”

Educational Review 64(July 2015): 275–302.

Burton, Damon et al. 2010. “The Competitive Goal Effectiveness Paradox Revisited: Examining the Goal Practices of Prospective Olympic Athletes.” Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 22(1): 72–86.

Chappelet, Jean-Loup. 2016. “From Olympic Administration to Olympic Governance.” Sport in Society 19(6): 739–51. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17430437.2015.1108648.

Chu, Marcus P. 2015. “Beyond Status and Prestige: Chinese Cities Bids for the Summer World University Games.” Sport in Society 18(6): 704–16. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17430437.2014.982545.

Creak, Simon. 2010. “Sport and the Theatrics of Power in a Postcolonial State : The National Games of 1960s Laos.” 34(June): 191–210.

Daniel Bloyce and Andy Smith. 2010. “Sport Policy and Development.” (January 2015): 37–41.

Durand, Christophe, and Emmanuel Bayle. 2002. “Public Assistance in Spectator Sport: A Comparison between Europe and the United States.” European Journal of Sport Science 2(2): 1–19.

Gulbin, Jason P, Morag J Croser, Elissa J Morley, and Juanita R Weissensteiner. 2013. “An Integrated Framework for the Optimisation of Sport and Athlete Development: A Practitioner Approach.” Journal of sports sciences 31(12): 1319–31. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23631711.

Güllich, Arne, Peter Kovar, Sebastian Zart, and Ansgar Reimann. 2016. “Sport Activities Differentiating Match-Play Improvement in Elite Youth Footballers – a 2-Year Longitudinal Study.” Journal of Sports Sciences 414(March): 1–9. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2016.1161206.

Howell, Reet, and Maxwell L. Howell. 1980. “The Events of the Olympic Games.” The Physician and Sportsmedicine 8(4): 102–11. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00913847.1980.11710919.

Hubball, Harry, and Scott Robertson. 2004. “Strategies for Planning an Overseas Field Trip for Young Athletes.” Strategies 17(4): 7–9. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08924562.2004.10591091.

Koski, Pasi, and Jari Lämsä. 2015. “Finland as a Small Sports Nation : Socio-Historical Perspectives on the Development of National Sport Policy.” 6940(November).

Leopkey, B., O. Mutter, and M.M. Parent. 2010. “Barriers and Facilitators When Hosting Sporting Events: Exploring the Canadian and Swiss Sport Event Hosting Policies.” International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics 2(2): 113–34. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19406940.2010.488058.

Li, Liu, and Fan Hong. 2015. “The International Journal of the History of Sport The National Games and National Identity in the Republic of China,.” (May): 37–41.

Maguire, Joseph a. 2011. “Development through Sport and the Sports–industrial Complex: The Case for Human Development in Sports and Exercise Sciences.” Sport in Society 14(7–8): 937–49. http://www.tandfonline.com.ezproxy.psz.utm.my/doi/pdf/10.1080/

2011.603550.

Morissette, Jean-françois. 2014. “The Theatricality of Sport and the Issue of Ideology - 00948705.2013.858636.” (December): 37–41.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00948705.2013.858636.

Park, Jae-woo, Seungyup Lim, Jae-woo Park, and Seungyup Lim. 2016. “A Chronological Review of the Development of Elite Sport Policy in South Korea Policy in South Korea.” 599(March).

Roche, Maurice. 2002. “The Olympics and Global Citizenship.” Citizenship Studies 6(2): 165–81.

http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&btnG=Search&q=intitle:The+Olympics+and

+’Global+Citizenship’#0.

Shariati, Mahdi, Mohammad Khabiri, and Mehrzad Hamidi. 2013. “The Relationship between the Success of Countries at the Guangzhou 2010 Summer Asian Games and Demo-Economic Factors.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 82: 369–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.277.

Tinaz, Cem, Douglas Michele Turco, and Paul Salisbury. 2014. “Sport Policy in Turkey.” International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics 6(3): 533–45. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19406940.2014.893247.

Tsvetkova, I. V. 2011. “The Prestige of a City as Perceived by the Young People of Tolyatti.” Russian Education & Society 53(7): 55–64. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.2753/RES1060-9393530704.

Veal, A J, Kristine Toohey, and Stephen Frawley. 2000. “Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events The Sport Participation Legacy of the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games and Other International Sporting Events Hosted in Australia.” (December 2014): 37–41.

Yamamoto, Mayumi Ya-ya. 2012. “International Journal of Sport Policy Development of the Sporting Nation : Sport as a Strategic Area of National Policy in Japan.” International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics 4(July): 277–96.

Zhouxiang, Lu. 2016. “Sport and Politics: The Cultural Revolution in the Chinese Sports Ministry, 1966–1976.” The International Journal of the History of Sport 33(5): 569– 85. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09523367.2016.1188082.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v4i1.15049

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 JURNAL PENDIDIKAN JASMANI DAN OLAHRAGA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. web
statistics

View My Stats