Optimization of The Oxy-Acetyline Gas Cutting Process on Aisi 1045 Steel Material to Produce Minimum Width Kerf

Mohammad Egie Syahputra, Haipan Salam, Asep Hadian Sasmita


This research is intended to determine the optimum combination of parameters and how much the contribution of the parameters of cutting speed, oxygen gas pressure, and nozzle distance to the width of the cutting kerf. This research was conducted with a method, namely Taguchi Design of Experiments (DoEs) by varying the process factors used in the AISI 1045 steel material cutting process. The control factors in this study consisted of three factors, namely cutting speed, gas pressure, and tip distance. The cutting speed and cutting gas pressure are significant factors in the optimization of the AISI 1045 steel cutting process for minimum kerf width with a contribution of 95.6%, while the tip / nozzle height factor is not significant in the optimization of the AISI 1045 steel cutting process for the kerf width minimum. The optimum parameter values to obtain the minimum kerf width in AISI 1045 steel are cutting speed of 250 mm/min, gas pressure of 3 kgf/cm2, and tip height of 4 mm. Furthermore, the results of the verification tests carried out indicated that the optimal process parameter formula obtained is feasible to use, indicated by the S / N ratio and confidence interval (CI) of prediction and verification that coincide with one another. The optimal process parameter formula can be used as a reference for industrial production activities with a 95% success rate.


Oxy-fuel Gas Cutting; AISI 1045; Kerf; Taguchi DoEs

Full Text:



Akkurt, A. (2009). Surface properties of the cut face obtained by different cutting methods form AISI 304 Stainless Steel Material. Indian Journal of Engineering & Material Sciences, 16(2009), 373-38.

Alduroobi, A. A., Ubaid, A. M., Tawfiq, M. A., & Elias, R. R. (2020). Wire EDM process optimization for machining AISI 1045 steel by use of Taguchi method, artificial neural network and analysis of variances. International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management, 11(2020), 1-25.

Ghane, D. B., Abhang, L. B., Makasare, P. A., & Kharad, B. N. (2018). Optimization on Operating Parameters of CNC Plasma Machine by Experimentation. i-Manager's Journal on Instrumentation & Control Engineering, 7(1), 26.

Harish, M. O. O. L. I., & Babu, P. K. (2017). Analysis of Oxy-Fuel cutting process parameters using Grey-Taguchi technique for mild steel HRE350. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Research, 5(2), 5777-5783.

Harnicarova, M., Zajac, J., & Stoic, A. (2010). Comparison of different material cutting technologies in terms of their impact on the cutting quality of structural steel. Tehnicki vjesnik, 17(3), 371-376.

Majanasastra, R. B. S. (2013). Analisis Simulasi Uji Impak Baja Karbon Sedang (AISI 1045) dan Baja Karbon Tinggi (AISI D2) Hasil Perlakuan Panas. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin Unisma" 45" Bekasi, 1(2), 97996.

Muñoz-Escalona, P., Payares, M. C., Dorta, M., & Diaz, R. (2006). Analysis and influence of acetylene and propane gas during oxyfuel gas cutting of 1045 carbon steel. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 15(6), 684-692.

Parnianifard, A., Azfanizam, A., Ariffin, M. K. A. M., & Ismail, M. I. S. (2018). An overview on robust design hybrid metamodeling: Advanced methodology in process optimization under uncertainty. International Journal of Industrial Engineering Computations, 9(2018), 1-32.

Patel, A. M., Shah, D., & Kothari, M. (2015). Design and Manufacturing of Automated Gas Profile Cutting Machine using PLC. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development, 3(2015), 2321.

Rzeźnikiewicz, A. (2014). Cost comparison between oxyfuel and plasma cutting low alloy steel. Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 63(2), 81-85.

Santoso, E. B., Hidayat, R., & Herraprastanti, E. H. (2018). Material hilang dan kekerasan daerah plastized zone pada pemotongan material SS400 dengan Oxyfuel Welding. DINAMIKA Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Mesin, 10(1), 14–22.

Selvam, M. D., & Sivaram, N. (2017). The effectiveness of various cutting fluids on the surface roughness of AISI 1045 steel during turning operation using minimum quantity lubrication system. Journal on Future Engineering & Technology, 13(1), 36-43.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ajse.v1i3.34227


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 1970 Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ASEAN Journal of Science and Engineering (AJSE) is published by UPI 

View My Stats