The Knowledge Building of Construction Process of Bali Arya’s Architecture: Interpretation of the Manuscript Asta Kosala Kosali

I Nyoman Nuri Arthana


Bali has written rules about building procedures which are traditionally are still used today. The rules are written in an ancient manuscript in the form of a palm leaf known as Asta Kosala Kosali (AKK). The AKK manuscript has been around since the arrival of the Aryans from the Majapahit kingdom to Bali, therefore the architectural products produced in this period are called Bali Arya’s architecture. Based on the contents of the AKK script, the disclosure of architectural knowledge is carried out using an architectural perspective in the context of construction. This perspective and context used show that this research is different from previous studies of the AKK manuscripts that use cultural, anthropological, and historical perspectives. This study places the AKK script as the main object of research, therefore the method used is to apply hermenetic operations or called interpretations. Through this research architectural knowledge can be formulated in the context of construction, namely; 1) the basic foundation of the construction process that is carried out is truth in the process, obedience to the principles of building and the achievement of pleasure in each stage and its results. 2) The principles applied in the construction process, technically is the assembly of construction components starting from the building body, applying the principle of strong columns -weak beams, prioritizing the sustainability of materials, construction and building, and using rational composition of regular geometric shapes to achieve beauty . 3) The basic concept as the ultimate goal of the construction process is the balance and harmony of the relationship between humans, nature and God. These three formulations are components of the building of Bali Arya’s architectural knowledge in the context of the construction process. Keywords: knowledge; construction process; Bali Arya’s architecture; interpretation

Full Text:



Frampton, Kenneth, 1995, Studies in Tectonic Culture, The MIT Press, London.

Heinz Frick, 1998, Sistem Bentuk Struktur Bangunan: Dasar-Dasar Konstruksi Dalam Arsitektur, Kanisius, Yogyakarta

Grout, Linda and Wang, David, 2013, Architectural Research Method, Second Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New Jersey

Gelebet, I Nyoman, 1986, Arsitektur Tradisional Bali, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Propinsi Bali, Denpasar.

Kagami, Haruya, 1988, Balinese Traditional Architecture in Process, Little World Museum of Man, Japan

Klassen, Winnand, 1990, Architecture and Philosophy: Phenomenology, Hermeneutics, Deconstruction, University of San Carlos Press, Cebu City, Philippines.

Kruft, Hano-Walter, 1994, A History of Architectural Theory from Vitruvius to The Present, Princeton Architectural Press, London

Prijotomo, Josef, 2006, (Re)Konstruksi Arsitektur Jawa : Griya Jawa dalam Tradisi Tanpatulisan, PT. Wastu Lanas Grafika, Surabaya

Porphyrios, Demetry, 1991, Classical Architecture; The Living Tradition, McGraw-Hill, Inc, London.

Rassmussen, S., E., 1980, Experirencing Architecture, The MIT Press, USA

Ricoeur, Paul, 1971, The Model of The Text: Meaningful Action Cinsidered as Text, Social Research, vol 38, h. 529 – 555

---------------, 2014, Teori Interpretasi : Membelah Makna dalam Anatomi Teks, IRCiSoD, Yogyakarta.

Satria, Wina, Ni Made, 2015, Kajian Estetika Arsitektur Bali, tidak di publikasikan, Thesis program magister arsitektur Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Salam, Burhanuddin, 1996, Logika Material: Filsafat Ilmu Pengetahuan, Rineka Cipta, Bandung.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 I Nyoman Nuri Arthana

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.