Model Implementasi Kurikulum Ornstein dan Hunkins: (Modernisme dan Postmodernisme)

La Ode Muhammad Safarudin, R. Rusman

Abstract


Model Implementasi Kurikulum Ornstein dan Hunkins: (Modernisme dan Postmodernisme). Implementasi kurikulum adalah realisasi terhadap perencanaan kurikulum yang telah dibuat sebelumnya. Dalam melaksanakan kurikulum, segala macam ide harus dikonseptualisasikan dan diarahkan. Dalam menentukan arah penerapannya, kurikulum memerlukan model-model yang nantinya dapat dijadikan acuan, pedoman atau arahan bagi pergerakan kurikulum ke depan. Allan C. Ornstein dan Francis P. Hunkins dalam bukunya “Curriculum: Foundation, Princiles, and Issues”, edisi ke-7, memaparkan model-model penerapan kurikulum, yang dibagi menjadi dua kategori model, yaitu model yang beraliran modernis dan model beraliran postmodernis. Dalam artikel ini, peneliti akan melihat sejauh mana perbedaan antara kedua jenis kategori model tersebut, dan apa implikasinya bagi implementasi kurikulum di Indonesia. Penulis menggunakan metode studi literatur pada artkel ini, yakni tentang model-model implementasi kurikulum modernisme dan juga postmodernisme. Temuan dalam penelitian ini yaitu terdapat perbedaan di antara model model-model implementasi kurikulum tersebut (aliran modernisme dan aliran postmodernisme), dan juga model-model implemntasi kurikulum tersebut memberikan pengaruh terhadap perjalanan kurikulum di Indonesia.

Kata kunci: Model Implementasi Kurikulum Ornstein-Hunkins, Modernisme, Postmodernisme

 

Ornstein and Hunkins Curriculum Implementation Model: (Modernism and Postmodernism). Curriculum implementation is the implementation of the curriculum that has been planned. In implementing the curriculum, all kinds of ideas must be conceptualized and directed. In determining the direction of its application, the curriculum requires models that can later be used as references, guidelines or directions for future curriculum movements. Allan C. Ornstein and Francis P. Hunkins in their book "Curriculum: Foundation, Princiles, and Issues", 7th edition, describe curriculum implementation models, which are divided into two categories of models, namely modernist models and postmodernist models. . In this article, the researcher will look at the extent of the differences between the two types of model categories, and what the implications are for curriculum implementation in Indonesia. The writer used literature study method in this article about models of curriculum implementation of modernism and postmodernism. The findings in this study are that there are differences between the models of curriculum implementation (modernism and postmodernism), and also that these curriculum implementation models give an influence on the course of the curriculum in Indonesia.


Keywords


Implementasi Kurikulum; Model Ornstein-Hunkins; Modernisme; Postmodernisme

References


Abdullah, Anzar. (2007). Kurikulum Pendidikan di Indonesia Sepanjang Sejarah (Suatu Tinjauan Kritis Filosofis). Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, No.066, Tahun ke-13, Mei 2007 https://dx.doi.org/10.24832/jpnk.v13i66.354

Afifah, Riana. (2012, 24 September). “Jangan Korbankan Siswa Dengan Perubahan Kuriulum”. https://regional.kompas.com/read/2012/11/24/09535383/~Edukasi~News

Alhamuddin. (2019). Politik Kebijakan Pengembangan Kurikulum di Indonesia Sejak Zaman Kemerdekaan Hingga Reformasi (1947-2013), Jakarta: Prenadamedia.

Asri, M. (2017). Dinamika Kurikulum di Indonesia. Jurnal Modeling, Vol. 4, Nomor 2, September 2017

Boboc, Marius. (2012). The Postmodern Curriculum in a Modern Classroom. International Journal of Education ISSN 1948-54762012, Vol.4,No.1 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/ije.v4i1.1167

Burbules, Nicholas C. (2009). Postmodernism and Education. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Jan 2010 DOI:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195312881.003.0029

Campbell, Madelaine. (2018). Postmodernism and Educational Research. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2018, 6, 67-73http://www.scirp.org/journal/jssISSN Online: 2327-5960ISSN Print: 2327-5952 https://doi.org/10.4236/jss.2018.67006

Hamalik, Oemar. (2011). Kurikulum dan Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara

Hamengkubuwono. (2016). Ilmu Pendidikan Dan Teori-Teori Pendidikan. LP2 STAIN CURUP.

Hidayat, Ainurrahman. (2006). Implikasi Postmodernisme Dalam Pendidikan. Tadrîs Volume 1.Nomor 1. 2006

Hossieni, Sadat Afzal & Khalili, Samane. (2011). Explanation of Creativity in Postmodern Educational Ideas. 1877–0428 © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.03.283P

Ilham, Iromi. (2018). Paradigma Postmodernisme; Solusi Untuk Kehidupan Sosial? Sebuah Pandangan Teoritis Dan Analitis Terhadap Paradigma Postmodernisme. Jurnal Sosiologi USKVolume 12, Nomor 1, Juni 2018

Insani, Farah Dina. (2019). Sejarah Perkembangan Kurikulum di Indonesia Sejak Awal Kemerdekaan Hingga Saat Ini. As-Salam IVol. VIII No.1, Th. 2019P-ISSN: 2089-6638 E-ISSN: 2461-0232Edisi: Januari-Juni 2019Hal. 43-64 https://doi.org/10.51226/assalam.v8i1.132

Kemendiknas. (2006). Standar Isi. Peraturan Mentri Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia

Jashree. (2012). Themes of Postmodern Education. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 2, Issue 12, December 20121 ISSN 2250-3153

Loewenthal, Del. (2003). The Other in Educational Research: Some Postmoderrn Implication for Educational Practice, Theory, Research and Professionalism. Research in Post-Compulsory Education https://doi.org/10.1080/13596740300200160

Macdonald, D. (2003). “Curriculum change and the post-modern world: Is the school curriculum-reform movement an anachronism?”inCurriculum Studies35(2):139-149.March 2003

Majid, Abdul. (2014). Strategi Pembelajaran. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Maksum, Ali. (2012). Pengantar Filsafat. Jakarta: Ar-ruzz media

Muhammedi. (2016). Perubahan Kurikulum di Indonesia: Studi Kritis Tentang Upaya Menemukan Kurikulum Pendidikan Islam Yang Ideal. RAUDHAH: Vol. IV, No. 1: Januari – Juni 2016, ISSN: 2338 – 2163

Nadrag, Lavinia & Tihenea-Buzarna, Alina. (2015). From Modern to Postmodern Curriculum. The Annals of UOC: the Philology Series, 2/2015

Nurhalim, Muhammad. (2011). Analisis Perkembangan Kurikulum di Indonesia (Sebuah Tinjauan Desain dan Pendekatan), Jurnal INSANIA Vol.16, No.3 September-Desember 2011.

Ornstein C.,Allan & Hunkins P.,Francis. (2018). Curriculum: Foundations, Principles, and Issues. (Edisi Ketujuh). United States: Pearson Education

Patton, Louise anna & Prince, Krista L. (2018). Curriculum Design and Planning:Using Postmodern Curriculum Approaches.Journalof CurriculumTheorizing.Volume32, Number 3, 2018

Piirto, Jane. (1999). Implications of Postmodern Curriculum Theory for the Education of the Talented. Journal for the Education of the Gifted. Vol. 22, No. 4, 1999, pp. 324-353.

Setiawan, Johan & Sudrajat, Ajat. (2018). Pemikiran Postmodernisme dan Pandangnnya Terhadap Ilmu Pengetahuan. Jurnal Filsafat, ISSN: 0853-1870 (p); 2528-6811(e) Vol. 28, No. 1 (2018), p. 25-46, doi: 10.22146/jf.33296

Sidqi, M.Fajru, Ulya, Inayatul. (2019). Pemikiran Postmodernisme dan Pandangannya Terhadap Pendidikan (Studi Kritis Atas Kurikulum Pendidikan Tinggi Indonesia). Jurnal PENA Vol.33 No.2 Edisi September 2019

Suderajat, Hari. (2004). Implementasi Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (KBK). Bandung: CV Cipta Cekas Grafika

Suhendra, Ade. (2016). Hakekat dan Proses Pendidikan Lintas Perspektif (Tradisional, Modernisme, dan Postmodernisme). Jurnal Darul ‘Ilmi Vol. 04, No. 01 Januari 2016

Wahyuni, Fitri. (2015). Kurikulum Dari masa Ke Masa. Al-Adabiya, Vol. 10 No. 2, Juli – Desember 2015




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jik.v18i2.36396

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 La Ode Muhammad Safarudin, R. Rusman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Inovasi Kurikulum

Published by HIPKIN in collaboration with Curriculum Development Study Program

Faculty of Educational Sciences - Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Gedung FIP UPI Lt. 9 Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi Bandung 40154


Indexed By:

GARUDA   Crossref      DOAJ DIMENSIONS Indonesia One Search BASE   ROAD

Google Scholar

Google Scholar p. ISSN 1829-6750 | Google Scholar e. ISSN 2798-1363


Creative Commons License
Inovasi Kurikulum journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.