Gambaran Persepsi Mahasiswa Terhadap Perilaku Pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus di Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Padjadjaran

Ranti Asri Lestari, Citra Windani Mambang Sari, Titis Kurniawan

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

Perilaku pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus ditentukan oleh keyakinan dan persepsi seseorang mengenai ancaman kesehatan yang dirasakan. Gaya hidup tidak sehat yang dilakukan oleh mahasiswa cenderung dapat meningkatkan resiko terjadinya Diabetes Mellitus, sehingga perlu dilakukan upaya pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui persepsi mahasiswa terhadap perilaku Pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus. Penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif ini melibatkan 242 sampel yang ditentukan menggunakan stratified random sampling. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan instrumen Health Belief Model (HBM), yang terdiri dari 5 domain yaitu, persepsi kerentanan dan keseriusan, persepsi manfaat, persepsi hambatan, isyarat melakukan tindakan, dan self-efficacy. Data dianalisis dengan analisis deskriptif (frekuensi dan persentase). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa seluruh responden (100%) memiliki persepsi positif terhadap perilaku pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus. Adapun persepsi berdasarkan 5 domain didapatkan seluruh responden (100%) memiliki persepsi positif terhadap manfaat pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus, hampir seluruh responden memiliki persepsi positif terhadap kerentanan dan keseriusan (92,6%), isyarat melakukan pencegahan (98,3%), self-efficacy dalam melakukan pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus (92,6%), dan lebih dari setengah responden memiliki persepsi positif terhadap hambatan melakukan pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus (59,5%). Walaupun demikian, terdapat kurang dari setengah responden (40,5%) yang memiliki persepsi negatif terhadap hambatan, yang berarti bahwa responden tersebut merasakan adanya hambatan dalam melakukan pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa seluruh responden mempersepsikan perlunya melakukan pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus. Namun, adanya hambatan dalam melakukan pencegahan Diabetes Mellitus, perlu diadakannya promosi kesehatan yang memotivasi mahasiswa untuk mengatasi hambatan yang dirasakan dalam melakukan penegahan Diabetes Mellitus.

ABSTRACT

Unhealthy lifestyle undertaken by students tended to increase the risk of Diabetes Mellitus, so there should be the effort to prevent Diabetes Mellitus. Prevention behaviors are determined by belief and perception about perceived of threats. This study aimed to identify student's perception towards prevention behavior of Diabetes Mellitus. This descriptive quantitative study involved 242 students were taken with stratified random sampling. Data collected by Health Belief Model (HBM) instrument that consisted of 5 domains; perceived susceptibility and severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, and self-efficacy. Data analyzed with descriptive analysis (frequency and percentage). Result showed that all of respondent (100%) had positive perception towards prevention behavior of Diabetes Mellitus. The results of the perception based on 5 domains showed that all of respondent (100%) had positive perceived benefit, most of responden (92,6%) had positive perceived susceptibility and severity, cues to action (98,3%), self-efficacy (92,6%) and more than half of respondents (59,5%) had positive perceived barriers. However, less than half of respondent (40,5%) had negatively perceived barriers which indicated that respondent felt the barrier of Diabetes Mellitus prevention. To conclude, all of respondent perceived necessary to do Diabetes Mellitus prevention. Whereas, there was a barrier in Diabetes Mellitus prevention so, there should be health promotion to motivate students to overcome their perceived of the barrier to perform Diabetes Mellitus prevention


Keywords


Diabetes Mellitus; Health-Belief-Model; Mahasiswa; Pencegahan; Persepsi; diabetes mellitus, health-belief-model; perception; prevention; students

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v4i1.12345

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