PENGEMBANGAN MEDIA HEALTHY DENTAL BOX (HDB) UNTUK MEMFASILITASI KETERAMPILAN MENGGOSOK GIGI ANAK USIA 4-5 TAHUN

Irna Najiah, Lutfi Nur, Taopik Rahman

Abstract


This research is based on the results of preliminary studies that have been conducted by researchers regarding the importance of brushing teeth. Brushing teeth in children aged 4-5 years is not explained in detail in the curriculum and has an impact on the difficulties faced by teachers in selecting and designing learning media to brush their teeth, therefore researchers design learning media with approaches that are appropriate to the conditions of children in the field. Researchers developed the tooth puppet media into a Healthy Dental Box (HDB) medium to facilitate the brushing skills of children aged 4-5 years. The method used in this research is Design Based Research (DBR) developed by Reeves to design, develop, and test the feasibility of a product to overcome problems in learning. Data collection is done by observation, interview and validation of media experts. In general, the product is declared suitable for use as a learning medium regarding brushing teeth based on the results of media validation by experts in the health sector, experts in the field of learning media and pedagogical experts. Reflections on product development, namely producing Healthy Dental Box (HDB) media to facilitate tooth brushing skills in children aged 4-5 years.

 

Penelitian ini didasarkan pada hasil studi pendahuluan yang telah dilakukan oleh peneliti mengenai pentingnya menggosok gigi. Menggosok gigi pada anak usia 4-5 tahun tidak dijelaskan secara rinci dalam kurikulum dan berdampak pada kesulitan yang dihadapi guru dalam memilih dan merancang media pembelajaran menggosok gigi anak, untuk itu peneliti merancang media pembelajaran dengan pendekatan yang sesuai dengan kondisi anak di lapangan. Peneliti mengembangkan media boneka gigi menjadi media Healthy Dental Box (HDB) untuk memfasilitasi keterampilan menggosok gigi anak usia 4-5 tahun. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Design Based Research (DBR) yang dikembangkan oleh Reeves untuk merancang, mengembangkan, dan menguji kelayakan suatu produk untuk mengatasi masalah dalam pembelajaran.   Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan observasi, wawancara dan validasi ahli media. Secara umum produk dinyatakan layak digunakan sebagai media pembelajaran mengenai menggosok gigi berdasarkan hasil validasi media oleh ahli dalam bidang kesehatan, ahli bidang media pembelajaran dan ahli pedagogik. Refleksi dari pengembangan produk, yaitu menghasilkan media Healthy Dental Box (HDB) untuk memfasilitasi keterampilan menggosok gigi pada anak usia 4-5 tahun.


Keywords


Media Pembelajaran; Healthy Dental Box (HDB); Menggosok gigi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baruah, K. dkk (2017). A Review on Toothbrushes and Tooth Brushing Methods. Internasional Jurnal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention Volume IV issue 51. 29-38.

Chomaria, N. (2015). Panduan Terlengkap Tumbuh Kembang anak Usia 0-5 Tahun. Surakarta: Cinta Menebar Cinta Menuah Hikmah.

Daryanto. (2013). Media Pembelajaran. Yogyakarta:Gava Media.

Erwana, F.A. (2014). Mitos dan Fakta Tumbuh Kembang Gigi Anak. Yogyakarta: Rapha Publishing.

Erwana, F.E. (2013). Seputar Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut. Yogyakarta: Rapha Publishing.

Giri, K.D. (2018). Effectiveness Between Two Tooth brushing Methods on Removing Dental Plaque. Jurnal Nobel Medical College. Vol 7(1). Edisi 12. Hlm 26-29.

Hidayat, R. (2016). Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut- Apa yang Sebaiknya Anda Tahu. Yogyakarta: CV Andi Offset.

Hidayati,P, F. (2016). Peningkatan Kemampuan Menggosok Gigi Melalui Media Boneka Gigi pada Anak Tunagrahita Kategori Sedang Kelas IV di SLB-C Rindang Kasih Secang. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. SKRIPSI

Izzeti. R. dkk. (2020). COVID-19 Transmission in Dental Practice: Brif Review of Preventive Measures in Italy. Journal of Dental Reaserch. 1-2.

Kemendikbud, R. I. (2014). Permendikbud Nomor 137 Tahun 2014 Tentang Standar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini.

Kustandi, C. & Sutjipto, B. (2011). Media Pembelajaran Manual dan Digital. Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia

Lakshmi, V. dkk (2018). Evaluation of Brushing Techniques and Toothbrush Grips Among Rural and Urban Children. International Jurnal of Applied Dental Sciences. VI (II). 164-167.

Lokhandwala, H. dkk. (2020). Factor Associated with Use of Dental Sealants among Dental Professionals in Mangalore-A Cross Sectional Stusy. Indian Journal of Public Health Reaserch & Devlopment. An International Jurnal. Vol 11. No 01. Hal 477-483.

Masykur, dkk. (2017). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Matematika dengan Macromedia Flash. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika. Vol 8. No.2. hal 179

Mumpuni, Y. & Pratiwi, E. (2013) 45 Masalah dan Solusi Penyakit Gigi dan Mulut. Yogyakarta: Rapha Publishing

Nardi, M.G. dkk. (2016). Tailored Brushing Method (TBM): An Innovative Simple Protocol to Improve the Oral Care. Jurnal of Biomedicine. Vol 1. 26-31.

Ngatemi & Purnama, T. (2020). Dental Health Handbook as Parents Monitoring in the Formation of Independence for Brushing Teeth in Early Childhood. Indian Journal of Public Health Reaserch & Devlopment. An International Jurnal. V11. No 01. hal. 767.

Rahardjo, A. dkk. (2014). Measurement of Tooth Brushing Frequency, Time of Day and Duration of Adults and Children in Jakarta, Indonesia. Jurnal of Dentistry Indonesia. Vol XXI (III). 85-88.

Razeghi, S. dkk. (2020). Impact of Health Promotion Interventions on Early Chilhood Caries Prevention in Children Aged 2-5 Years Receiving Dental Treatment Under General Anesthesia. University of Medical Seciences Tehran Iran.

Ryadi, S.L.A. (2018). Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. Andi: Yogyakarta.

Santyasa W. (2007). Landasan Konseptual Media Pembelajaran. Banjar Angkn Klungkung.

Sujiono, Y. (2012). Konsep Dasar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta: PT Indeks Permata Puri.

Undang-Undang No. 36 tahun 2009 tentang kesehatan.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Yasbiati. dkk. (2017) Strategi Pengembangan Fisik Motorik. Tasikmalaya: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Zulkifli, A. & Putri, A.R. (2020). Aplikasi Diagnosa Penyakit Gigi dan Mulut Menggunakan Metode Forward Chaining. Jurnal of Computer Science. Volume VI (1). 71-80.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpa.v4i1.27204

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 JURNAL PAUD AGAPEDIA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal PAUD AGAPEDIA: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, ISSN: 2580-9679 (online); 2581-2823 (print).


Program Studi PGPAUD 
UPI Kampus Tasikmalaya
Jalan Dadaha No. 18 Kota Tasikmalaya
Telp : (0265) 331860
Hanphone : 085223275336
email: jurnalagapedia@gmail.com