MENSTIMULUS KETERAMPILAN MOTORIK KASAR ANAK MELALUI PERMAINAN TRADISIONAL ENGKLEK DI KELOMPOK B TK ARMAWIYAH 1

Rini Novianti Yusuf, Dede Nurul Qomariah, Siti Hamidah Hamidah

Abstract


Children's motoric skills developed from birth, so they need a continuous stimulated to support the child's growth and development. Traditional games are mentioned as one of the effective ways to stimulate the development of gross motoric skills in children. This study aims to explore how to stimulated children's gross motoric skills through the traditional engklek game. Descriptive research method with a qualitative approach is used in this study. The results showed that simple motion exercises, the directional patting method, the "trench" jump and zigzag line, as well as the gacok forward throwing movement were proven effective ways to stimulated gross motoric skills in children through the traditional engklek game. These four simple ways not only help stimulated gross motoric skills in children, but also make play fun and safe.

 

Keterampilan motorik anak berkembang sejak lahir, sehingga memerlukan stimulus yang berkelanjutan guna mendukung tumbuh kembang anak. Permainan tradisional disebut-sebut sebagai salah satu cara efektif dalam menstimulus perkembangan keterampilan motorik kasar pada anak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi cara menstimulus keterampilan motorik kasar anak melalui permainan tradisional engklek. Metode penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa latihan gerak sederhana, metode tepukan arah, lompat “parit” dan garis zigzag, serta gerakan melempar gacok ke depan merupakan cara yang terbukti efektif dalam menstimulus keterampilan motorik kasar pada anak melalui permainan tradisional engklek. Empat cara sederhana ini tidak hanya membantu menstimulus keterampilan motorik kasar pada anak, tetapi juga mewujudkan permainan yang menyenangkan dan aman.


Keywords


anak usia dini; engklek; motorik kasar; permainan tradisional; stimulus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bilton H. (2010). Outdoor Learning in the Early Years: Management and Innovation. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Routledge.

Bradley, R. H., Caldwell, B. M., Rock, S. L., Ramey, C. T., Barnard, K. E., Gray, C., ... Siegel, L. (1989). Home environment and cognitive development in the first 3 years of life: A collaborative study involving six sites and three ethnic groups in North America. Developmental Psychology, 25(2), 217.

Bronfrenbrenner, U. (1981). The Ecology of Human: Experiment by Nature and Design. United State: Harvard University Press.

Burdette HL and Whitaker RC (2005) Resurrecting free play in young children: looking beyond fitness and fatness to attention, affiliation, and affect. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 159(1): 46–50.

Burns, R. D., Brusseau, T. A., Fu, Y., & Hannon, J. C. (2017). Gross motor skills and cardio-metabolic risk in children: A mediation analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 49, 746–751

Caldwell, B. M., & Bradley, R. H. (1984). Home observation for measurement of the environment. Little Rock, AR: University of Arkansas at Little Rock.

Clark, J. E., & Metcalfe, J. S. (2002). The mountain of motor development: A metaphor. Motor Development: Research and Reviews, 2(6A), 9–12

Fa´bio Saraiva Floˆ res, et.al (2019). Affordances for Motor Skill Development in Home, School, and Sport Environments: A Narrative Review. Perceptual and Motor Skills 0(0) 1–23 DOI: 10.1177/0031512519829271

Factor J (2005). A forgotten pioneer. In: Darian-Smith K and Factor J (eds) Child’s Play: Dorothy Howard and the Folklore of Australian Children. Melbourne, VIC, Australia: Museums Victoria, pp. 1–17.

Fawzia, Aswin Hadis. (2003). Perkembangan Anak Dalam Perspektif Pendidikan Anak USia Dini. Buletin PADU, Vol.2 No. 01, April 2003, ISSN 1693-1947.

Fjørtoft I (2000) The natural environment as a playground for children: the impact of outdoor play activities in pre-primary school children. Early Childhood Education Journal 29(2): 111–117.

Gabbard C (1998) Windows of opportunity for early brain and motor development. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance 69(8): 54–61.

Ghony, M Djunaidi dan Fauzan Almansyur. (2012). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Yogyakarta. Ar-Ruzz Media.

Hannaford C (1995). Smart Moves: Why Learning Is Not All in Your Head. Arlington, VA : Great Ocean Publishers.

Howard D (2005). Folklore of Australian children (1955). In: Darian-Smith K and Factor J (eds) Child’s Play: Dorothy Howard and the Folklore of Australian Children. Melbourne, VIC, Australia: Museums Victoria, pp. 41–47

Iswinarti, (2015). Pengaruh Permainan Tradisional Melalui Metode Experiential Learning Terhadap Kompetensi Sosial Anak Usia Sekolah. PhD Thesis, Gadjah Mada University, Sleman, Indonesia, pp. 27–114

Jenson E (2000). Learning with the Body in Mind. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Khadijah dan Nurul Amelia, (2020). Perkembangan Fisik-Motorik Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta: Kencana.

Koçyiğit S, Nur Tuğluk M and Kök M (2007). Çocuğun Gelişim Sürecinde eğitsel bir etkinlik olarak oyun. Kazım Karabekir Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 16(1): 324–342.

Kovačevič T and Opić S (2014) Contribution of traditional games to the quality of students’ relations and frequency of students’ socialization in primary education. Croatian Journal of Education 16(1): 95–112

Kuh LP, Ponte I and Chau C (2013) The impact of a natural playscape installation on young children’s play behaviors. Children, Youth and Environments 23(2): 49–77.

Kurniati, (2016). Permainan Tradisional dan Perannya dalam Mengembangkan Keterampilan Sosial Anak. Jakarta: Prenada Group.

Louth S and Jamieson-Proctor R (2019) Inclusion and engagement through traditional indigenous games: Enhancing physical self-efficacy. International Journal of Inclusive Education 23(12): 1248–1262.

Maynard T, Waters J and Clement J (2013) Moving outdoors: further explorations of “child-initiated” learning in the outdoor environment. Education 3–13 41(3): 282–299.

Nicholson S (1971) How not to cheat children: the theory of loose parts. Landscape Architecture 62: 30–34.

Ouvry M (2003) Exercising Muscles and Minds: Outdoor Play and the Early Years Curriculum. London: National Early Years Network.

Pramanik R and Bhattacharya S (2018) Play and indigenous games of children: A cultural heritage of western Odisha, India. Knowledge Culture 6(2): 96–110.

Rizki Yulita, (2017). Permainan Tradisional Anak Nusantara. Jakarta Timur: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa.

Rubin KH (2001). The Play Observation Scale (POS). College Park, MD: Center for Children, Relationships, and Culture, University of Maryland.

Santrock. (2003). Adolescence. Terjemahan: Adelar dan Saragih. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sibel Balci & Berat Ahi. (2017). Mind the gap! Differences between parents’ childhood games and their children’s game preferences. Contemporary Issues in Early Childhood 2017, Vol. 18(4) 434–442 DOI: 10.1177/1463949117742788

Sierra J and Kaminski R (1995). Children’s Traditional Games: Games from 137 Countries and Cultures. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.

Sri Mulyani, (2013). Permainan Tradisional Anak Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Langensari Publishing.

Sujarno, Galba S, Larasati TA, et al. (2013). Pemanfaatan Permainan Tradisional Dalam Pembentukan Karakter Anak. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya.

Sukandiyanto, (2005). Pengantar Teori dan Metodologi Fisik. Bandung: Lubuk Agung.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian pendidikan: Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Swarup Mukherjee, et.al., (2017). Fundamental Motor Skill Proficiency of 6- to 9-Year-Old Singaporean Children. Perceptual and Motor Skills 0(0) 1–17 DOI: 10.1177/0031512517703005

Williams, H. G., Pfeiffer, K. A., O’Neill, J. R., Dowda, M., McIver, K. L., Brown, W. H., & Pate, R. R. (2008). Motor skill performance and physical activity in preschool children. Obesity, 16(6), 1421–1426; doi:10.1038/oby.2008.214




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpa.v6i1.48059

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 JURNAL PAUD AGAPEDIA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal PAUD AGAPEDIA: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, ISSN: 2580-9679 (online); 2581-2823 (print).


Program Studi PGPAUD 
UPI Kampus Tasikmalaya
Jalan Dadaha No. 18 Kota Tasikmalaya
Telp : (0265) 331860
email: jurnalagapedia@gmail.com