PENDIDIKAN DAN PELATIHAN MODEL PENILAIAN KETERAMPILAN BERBAHASA SUNDA BAGI GURU BAHASA SUNDA

Usep Kuswari

Abstract


Dalam implementasi Kuriklum 2013, banyak kendala atau masalah yang dihadapi oleh guru, terutama berkaitan dengan standar penilaian. Guru masih tetap berpola pada sistem penilaian hasil belajar bahasa Sunda berdasarkan teori penilaian secara umum bukan teori penilaian bahasa. Dalam rangka menyelesaikan masalah dan kendala tersebut, telah dihasilkan s penlitian model penilaian keterampilan berbahasa Sunda berbasis literasi, yang menghasilkan sebuah pedoman penilaian pembelajaran bahasa Sunda. Hasil penelitian akan diimplementasikan kepadan guru-guru bahasa Sunda di SMP Kabupaten Bandung Barat yang sekolahnya ditunjuk sebagai sekola  percobaan Kurikulum 2013.  Target dari hasil program pengabdian ini diharapkan para guru bahasa Sunda memiliki kemampuan dan  keterampilan dalam pengembangan dan penyusunan perangkat model penilaian keterampilan berbahasa Sunda berbasis literasi dan otentik. Indikator tersebut didukung oleh adanya peningkatan kemampuan dalam konsep model-model penilaian, perangkat penilaian menyimak, berbicara, membaca, dan menulis sesuai dengan hasil penelitian dan tuntutan standar penilaian.  Hasil akhir dari program pengabdian ini diharapkan guru bidang bahasa dan sastra Sunda memeiliki  kemampuan dan keterampilan dalam (1) menyusun perangkat penilaian berbahasa Sunda; (2) melaksanakan penilaian berbahasa Sunda;  dan (3) melaporkan hasil penilaian kegiatan belajar mengajar. Akhirnya, semua hasil pengabdian ini, akan diupayakan untuk dipublikasikan  ke dalam jurnal supaya bisa dimanfaatkan oleh pihak yang memerlukan.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bachman, L.F. (1990). Fundamental considerations in language testing. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.

Bachman, L.F, and A.S. Palmer, 1981a, ‘Basic concerns in test validation’. in Read. J.A.S. (ed.), Directions in Language Testing, SEAMEO Reagional Language Centre. 1981a:41-57

Balitbang Dikbud. 1984. Pedoman Penilaian dalam Kurikulum 2004. Jakarta.

Bolt, D.M., Cohen, A.S., & Wollack, J.A. (2001). A mixure item response model for

multiple-choice data. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 381-

Borg, W.R., & Gall, M.D. (1983). Educational research: An introduction. (4th ed).New York & London: Longman.

Brinkerhoff, R.O., Brethower, D.M., Hluchyj, T., et al. (1983). Program evaluation:

A practitioner’s guide for trainers and educators. Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing.

Brown, H.D. (1987). Principles of language learning and teaching. (2nd ed). London: Printice-Hall Inc.

Brown, D.J. (1990). Decentralization and school-based management. London: Taylor & Francis (Prenters) Ltd.

Brown, H.D. (2000). Principle of language learning and teaching. (4th ed). San Fransisco: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Brown, H.D. (2001). Teaching by principles: An active approach to language pedagogy. (2nd ed). San Francisco: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Brown, H.D. (2004). Language assessment: Principle and classroom practices. NewYork: Longman, Pearson Education, Inc.

Brindley, G., 1986, The assessment of second language proficiency: issues and approaches, National Curriculum Resource Centre, Adult Migrant Education Program Australia.

Bygate, M,. 1987, Speaking, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cahyono, B.Y. (1996). Development and application of content-based summarizing teachnique in reading instruction. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 3, 27-36.

Caldwell, B.J., & Spinks, J.M. (1992). Leading the self managing school. London: The Falmer Press.

Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Teaching English as a second or foreign language. (3rd ed). New York: Heinle and Heinle.

Clapham, C. (1996). The development of IELTS: A study of the effect of background knowledge on reading comprehension. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Clark, D. (1997). Implementing the Kirkpatrick evaluation model plus: Five levels of evaluation enable continuous improvement. Diambil dari Instructional System

Campbell, R,. and R. and R.Wales, 1970, ‘The study of language education’, in Lyoms J. (ed.), 1970, New horizons in linguistics, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 242-60

Canale, M. and M. Swain, 1980, ‘Theorotical basis of communicative approaches to second language teaching and testing’, Applied Linguistics, I: 1-47

Carroll, B.J., 1980b, Testing communicative performance: an interim study, Oxford: Pergamon.

Chaplen, E.F. 1970. “Oral examinations, in Centre for Information on Language Testing and Research, Examination Modern Languages. London: CILT and Committee on Research and Development in Modern Languages.

Cohen, A., 1985, ‘On taking language test: what the students report’, Language Testing, 1/1:70-81.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (1996). Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. (2005). Petunjuk teknis monitoring dan evaluasi. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

Djemari Mardapi. (2000). Evaluasi pendidikan. Makalah disampaikan pada Konvensi Pendidikan Nasional tanggal 19–23 September 2000 di Universitas Negeri

Jakarta.

Douglas, D. and L.Selinker, 1985, ‘Principles for language tests withim the “discourse domains” theory of interlanguage: research, test construction and interpretation’, Language Testing, 2/2: 205-26.

Ellis, R. (2005). Principles of instructed language learning. Diambil pada tanggal 9 Agustus 2006, dari file://F:Principles of Instructed Language Learning Rod Ellis.htm.

Ghani, A.R.A., Hari, S., & Suyanto. (Ed). (2006). Evaluasi pendidikan: Konsep dan aplikasi. Jakarta: UHAMKA Press.

Hughes, A. (2003). Testing for language teahers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hulin, C.L., Drasgrow, F., & Parsons, C. (1983). Item response theory: Application to

psychological measurement. Homewood, Illinois: Dow Jones-Irwin.

Hughes, A., 1989, Testing for language teachers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ingram, E., 1977, ‘Basic concepts in testing’, Allen, J.P.B. and A. Davies (eds.), 1977: 11-37.

Jakobovits, L.A., 1970, Foreign language learning: a psychologistic analysis of the issues, Rowley, Mass,: Newbury House.

Johnson, D.W. & Johnson, R.T. (2002). Meaningful assessment: A manageable and cooperative process. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Kelly, R., 1978. On the construct validation of comprehension tests: an exercise in applied linguistics, pHD thesis, University of Queensland.

Kirkpartrick, D.L. (1998). Evaluating training programs: The four levels. (2nd ed). San Fransisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, I

Lado, R., 1961, Language testing: the construction and use of foreign language tests, London: Longman.

Larson, R.L. (1972). Process or product: The evaluation of teaching or the evaluation of learning. Diambil pada tanggal 9 september 2006 dari file://F: Process or Product: The Evaluation of Teching or the Evaluation of Learning.htm.

Levine, R.A., Solomon, M.A., Hellstern, G.M, et al. (1981). Evaluation research and practice: Comparative and international perspectives. Beverly Hills: SagePublications.

Littelewood, W. (1984). Communicative language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lynch, B.K. (1996). Language program evaluation: Theory and practice.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Madaus, G., Scriven, M.S., & Stafflebeam, D.L. (1986). Evaluation models: Viewpoints on educational and human services evaluation. Boston: Kluwer- Nijhoff Publishing.

Mann, G. (2004). An evaluation approach towards feedback “betterment” in an initial teacher training in EFL. Diambil pada tanggal 9 Agustus 2006 dari file://F: An Evaluation Approach.htm.

Mazzei, L.A. (2004). Silent Listening: Deconstructive practices in discourse-based

research. Journal of American Educational Research Association,33, 26-33.

McDonald, R.P. (1999). Test theory: A unified treatment. Mahwa, N.J: Lawrence Erlbaum Association, Publishers.

Mehrens, W.A. & Lehmann, I.J. (1973). Measurement and evaluation: An education and psychology. New York: Holt, Rinehart and winston, Inc.

Miles, M.B. & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. New York: SAGE Publications.

Ming-Chung Yu. (2006). On the teaching of L2 sosiolinguistic competence in classroom settings. Diambil pada tanggal 8 September 2006, dari file://F:Asian EFL Journal English Language Teaching and Research Articles.htm.

Morse, J.M. (1994). Critical issues in qualitative research methods. London: Sage Publications.

Mueller, R. O. (1996). Basic principles of structural equation modeling: An introduction to lisrel and EQS. New York: Springer.

Moller, A.D., 1982b, A study in the validation of proficiency tests of English as a Foreign Language, PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh.

Morrow, K.E., 1977, Techniques of evalution for a national syllabus, London: Royal Society of Arts.

Morrow, K.E., 1979. ‘Communicative language testing: revolution or evolution’, in Brumfit, C.J. and K. Johnson (eds.), 1979: 143-58

Naugle, K.A. (2000) . Kirkpatrick's evaluation model as a means of evaluating teacher performance. Diambil pada tanggal 15 November 2005, dari http://www. findarticles.com/p/articles.

Nunan, D. (1992). Research methods in language learning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

O’Malley, J.M. & Pierce, L.V. (1996). Authentic assessment for English language learners: Practical approaches for teachers. New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Owen, R.E. (1992). Language development: An introduction. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company Inc.

Oller, J.W., 1979, Language tests at schools, London: Longman.

Oller, J.W. & K. Perkins (eds.), 1980, Research in language testing, Rowley, Mass : Newbury House.

Oller, J.W. (ed.) 1983. Issues in Language Testing Reseacrh Rowley, Mass : Newbury House.

Palmer, A.S., 1981, ‘Measurements of reliability and validity of two picture-descriptions tests of oral communication’, in Palmer, A.S. et al. (eds.), 1981: 127-39.

Patton, M.Q. (1978). Utilization-focused evaluation. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesi nomor 19 tahun 2005 tentang Standar

Nasional Pendidikan.

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional nomor 23 tahun 2006 tanggal 23 Mei 2006 tentang standar kompetensi lulusan (SKL).

Phillips, J.J. (1991). Handbook of training evaluation and measurement methods. Houson: Gulf Publishing Company.

Popham, W.J. (1995). Classroom assessments: What teachers need to know. Toronto: Allyn Bacon.

Porter, D., A. Hughes and C. Weir (eds.), 1988, Validating the ELTS tests: a critical review, Cambridge: British Council and UCLES.

Purpura, J.E. (1999). Leaner strategy use and performance on language tests: A structural equation modeling approach. Cambridge: The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge.

Rea, PM, 1978. “Assessing Language as Communications”, MALS Journal, New Series No. 3, University og Birmingham.

Rea-Dickins, P. & Germaine, K.P. (1998). Managing evaluation and innovation in language teaching: Building bridges. London: Longman.

Richards, J.C. & Renandya, W.A. (2002). Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richards, J.C. (2006). Curriculum development in language teaching. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rist, R.C. (1994). Influencing the policy process with qualitative research in handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Samana, A. (1994). Profesionalisme keguruan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Sanders, J.R. & Sullins, C.D. (2006). Evaluating school programs. (3rd ed). Thousand

Oaks: Corwin Press.

Saukah, A. (1998). Evaluation of pre-departure English training program. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, Jilid 5, Nomor Suplemen, 68-83.

Saukah, A. (2000). The English profeciency of the academics of the teacher training and education institutions. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 7, 67-76.

Sawyer, R.K. (2004). Creative teaching: Collaborave discussion as disciplined improvisation. Journal of American Education Research Association, Volume 33, Number 2, 12-19. Scheaffer, R.L.

Mendenhall III, W., & Ott, L. (1996). Elementary survey sampling, fifth edition. New York: Duxbury Press.

Schmitt, N. & McCarthy, M. (2000). Vocabulary description, acquisition and pedagogy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Scholes, R. (2003). Learning and teaching. Diambil dari sumber File://EKumpulan Jurnal Learning and Teaching.htm. @ 2003 by the Associstion of Department of English. All Rights Reserved. ADE Bulletin 134-135 (Spring-Fall 2003): 11-16.

Skehan, P., 1987. ‘Variability and language testing’, in R. Ellis (ed.), 1987, Second language acquistion in context, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Solomun. (2002). Structural equation modeling (SEM) Lisrel dan Amos. Malang: Fakultas MIPA Universitas Brawijaya.

Sparks, R.L., Patton, J., Javorsky, et al. (2006). Native language predictors of foreign language proficiency and foreign language aptitude. Diambila pada tanggal 5 November, 2006 dari Sumber: Annals of Dyslexia; Jun 2006; 56, 1; Proquest

Education Journals pg. 129.

Spolky, B. 1970. “Language testing: art or science”, paper read at the Fourth Internasional Congress of Applied Linguistics, Stuugart: HochSchul Verlag, Germany.

Stern, H. (1983). Fundamental concept of language teaching. London: Oxford University Press.

Stevanson, D.K., 1985b, ‘Pop validity and peformance testing’, in Lee, Y.P. et al. (eds.). 1985: 111-18.

Stronge, J.H. (2006). Evaluating teaching. London: Corwin Press.

Stufflebeam, L.D. & Shrinkfield, J. (1985). Systematic evaluation: A self–instructional guide to theory and practice. New York: Kluwer Nijhoff Publishing.

Swain, M., 1985, ‘Large-scale communicative language testing: a case study’. in Lee, Y.P. et al. (eds.), 1985: 35-146.

Tudiver, F., Bass, M.J., Dunn, E.V., et al. (1992). Assessing interventions: Traditional and innovative methods. New York: Sage Publication.

Tudiver, F., Bass, M.J., Dunn, E.V., et al. (2006). Teaching and learning English more effectively. Diambil pada tanggal 29 April 2006, dari file://F:Teaching & Learning English More Effectively.htm.

Valette, R.M., 1977, Modern language testing (second edition), New York : Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich.

Cliff.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats