DARI AKSI HINGGA PESTA DEMOKRASI: DINAMIKA PARTAI RAKYAT DEMOKRATIK MENUJU PEMILU (1996-1999)

Cahyo Susilo

Abstract


This research illustrated the historical event in Indonesia, especially in 1990s period. The study examined the development of People Democratic Party as one of the political parties in the New Order regime. This research-based on the author’s interest in the pro-democracy movement’s widespread in Indonesia, evidenced by the resistance movement of peoples, in this case, is the People Democratic Party. The study aimed to identify programs and strategies of the People Democratic Party to build a pro-democracy movement in the 1996-1999 period. The author used the historical method. People Democratic Party was one of the political party which develop at that time and had a political movement to subvert a New Order regime. People Democratic Party often referred to as a radical political party, because of the political program that confronted the New Order regime namely to eliminate the Indonesian National Armed Forces
Dual function, to eliminate a five-pack of Political Act and Timor-Timur referendum. The impact, People Democratic Party regarded as a forbidden party and accused as the actor behind July 27th 1996 tragedy. After the tragedy, the People Democratic Party arose with people’s committees. The four elements of People Democratic Party namely (1) the urban poor, (2) workers, (3) youth people, (4) PDI-Megawati supporters. After 1998 Reformation, People Democratic Party declared as a legal party and has participated as a contestant of 1999 electoral. People Democratic Party argued that the Electoral system is a moment for campaigning political programs. Several things
in the campaign was about amnesty for political prisoners, completion of Civil Rights violation cases, and people’s political rights.


Keywords


People Democratic Party, People’s Committees, 1999 Electoral.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hamid, Abd.R & Madjid, M.S. (2011b).

Pengantar Ilmu Sejarah. Yogyakarta:

Penerbit Ombak.

Ismaun. (2005). Sejarah Sebagai Ilmu.

Bandung: Historia Utama Press.

Kasenda, P. (2015). Hari-Hari Terakhir

Orde Baru. Depok: Komunitas Bambu.

Lane, M. (2014). Unfinished Nation:

Ingatan Revolusi Aksi Massa dalam

Sejarah Indonesia. Jakarta: Djaman

Baroe.

Miftahuddin. (2004). Radikalisasi

Pemuda : PRD Melawan Tirani.

Jakarta: Penerbit Desantara.

Priyono, A.E. (Penyunting). (2001). Aktor

Demokrasi: Catatan Tentang Gerakan

Perlawanan di Indonesia. Institut Studi

Arus Informasi (ISAI): Jakarta.

Robinson, R & Hadiz, V.R. (2004).

Reorganising Power in Indonesia: The

Politicts of Oligarchy in Age of Market.

London: Routledge Curzon.

Sjamsudin, H. (2012). Metodologi Sejarah.

Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Tempo. (2013). Seri Buku Tempo Wiji

Thukul: Teka-teki Orang Hilang.

Jakarta: Penerbit KPG.

Artikel dalam Jurnal & Skripsi

Argenti, G. (2016). Transformasi Gerakan

Sosial Ke Partai Politik Kiprah Politik

Partai Rakyat Demokratik Di Masa

Reformasi. Jurnal Wacana Politik.

Vol.1 (2). Hlm. 122-136.

Rahmat, A,A. (2013). Peristiwa 27 Juli

(Konflik dalam Partai Demokrasi

Indonesia Antara Kubu Megawati

dengan Kubu Soerjadi). Factum:

Jurnal Sejarah dan Pendidikan Sejarah.

Vol.2 No.2. Hlm.1.

Cahyo, M. S.S.S.D. (2016). Ideologi

Sosialisme Indonesia Prespektif Partai

Rakyat Demokratik : Komite Pimpinan

Wilayah PRD Lampung Tahun 2010-

Skripsi. Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan

Ilmu Politik, Universitas Lampung,

Bandar Lampung.

Surat Kabar dan Artikel Internet

ABRI. (1998, 20 Januari). “Polisi Buru

Perancang Bom Di Tanah Tinggi”.

ABRI, hlm. 1.

Berita Yudha. (1998, 21 Januari). “Bom

Rakitan Tidak Mungkin Hancurkan

Gedung”. Berita Yudha, hlm. 4.

Chist. (1999, 21-27 April). “Massa PRD

Menyongsong Pemilu”. Tabloid Adil.

Hlm.6-7.

Herin, S. (1999, Februari-Maret).

“Kekuatan Pro-Demokrasi Harus

Bersatu”. Majalah Siaga Edisi 4 Tahun

Kompas. (1999, 8 April). “Napol PRD

Tuntut Pemilu Jurdil dengan Mogok

Makan”. Kompas, hlm. 4.

Kompas. (1999, 8 April). “Akibat Menolak

Pemilu di Timtim, Mendagri Protes

PRD”. Kompas, hlm. 8.

Media Indonesia. (1999, 20 Mei). “Banyak

Partai Kekurangan Dana”. Media

Indonesia, hlm. 2.

Pikiran Rakyat. (1999b, 28 Mei). “Mengapa

PRD Ikut Pemilu?”. Pikiran Rakyat,

hlm. 10.

Republika. (1999,13 April ). “Gara-gara

Aksi Mogok Makan, Sejumlah Aktivis

PRD Terpaksa Dilarikan ke RS Polri”.

Republika, hlm. 4.

Kontras. (2009). Kasus Penculikan dan

Penghilangan Paksa, Riwayatmu

Kini?. [Online]. Diakses dari https://

www.KontraS.org/data/kertas%20posisi%20singkat%20Penculikan%20

-2009.pdf

Wawancara Perseorangan

Hakim, Lukman. Wawancara Pribadi. 14

Februari 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/factum.v8i1.20103

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.