Dirac Particles Emission from An Elliptical Black Hole

Yuant Tiandho


According to the general theory of relativiy, a black hole is defined as a region of spacetime with super-strong gravitational effects and there is nothing can escape from it. So in the classical theory of relativity, it is safe to say that black hole is a "dead" thermodynamical object. However, by using quantum mechanics theory, Hawking has shown that a black hole may emit particles. In this paper, calculation of temperature of an elliptical black hole when emitting the Dirac particles was presented. By using the complexpath method, radiation can be described as emission process in the tunneling pictures. According to relationship between probability of outgoing particle with the spectrum of black body radiation for fermion particles, temperature of the elliptical black hole can be obtained and it depend on the azimuthal angle. This result also showed that condition on the surface of elliptical black hole is not in thermal equilibrium.


Elliptical black hole; Hawking radiation; Dirac Particles Emission

Full Text:



Ding, H., & Liu, W. B. (2011). Hawking radiation from a Vaidya black hole by Hamilton-Jacobi method. Frontiers of physics in china, 6(1), 106-108.

Hawking, S. W. (1974). Black hole explosions. Nature, 248(5443), 30-31.

Hawking, S. W. (1975). Particle creation by black holes. Communications in mathematical physics, 43(3), 199-220.

Kai, L., & Shu-Zheng, Y. (2009). A new method of researching fermion tunneling from the Vaidya–Bonner de Sitter black hole. Chinese physics B, 18(6), 2154.

Kerner, R., & Mann, R. B. (2008). Charged fermions tunnelling from Kerr–Newman black holes. Physics letters B, 665(4), 277-283.

Li, X. Q., & Chen, G. R. (2015). Massive vector particles tunneling from Kerr and Kerr–Newman black holes. Physics letters B, 751, 34-38.

Ma, Z. Z. (2008). Hawking temperature of Kerr–Newman–AdS black hole from tunneling. Physics letters B, 666(4), 376-381.

Nikouravan, B., & Rawal, J. J. (2011). Behavior of elliptical objects in general theory of relativity. Small, 2(2), 2.

Nikouravan, B., Ibrahim, K. N., Abdullah, W. W., & Sukma, I. (2013). Reissner-Nordstrom solution for non-rotating elliptical charged celestial objects. Advanced studies in theoretical physics, 7(24), 1231-1234.

Siahaan, H. M., & Triyanta. (2010). Semiclassical methods for Hawking radiation from a Vaidya black hole. International journal of modern physics A, 25(01), 145-153.

Tiandho, Y. (2016). Dirac particles emission from Reissner-Nordstrom-Vaidya Black Hole. Journal of physics: Conference series, 739 (1), 012146.

Triyanta, T., & Bowaire, A. N. (2013). Hawking temperature of the Reissner-Nordstrom-Vaidya Black Hole. Journal of mathematical and fundamental sciences, 45(2), 114-123.

Umetsu, K. (2010). Hawking radiation from Kerr–Newman black hole and tunneling mechanism. International journal of modern physics A, 25(21), 4123-4140.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ijost.v2i1.5988


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology is published by UPI.
StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter
View My Stats