TOLERANSI BERAGAMA PADA SISWA SMA: HUBUNGAN ANTARA INTELLECTUAL HUMILITY DAN TOLERANSI BERAGAMA

Soraya Arifianti, Eva Septiana

Abstract


Abstract

Nowadays, various surveys have found a tendency of religious intolerance in educational institutions, especially high schools. The tendency of religious intolerance includes practices, views, and opinions. This indication is feared to develop into radical tendencies and actions. Recent research also shows the significance of intellectual humility as a virtue to promote positive attitudes such as religious tolerance. This study aims to determine the relationship between intellectual humility (IH) with religious tolerance in high school students. The research approach used is quantitative with the correlation method. The number of participants in the study was 365 students who were determined through convenient sampling. Instruments used in this study are Religious Tolerance Measurement and Comprehensive Intellectual Humility Scale (CIHS). The results showed that there was a significant positive correlation between IH and religious tolerance (r = .13, p smaller than 0.05). These results indicate that the level of correlation that occurs between Intellectual Humility and students' religious tolerance is low. This means that even though the two variables are related, the increase in the IH score in students only slightly increases the value of religious tolerance in students. 

Abstrak

Dewasa ini, berbagai survei menemukan kecenderungan intoleransi beragama di institusi pendidikan, terutama SMA. Kecenderungan intoleransi beragama tersebut meliputi praktik, pandangan, dan opini. Jika dibiarkan, indikasi tersebut dikhawatirkan berkembang menjadi sikap dan aksi radikal. Beberapa penelitian terbaru menunjukkan bahwa intellectual humility mempengaruhi toleransi beragama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara intellectual humility (IH) dengan toleransi beragama pada siswa SMA. Pendekatan penelitian yang dipergunakan adalah kuantitatif dengan metode korelasi. Partisipan penelitian berjumlah  365 orang siswa yang ditentukan melalui convenient sampling. Alat ukur yang digunakan Religious Tolerance Measurement dan Comprehensive Intellectual Humility Scale (CIHS). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat korelasi positif yang signifikan antara IH dan toleransi beragama (r=,13, p lebih kecil dari 0,05). Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa pada dasarnya tingkat korelasi yang terjadi antara Intellectual Humility dan toleransi beragama siswa rendah. Artinya, meskipun kedua variabel tersebut berhubungan, kenaikan nilai IH pada siswa hanya sedikit menaikkan nilai toleransi beragama pada siswa.

 


Keywords


high school students, religious tolerance, intellectual humility. Kata kunci: toleransi beragama, intellectual humility, siswa sekolah menengah atas

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, N. B. B., Mursalim, Untung, Muslim. A. A., Jamzani. I. (2017). Pendidikan Kebinekaan pada Satuan Pendidikan Menengah. Pusat Penelitian Kebijakan Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Balitbang, Kemendikbud.

Aronson, E., Wilson, T., & Akert, R. (2005). Social Psychology. Pearson Education.

Balint, P. (2011). Education for Tolerance. Dalam E.B. Coleman & K. White (Eds.). Religious tolerance, education, and the curriculum (pp. 41–51). Sense Publishers.

Church, I., & Samuelson, P. (2016). Intellectual humility: An introduction to the philosophy and science. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Davis, D. E., Worthington Jr, E. L., Hook, J. N., Emmons, R. A., Hill, P. C., Bollinger, R. A., & Van Tongeren, D. R. (2013). Humility and the development and repair of social bonds: Two longitudinal studies. Self and Identity, 12(1), 58-77. https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2011.636509

Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., & Solomon, S. (1986). The causesand consequences of a need for self-esteem: A terror managementtheory. In R. F. Baumeister (Ed.), Public self and private self (pp. 189-212). New York: Springer-Verlag.

Hook, J. N., Davis, D. E., Owen, J., Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Utsey, S. O. (2013). Cultural humility: Measuring openness to culturally diverse clients. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60(3), 353–366. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0032595

Hook, J. N., Davis, D. E., Van Tongeren, D. R., Hill, P. C., Worthington Jr, E. L., Farrell, J. E., & Dieke, P. (2015). Intellectual humility and forgiveness of religious leaders. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(6), 499–506. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2015.1004554

Hook, J. N., Farrell, J. E., Johnson, K. A., Van Tongeren, D. R., Davis, D. E., & Aten, J. D. (2016). Intellectual humility and religious tolerance. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 12(1), 29-35.

Hopkin, C. R., Hoyle, R. H., & Toner, K. (2014). Intellectual humility and reactions to opinions about religious beliefs. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42, 50–61. https://doi.org/10.1177/009164711404200106

Krumrei-Mancuso, E. J., & Rouse, S. V. (2016). The development and validation of the Comprehensive Intellectual Humility Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 98, 209-221. doi:10.1080/00223891.2015.1068174

Leary, M. R., Diebels, K. J., Davisson, E. K., Jongman-Sereno, K. P., Isherwood, J. C., Raimi, K. T., Samantha, A. D., & Hoyle, R. H. (2017). Cognitive and interpersonal features of intellectual humility. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43(6), 793–813. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167217697695

Nugraheny, D.E. (2019). Komnas HAM: Kecenderungan Sikap Intoleransi Menguat di Kalangan Anak Muda Terdidik. Kompas.com, News/Nasional. Retrieved from https://nasional.kompas. com/read/2019/11/15/18195711/komnas-ham-kecenderungan-sikap-intoleransi-menguat-di-kalangan-anak-muda?page=all

Putnam, R. D., & Campbell, D. E. (2012). American Grace: How Religion Divides Us and Unites Us. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Quinn, P. L. (2002). Epistemology in philosophy of religion. Dalam P. K. Moser (Ed.), The oxford handbook of epistemology (pp. 513–538). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Raihani. (2011). A whole-school approach: A proposal for education for tolerance in Indonesia. Theory and Research in Education, 9(1), 23-39. https://doi.org/ 10.1177/147787851039480

Rodriguez, D., Hook, J. N., Farrell, J. E., Mosher, D. K., Zhang, H., Van Tongeren, D. R., ... & Hill, P. C. (2019). Religious intellectual humility, attitude change, and closeness following religious disagreement. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 14(2), 133-140.

Setara Institute. (2016). Laporan Survei Toleransi Siswa SMA Negeri di Jakarta & Bandung Raya. Diambil dari website Setara Institute. http://setara-institute.org/laporan-survei-status-toleransi-siswa-sma-di-jakarta-dan-bandung-raya/

Setara Institute. (2018). Press Release Indeks Kota Toleran (IKT) Tahun 2018 Setara Institute for Democracy and Peace. Diambil dari website Setara Institute: http://setara-institute.org/indeks-kota-toleran-ikt-tahun-2018/

Vail, K. E., III, Rothschild, Z. K., Weise, D. R., Solomon, S., Pyszczynski, T., & Greenberg, J. (2010). A terror management analysis of the psychological function of religion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14 , 84–94.

Van Tongeren, D. R., Stafford, J., Hook, J. N., Green, J. D., Davis, D. E., & Johnson, K. A. (2016). Humility attenuates negative attitudes and behaviors toward religious out-group members. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(2), 199-208.

Woodruff, E., Van Tongeren, D. R., McElroy, S., Davis, D. E., & Hook, J. N. (2014). Humility and religion: Benefits, difficulties, and a model of religious tolerance. Dalam Religion and spirituality across cultures (pp. 271-285). Springer, Dordrecht.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/insight.v5i1.34246

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


JURNAL PSIKOLOGI INSIGHT: is published by Department of Psychology UPI Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

 Lisensi Creative Commons

JURNAL PSIKOLOGI INSIGHT of Indonesia University of Education disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.
Berdasarkan ciptaan pada http://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/insight/.