Cover Image

Analyzing Student’s Problem Solving Abilities of Direct Current Electricity in STEM-based Learning

Rany Apriyani, Taufik Ramlan Ramalis, Irma Rahma Suwarma


This research has been conducted to analyze students' problem-solving abilities in direct current electricity in STEM-based learning. The implementation of STEM in this research is to train the domain of scientific practices and engineering practices that are associated with model problems and project-based learning. The research method used was pre-experiment with the design of one group pretest-posttest. The subjects of the research consist of 27 students at the 10th grade of one of the Vocational Schools in Kabupaten Bandung Barat. The instrument of problem-solving ability in this study are four structured description questions, each of which consists of 5 questions, indicators of problem-solving ability, namely visualize the problem, describe the problem in physics description, plan the solution, execute the plan, and check and evaluate. As a result of the research, it was found that there was an increase in students' problem-solving abilities with the application of the integration model problem and project-based learning in STEM-based learning.

Full Text:

Download PDF


Adolphus, T., Alamina, J., & Aderonmu, T. (2013). The Effects of Collaborative Learning on Problem Solving Abilities among Senior Secondary School Physics Students in Simple Harmonic Motion. Journal of Education dan Practice, 5(25). 95-11.

Argau, A. S., Haile, B. B., Ayale, B. T., & Kuma, S. G. (2017). The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Instruction on Students’ Motivation and Problem Solving Skills of Physics. EURASIA Journal of Mathematics Science and Technology Education, 13(3). 857-871.

Arifuddin, M., Mastuang, & Mahardika, A. I. (2017). Improving Problem Solving Skill in Physics through Argumentation Strategy in Direct Instruction Model. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 35(3), 348-353.

Awad, N., & Barak, M. (2014). Sound, Waves and Communication: Students’ Achievements and Motivation in Learning a STEM-Oriented Program. Creative Education, 5, 1959-1968.

Berry, M., Chalmers, C., & Chandra, V. (2012). STEM Futures and Practice, Can We Teach STEM in a More Meaningful and Integrated Way? 2nd International STEM in Education Conference. Brisben Australia: Queensland University of Technology.

ChanLin, L.-J. (2008). Technology integration applied to project-based learning in Science. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 45(1), 55-65.

Ferreira, M.M. & Trudel, A.R. (2012). The impact of problem based learning on student attitude toward science, problem solving skill and sense of community in the classroom. Journal of classroom interaction, 47(1). 23-30.

Gilmore, M.W. (2013). Improvement of STEM Educatiom: Experiential Learning is the Key. Modern Chemistry and Applications, 1(3), 1-3.

Hake, R. R. (1999). Analyzing change/gain scores. Unpublished.[online] URL: http://www. physics. indiana. edu/~ sdi/AnalyzingChange-Gain. pdf.

Heller, K., & Heller, P. (2010). Cooperative problem solving in physics a user’s manual. Unpublished.[online] URL: http://www. aapt. org/Conferences/newfaculty/upload/Coop-Problem-Solving-Guide. pdf.

Jua, S. K. (2018). The profile of students’ problem-solving skill in physics across interest program in the secondary school. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1022(1), 012027.

Kapila, V. & Iskander, M. (2014). Lessons learned from conducting a K-12 project to revitalize achievement by using instrumentation in Science Education. Journal of STEM Education, 15(1), 46-51.

Kemendikbud. (2016). Minister of Education and Culture Regulation number 21 of 2017 concerning the contents of Primary and Secondary Education Standards. Jakarta: Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Li, Y., Huang, Z., Jiang, M., & Chang, T. W. (2016). The Effect on Pupils' Science Performance and Problem-Solving Ability through Lego: An Engineering Design-based Modeling Approach. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 19(3).

Mughal, F., & Zafar, A. (2011). Experiential learning from a constructivist perspective: Reconceptualizing the Kolbian cycle. International Journal of Learning and Development, 1(2), 27-37.

National Research Council. (2011). A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington DC: The National Academies Press.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2014). PISA 2012 Result: Creative Problem Solving: Students Skills in Tackling Real Life Problems (Volume V). PISA: OECD Publishing.

Patnani, M. (2015). Upaya meningkatkan kemampuan problem solving pada mahasiswa. Journal Psikogenesis, 1(2), 130-142.

Prima, E. C., & Kaniawati, I. (2011). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning dengan Pendekatan Inkuiri untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Penguasaan Konsep Elastisitas pada Siswa SMA. Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA, 16(1), 179-184.

Pacific Policy Research Center. (2010). 21st Century Skills for Students and Teachers. Honolulu: Kamehameha Schools, Research & Evaluation Division.

Permanasari, A. (2016). STEM Education: Inovasi dalam Pembelajaran Sains. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Sains, 3, 23-34.

Sahyar, & Fitri, R. Y. (2017). The Effect of Problem-Based Learning Model (PBL) and Adversity Quotient (AQ) on Problem-Solving Ability. American Journal of Educational Research, 5(2). 179-183.

Sani, R. A., & Malau, T. (2017). The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Model and Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) toward Physics Problem Solving Ability (PSA) of Students at Senior High School. American Journal of Educational Research, 5(3), 279-283.

Sutiadi, A., & Nurwijayaningsih, H. (2016). Konstruksi dan Profil Problem Solving Skill Siswa SMP dalam Materi Pesawat Sederhana. Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, 2(1). 37-42.

Tamba, P., Motlan, & Turnip, B. M. (2017). The Effect of Project Based Learning Model for Students’ Creative Thinking Skills and Problem Solving. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education, 7(5). 67-70.

Turnip, B., Wahyuni, I., & Tanjung, Y. I. (2016). The Effect of Inquiry Training Learning Model Basedon Just in Time Teaching for Problem Solving Skill. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(15). 177-181.

Wahyu, E. S., Sahyar., & Ginting, E. M. (2017). The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Model toward Student's Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Ability in Senior High School. American Journal of Educational Research, 5(6). 633-638.

Wandari, G. A., Wijaya, A. F. C., & Agustin, R. R. (2018). The Effect of STEAM-based Learning on Students’ Concept Mastery and Creativity in Learning Light And Optics. Journal of Science Learning, 2(1), 26-32.

Wirkala, C., & Kuhn, D. (2011). Problem-based learning in K-12 education: Is it effective and how does it achieve its effects?. American Educational Research Journal, 48(5), 1157–1186.

Yasin, A. I., Prima, E. C., & Sholihin, H. (2018). Learning Electricity using Arduino-Android based Game to Improve STEM Literacy. Journal of Science Learning, 1(3), 77-94.

Yulindar, A. (2018). Enhancement of problem solving ability of high school students through learning with real engagement in active problem solving (REAPS) model on the concept of heat transfer. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1013(1), 012052.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Rany Apriyani, Taufik Ramlan Ramalis, Irma Rahma Suwarma

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Science Learning is published by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia
in collaboration with the Indonesian Society of Science Educators
Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi 229 Bandung 40154, West Java, Indonesia
Email: js