Pre-service Teachers' Perception of Renewable Energy Sources: A Case Study of Düzce University

Murat Genç, Benzegül Durak


This research was conducted to examine pre-service teachers’ perception of renewable energy sources, tendency to use renewable energy and opinions about the future use of renewable energy sources and to investigate whether they have basic knowledge about renewable energy sources. To this end, the Renewable Energy Perception Scale, a 5-point Likert scale, was administered to a total of 755 pre-service teachers in the Science Teaching and Primary Teaching Departments in the Education Faculty of Düzce University. The scale has three sub-dimensions, namely “Renewable Energy Knowledge”, “Renewable Energy Future Vision”, and “Renewable Energy Tendency”.  In the whole scale and its sub-dimensions of “Renewable Energy Knowledge” and “Renewable Energy Tendency”, it was found that the pre-service primary teachers had a statistically significantly better perception of renewable energy sources than the pre-service science teachers. Also, younger participants were found to have a statistically significantly better perception in the “Renewable Energy Tendency” sub-dimension. There is a statistically significant gender-based difference in the “Renewable Energy Future Vision” sub-dimension. On the other hand, no significant gender-based difference was found for the whole scale and the other sub-dimensions. This study shows the importance of examining pre-service teachers’ perception of renewable energy in terms of their better teaching these sources to their future students.


Pre-service teachers; perception of ecological knowledge; renewable energy sources

Full Text:



Akella, A. K., Saini, R. P., & Sharma, M. P. (2009). Social, economical and environmental impacts of renewable energy systems. Renewable Energy, 34(2), 390-396.

Barry, J., Ellis, G., & Robinson, C. (2008). Cool rationalities and hot air: a rhetorical approach to understanding debates on renewable energy. Global Environmental Politics, 8 (2) 67-98.

Buldur, S. Bursal, M., Yalcin Erik, N., & Yucel, E. (2020). The impact of an outdoor education project on middle school students’ perceptions and awareness of the renewable energy, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 134(2020),110364,

Buldur, S., Bursal, M., Yucel, E., & Yalcın-Erik, N.(2018) The effect of an interdisciplinary nature education project on environmental affective characteristics and environmental consciousness of secondary school students. Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches, 7(5), 284–303.

Cebesoy, Ü., & Karışan, D. (2017). Investigation of preservice science teachers’ knowledge, teaching efficacy perceptions and attitude towards renewable energy sources. Van Yuzuncuü Yil University Journal of Education, 14 (1) , 1377-1415 . Retrieved from

Çelikler, D. (2013). Awareness about renewable energy of pre-service science teachers in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 60, 343-348 Doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2013.05.034.

Çelikler, D., & Aksan, Z. (2016). The development of an attitude scale to assess the attitudes of high school students towards renewable energy sources. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 54, 1092–1098.

Çelikler, D., & Kara, F. (2011). Pre-service elementary mathematics and social science teacher’s awareness about renewable energy. 2nd International Conference on New Trends in Education and Their Implications 27-29 Nisan, Antalya.

Çepni, S. (2007). Introduction to research and project studies. 3rd edition, Erol Ofset Trabzon.

Çolak, K., Kaymakcı, S., & Akpınar, M. (2015). The status of renewable energy resources in the Turkish social studies textbooks and prospective teachers’ perceptions, Journal of Educational Sciences, 41, 59-76.

Demirbag, M., & Yilmaz, S. (2020). Preservice teachers’ knowledge levels, risk perceptions and intentions to use renewable energy: A structural equation model. Journal of Education in Science, Environment and Health (JESEH), 6(3), 193-206. DOI:10.21891/jeseh.625409.

DeWaters, J. E., & Powers, S. E. (2011). Energy literacy of secondary students in New York State (USA): A measure of knowledge, affect, and behavior. Energy Policy, 39(3), 1699–1710.

Diken, E. H., & Aydoğdu, M. (2018). The relationship between the prospective science education teachers’ emotional intelligence and their success in science (on account of genetics). Online Science Education Journal, 3(1), 1-13.

Dinçer, İ. (2000). Renewable energy and sustainable development: a crucial review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 4(2), 157-175.

Ebersohl Jr, R.D. (2011). Assessment of undergraduate perceptions of renewable energy technologies and careers. Master Thesis, North Carolina State University.

Erkuş, A. (2005). Bilimsel araştırma sarmalı. Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık

Eshchanov B.R., Stultjes M.G.P., Eshchanov R.A., & Salaev S.K. (2011). People’s perceptions on renewable energy sources’ penetration prospects in the Khorezm Provice, Uzbekistan. Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, 22(7), 1-20.

Eshchanov, B.R., Stultjesa, M.G.P., Eshchanovb, R.A., & Salaev, S.K. (2013). Prospects of renewable energy penetration in Uzbekistan-Perception of the Khorezmian people, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 21, 789-797.

Eymur, G. (2017). Developing energy systems engineering students’ perceptions of renewable energy for sustainable future. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 14(2), 41–51. Retrieved from

Fırat, A., Sepetçioğlu, H., & Kiraz, A. (2012). Analysis of the attitudes of teacher candidates about renewable energies. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 2012 SI 1, 216-224.

Genç, M. (2015). The project-based learning approach in environmental education. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 24(2), 105–117, doi:10.1080/10382046.2014.993169.

Genç, M. (2019). Determination of attitudes on renewable energy sources of pre-service teachers, Manas Journal of Social Studies, 8(1), 811-821

George, D., & Mallery, M. (2010). SPSS for windows step by step: A simple guide and reference, 17.0 update (10a ed.) Boston: Pearson

Hagen, B., & Pijawka, D. ( 2015). Public perceptions and support of renewable energy in north america in the context of global climate change. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 6, 385–398. DOI 10.1007/s13753-015-0068-z

Haggett, C. (2008). Over the sea and far away? A consideration of the planning, politics and public perception of offshore wind farms. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 10 (3), 289-306.

Howell, R., Shackley, S., & Mabon, L. (2012). Public perceptions of low carbon energy Technologies, Global Carbon Capture and Storage İnstutue Limited: Camberra.

Illias, H.A., Ishak, N.S., & Alam, N.A.M.N. (2020). Awareness towards renewable energy among secondary school students in Malaysia. International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, 10(4), 1645-1654.

International Energy Agency. Renewables [IEA], 2018. https://www.iea. org/renewables2018/. [Accessed 30 June 2021]

Jäger-Waldau, A. (2007). Photovoltaics and renewable energies in Europe. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11(7), 1414-1437.

Jennings, P. (2009). New directions in renewable energy education. Renewable Energy, 34(2), 435–439.

Kandpal, T. C., & Broman, L. (2014). Renewable energy education: A global status review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 34, 300-324.

Kandpal, T.C., & Broman, L. (2016). Renewable energy education: a global status review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 34, 300–324.

Karasar, N. (2013). Scientific research methods (25. Pres).Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.

Karasmanaki, E., & Tsantopoulos, G. (2019). The perceptions and attitudes of forestry students towards renewable energy sources. International Conference on Innovative Applied Energy (IAPE’19) 14-15 March, 2019, in the King's Centre, Oxford, United Kingdom

Karatepe,Y., Varbak, N. S., Keçebas, A., & Yumurtacı, M. (2012). The levels of awareness about the renewable energy sources of university students in Turkey. Renewable Energy, 44, 174-179. Doi:10.1016/j.renene.2012.01.099.

Keramitsoglou, K. M. (2016). Exploring adolescents’ knowledge, perceptions and attitudes towards Renewable Energy Sources: A colour choice approach. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 59, 1159–1169.

Kılıç, S. (2016). Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient. Journal of Mood Disorders, 6 (1), 47-48.

Koroneos, C., Spachos, T., & Moussiopoulos, N. (2003). Enerrgy analysis of renewable energy sources. Renewable energy, 28(2), 295-310.

Kurt, S. (2021). People's view of renewable energy in the Ceyhan energy exclusive industry region and around. Unpublished Thesis. Çukurova University, Adana.

Liarakou, G., Gavrilakis, C., & Flouri, E. (2009). Secondary school teachers’ knowledge and attitudes towards renewable energy sources. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 18(2), 120-129.

McGowan, F., & Sauter, R. (2005). Public opinion on energy research: a desk study for the research councils. Brighton, University of Sussex.

Önal, M. (2020). The importance of renewable energy in sustainable development: an assessment on Turkey. Turkish Business Journal, 1(1), 78-97. Retrieved from

Öymen, G. (2020). The role of renewable energy on sustainability. İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 19(39), 1069-1087.

Özaslan, M. (2020). Awareness of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources in a higher education institution: A research on students in a foundation university. Unpublished thesis. Ufuk University, Ankara.

Ozgel, Z.T., Aydoğdu, M., & Güven-Yıldırım, E. (2018). Impact of nature camp-assisted environmental education on awareness and attitude towards environmental problems. Ihlara Journal of Educational Research, 3(2), 90–106.

Poortinga, W., Pidgeon, N., & Lorenzoni, I. (2006). Public perceptions of nuclear power, climate change and energy options in Britain: summary findings of a survey conducted during October and November 2005. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. School of Environmental Sciences. University of East Anglia.

Ribeiro, F., Ferreira, F., Araújo, M., & Braga, A.C. (2018). Modelling perception and attitudes towards renewable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 122 (2018) 688-697

Saraç, E., & Bedir, H. (2014). Primary school teachers related to perceptions of renewable energy sources on the qualitative research. The Journal of Defence and War Studies, 24 (1), 19-45.

Satman, A. (2007). Turkey's energy vision. VIII. Ulusal Tesisat Mühendisliği Kongresi Bildiriler Kitabı, (ss. 3-18). İzmir: Türkiye.

Skamp, K., Boyes, E., Stanisstreet, M., Rodriguez, M., Malandrakis, G., Fortner, R., ... & Yoon, H. G. (2019). Renewable and nuclear energy: An international study of students’ beliefs about, and willingness to act, in relation to two energy production scenarios. Research in Science Education, 49(2), 295-329.

Szarka, J. (2004). Wind power, discourse coalitions and climate change: breaking the stalemate? European Environment, 14 (6), 317-330.

Türkmenoğlu, H. (2016). A research on renewable energy trends on smes in central and eastern black sea region. Unpublished Thesis, University of Ordu, Institute for Graduate Studies in Science and Technology, Department of Renewable Energy; Ordu.

Uzunsakal, E., & Yıldız, D. (2018). A comparison of reliability tests in field researches and an application on agricultural data. Applied Social Sciences Journal of Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, 2 (1), 14-28 . Retrieved from

Vaijayanthi, N. (2013) A study on public awareness and perception towards solar energy resource, Discovery Engineering, 1(1) 25-29.

West, J., Bailey, I., & Winter, M. (2010). Renewable energy policy and public perceptions of renewable energy: A cultural theory approach. Energy Policy 38, 5739–5748.

Wiersma, W., & Jurs, S. G. (2005). Research methods in education. (Eight Edition). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Yakut-İpekoğlu, H., Üçgül, İ., & Yakut, G. (2014). Renewable energy perception scale: reliability and validity, Journal of Yekarum, 2(3), 20-26. Retrieved from

Zyadin, A., Puhakka, A., Ahponen, P., & Pelkonen, P. (2014). Secondary school teachers’ knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes toward renewable energy in Jordan. Renewable Energy, 62,341–348.

Zyadin, A., Puhakka, A., Ahponen, P., Cronberg, T., & Pelkonen P. (2012). School students’ knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes toward renewable energy in Jordan. Renewable Energy, 45, 78-85. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Mimbar Sekolah Dasar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Mimbar Sekolah Dasar Stats