PENYESUAIAN BUDAYA DALAM PERKAWINAN

Sri Hidayati

Abstract


The meaning of marriage is not just a meeting of two individuals, but also a cultural encounter behind both. To achieve success marital couples should make the process of cultural adjustment. This study aimed to describe the profile of cultural adjustment in the marital from aspects of thoughts, feelings, and actions of the husband or wife to her lover. The method used is descriptive method with quantitative approach. These samples included 50 people. Data were collected using a questionnaire designed based on the ordinal scale. Data analysis using Pearson Product Moment correlation. The results showed cultural adjustment in marriage at all respondents have achieved well adjustment. This conclusion is supported by data that measured three aspects of the figure level adjustment respondents as follows: 61 percent thought aspect, the aspect of feeling 84 percent, and 71 percent of the action aspects.

Keywords


Cultural Adjustment; Marital Adjustment; Ethnicity

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, A. L., Zamri, N. Z., Salman, A., Mohamed, E. M., & Hashim, H. (2014). Isu-isu dan masalah adaptasi antarbudaya dalam kalangan pelajar Malaysia di United Kingdom dan Australia. e-BANGI, 9(2), 162-171.

Al-Darmaki, F. R., Hassane, S. H., Ahammed, S., Abdullah, A. S., Yaaqeib, S. I., & Dodeen, H. (2014). Marital satisfaction in the United Arab Emirates: Development and validation of a culturally relevant scale. Journal of Family Issues, 1-27. doi:10.1177/0192513X14547418

Alder, E. S. (2010). Age, Education Level, and Length of Courtship in Relation to Marital Satisfaction. Hillsboro: Pacific University. Diambil kembali dari http://commons.pacificu.edu/spp/145

Ali, M., & Asrori, M. (2004). Psikologi remaja perkembangan peserta didik. Bandung: Bumi Aksara.

Arshad, M., Mohsin, M. N., & Mahmoud, K. (2014). Marital Adjustment And Life Satisfaction Among Early And Late Marriage. Journal of Education and Practice, 5(17), 80-90.

Atwater, E. (1983). Psychology of adjustment (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Ayub, N., & Iqbal, S. (2012). The Factors Predicting Marital Satisfaction: A Gender Difference in Pakistan. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, 6(7), 63-73. Diambil kembali dari https://www.researchgate.net/publication/255712960

Barongo, S., Okwara, M., Aloka, P., & Masoka, N. O. (2015). Association of Levels of Education and Marital Experience on Marital Satisfaction among Selected Marriages in Kisii Township Kisii County. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 5(8), 27-32.

Barongo, S., Onderi, P., Kebari, Z., Okwara, M., & Bantu, E. (2014). Correlates between Levels of Education in Relation to Marital Satisfaction in KISII Township of KISII County, Kenya. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 9(1), 387-392. Diambil kembali dari http://www.ijias.issr-journals.org/

Basharpoor, S., & Sheykholeslami, A. (2015). The Relation of Marital Adjustment and Family Functions With Quality of Life in Women. Europe's Journal of Psychology, 11(3), 432-441. doi:10.5964/ejop.v11i3.859

BKKBN. (2013). Badan Koordinasi Keluarga Berencana Nasional. Dipetik Mei 24, 2016, dari BKKBN: http://bkkbn.go.id.

Black, J. S., & Stephens, G. K. (1989). The influence of the spouse on American expatriate adjustment and intent to stay in Pacific Rim Overseas assignments. Journal of Manajement, 15(4), 529-544. doi:10.1177/014920638901500403

Charsley, K. (2005). Vulnerable brides and transnational ghar damads: Gender, risk and adjumstment among Pakistani marriage migrants to Britain. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 12, 381-406. doi:10.1177/097152150501200210

Choi, S. H. L. (1987). The marital adjustment process of Korean working-class couples. Iowa: Iowa State University.

Chung, G. H., & Yoo, J. P. (2013). Using the multicultural family support centers and adjustment among interethnic and interracial families in South Korea. Family Relations, 62(1), 241-253. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2012.00754.x

Durodoye, B. A., & Coker, A. D. (2008). Crossing cultures in marriage: Implications for counseling African American/African couple. Internaional Journal Advancement of Counseling, 30, 25-37. doi:10.1007/s10447-007-9042-9

Ember, C. R., & Ember, M. (2013). Konsep Kebudayaan. In T. Ihromi (Penyunt.), Pokok-pokok antropologi budaya (pp. 13-31). Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Fahmy, M. (1977). Kesehatan jiwa dalam keluarga sekolah dan masyarakat. (Z. Daradjat, Penerj.) Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.

George, I. N., Ukpong, D. E., & Imah, E. E. (2014). Cultural diversity of marriage sustainability in Nigeria: Strenghts and challanges. Sosiology and Anthropology, 2(1), 7-14. doi:10.13189/sa.2014.020102

Harris, P., & Moran, R. T. (2005). Memahami perbedaan-perbedaan budaya. In D. Mulyana, & J. Rakhmat (Penyunt.), Komunikasi antarbudaya: Panduan berkomunikasi dengan orang-orang berbeda budaya (pp. 54-71). Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Hidayati, S. (2007). Program konseling komprehensif untuk meningkatkan kemampuan penyesuaian diri muallaf (Studi kasus pada forum komunikasi pembinaan muallaf Tionghoa di kota Pontianak Kalimantan Barat). Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Bandung: Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Hidayati, S. (2014). Problematika Pelaksanaan Penasihatan Perkawinan di Kantor Urusan Agama Kecamatan Pontianak Timur Kota Pontianak. IAIN Pontianak. Pontianak: LP2M IAIN Pontianak.

Hurlock, E. B. (1980). Psikologi Perkembangan Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan (ke-5 ed.). (I. Soedjarwo, Penerj.) Jakarta: Erlangga.

Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2010). Choices in relationships: An introduction to marriage and the family (10th ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Koentjaraningrat. (1997). Kebudayaan, mentalitas dan pembangunan. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Lasswell, & Laswell. (1987). Marriage and the family (2nd ed.). California: Wadworth Publishing.

Lysgaard, S. (1955). Adjustment in a foreign society: Norwegian Fulbright grantees visiting the United States. International Science Bulletin. 7: 45-51, 7, 45-51.

Matsumoto, D. (2004). Pengantar psikologi lintas budaya. (A. Aditomo, Penerj.) Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Matsumoto, D., LeRoux, J. A., Robles, Y., & Campos, G. (2007). The intercultural adjustment potential scale (ICAPS) predicts adjustment above and beyond personality and general intelegence. International Journal of Intercultural Ralations, 31, 747-759. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2007.08.002

Mihalcea, A., Iliescu, D., & Dinca, M. (2013). The Influence of the Educational Level on Couple Relationships. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 78, 41-45. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.04.247

Muraru, A. A., & Turliuc, M. N. (2013). Predictors of Marital Adjustment: Are There Any Differences Between Women and Men? Europe's Journal of Psychology, 9(3), 427-442. doi:10.5964/ejop.v9i3.524

Nasir, R., & Amin, S. M. (2010). Job satisfaction, job performance and marital satisfaction among dual-worker Malay couple. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Science, 5(3), 299-306.

Oberg, K. (2006). Cultural shock: Adjustment to new cultural environments. Curare, 29(2+3), 142-146.

Ojukwu, M. O., Woko, S., & Onuoha, R. (2016). Impact of Educational Attainment on Marital Stability among Married Pesons in Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Education & Literacy Studies, 4(3), 88-96. doi:10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.4n.3p.88

Olson, D. H., DeFrain, J., & Skogrand, L. (2011). Marriage and families: Intimacy, diversity, and strengths (7th ed.). New York: Mc Graw Hill.

Olson, D. H., Russel, C. S., & Sprenkle, D. H. (1983). Circumplex model of marital and family systems: Vi. Theoretical update. Family Process, 22(1), 63-83. doi:10.1111/j.1545-5300.1983.00069.x

Pakpahan, F. B. (2013). Fungsi komunikasi antar budaya dalam prosesi pernikahan adat Batak di kota Samarinda. E-Journal Ilmu Komunikasi, 1(3), 234-248.

Poerwanto, H. (2005). Kebudayaan dan Lingkungan dalam Perspektif Antropologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Porter, R. E., & Samovar, L. A. (2005). Suatu pendekatan terhadap komunikasi antarbudaya. In D. Mulyana, & J. Rachmat (Penyunt.), Komunikasi antar budaya: Panduan berkomunikasi dengan orang-orang berbeda budaya (pp. 11-35). Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Puspowardhani, R. (2008). Komunikasi antar budaya dalam keluarga kawin campur Jawa-Cina di Surakarta. Surakarta: Pogram Pascasarjana Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Quinn, W. H., & Odell, M. (1998). Predictor of marital adjustment during the first two years. Marriage & Family Review, 23(1/2), 113-130.

Sadarjoen, S. S. (2005). Konflik marital pemahaman konseptual, aktual dan alternatif solusinya. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Strong, B., DeVault, C., & Cohen, T. F. (2011). The marriage and family experience: Intimate relationship in a changing society (11th ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Sullivan, C., & Cottone, R. R. (2006). Culturally based couple therapy and intercultural relationships: A review of literature. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 14(3), 221-225. doi:10.1177/1066480706287278

Trevino, Y. A., Wooten, H. R., & Scoot, R. E. (2007). A correlational study between depression and marital adjustment in Hispanic couples. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, 15(1), 46-52. doi:10.1177/1066480706294033

Zainah, A. Z., Nasir, R., Hashim, R. S., & Yusof, N. M. (2012). Effects of Demographic Variables on Marital Satisfaction. Asian Social Science, 8(9), 46-49. doi:10.5539/ass.v8n9p46


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

JOMSIGN: Journal of Multicultural Studies in Guidance and Counseling
ISSN 2549-7065 (print)
ISSN 2549-7073 (Online)

Indexed and/or Available Catalogue in:
Google_ScholarBASEIOSmendeleypkp-index

OFFICE
Departemen Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan FIP Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Jalan Setiabudhi No. 229 Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40154. Telp. +6222200021. Email: jomsign@upi.edu