Limestone Calcined Clay Cement as A Green Construction Material

Smita Sambhaji Patil, Vaishnavi Shailesh Jadhav, Shreya Satish Nalavade, Mayur Madhukar Maske


Supplementary Cementitious Materials (SCMs) are promising components as substitutes for clinker components in cement and at the same time become a solution in reducing CO2 emissions and increasing sustainable development. The main objective of this study is to focus on production, techno-economic feasibility, and environmental impact, and cost-effectiveness of the limestone calcined clay cement (LC3). LC3 is a new type of cement-based on a blend of limestone and calcined clay. A combination of calcined clay with limestone allows higher levels of substitution down to clinker contents of around 50% with similar mechanical properties and improvement in some aspects of durability. The results showed that the feasibility of blending 50% of LC3 in cement. The hope is that these findings can help reduce carbon footprints in the construction industry.


Cement; Clay; Green construction; Limestone; Supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs)

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