Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

CAPEU Journal of Education focuses on major shifts in:

  1. Language and Literature Education
  2. Social Science Education
  3. Sports and Health Education
  4. Education Sciences, including Young learners and Early Children Development
  5. Technical and vocational education
  6. Economics and Business Education
  7. Math and Natural Science Education
  8. Visual Arts, Dance, Music, and Design Education
The policy. practices and developments of the above topics, the curriculum, pedagogy, as well as new empirical and theoretical works are welcome. 


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

We welcome manuscripts related to the themes. All submitted manuscripts are subject to initial appraisal by the Editor. The suitable manuscripts will then be peer-reviewed by independent anonymous expert referees. All peer review is double-blind and submission is online via our website.


Publication Frequency

CAPEU Journal of Education (CJE) will publish twice a year in January and July


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

(Based on Elsevier recommendations and COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors)


Ethical guidelines for journal publication  

The publication of an article in the peer-reviewed journals published by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia and Consortium of Asia Pacific Education Universities (CAPEU) is a process of permanent knowledge improvement. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behaviour for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals.


Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia and Consortium of Asia Pacific Education Universities (CAPEU) take their duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing extremely seriously and we recognise our ethical and other responsibilities.


We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful to editors.


Duties of authors


Reporting standards

Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Review and professional publication articles should also be accurate and objective, and editorial 'opinion' works should be clearly identified as such.


Data access and retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.


Originality and plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from 'passing off' another's paper as the author's own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another's paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.


Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. In general, an author should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper.


Acknowledgement of sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, must not be used or reported without explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved in these services.


Authorship of the paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.


Hazards and human or animal subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript. If the work involves the use of animal or human subjects, the author should ensure that the manuscript contains a statement that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) has approved them. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible.


Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.



Duties of editors


Publication decisions

The editor of a peer-reviewed journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published, often working in conjunction with the relevant society (for society-owned or sponsored journals). The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers (or society officers) in making this decision.


Fair play

An editor should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.



The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern. It should be ensured that the peer-review process for sponsored supplements is the same as that used for the main journal. Items in sponsored supplements should be accepted solely on the basis of academic merit and interest to readers and not be influenced by commercial considerations. Non-peer reviewed sections of their journal should be clearly identified.


Involvement and cooperation in investigations

An editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, in conjunction with the publisher (or society). Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies, and if the complaint is upheld, the publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, as may be relevant. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. 


Duties of reviewers


Contribution to editorial decisions

Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper. Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication, and lies at the heart of the scientific method. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia and Consortium of Asia Pacific Education Universities (CAPEU) share the view of many that all scholars who wish to contribute to publications have an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing.



Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.



Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.


Standards of objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.


Acknowledgement of sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.


Disclosure and conflict of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in a reviewer's own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.



Author's Guidelines



Author Guidelines: Formatting and Referencing Guidelines

Please keep the paper format as simple as possible.  A properly formatted manuscript makes editing and layout easier and is much appreciated.


Formatting Guidelines

  1. Use A4 paper size, with all margins set at 254 mm (1”).  
  2. Use Times New Roman 12 pt. font and single line spacing with 0 pt. spacing before and after throughout the paper.  Please do not use custom style sheets in MS Word. Align text to the left.
  3. Use APA style 6th edition headings except for Level 3 and 4 headings. APHER does not use indentations for Level 3 and 4 headings.  There are periods after headings for Level 3 and Level 4, and the paragraph starts two spaces after the period.  Please use no more than 4 levels of headings as shown in the APHER Submission Template. Do not number headings.
  4. Use two spaces between sentences.  Use one space after periods in the reference section.  Use one space before and after mathematical symbols. For other formatting, such as the hanging indentation in the reference section, please use the MS Word paragraph formatting feature instead of the space bar.
  5. Do not use page breaks or columns within the text.  Natural page breaks may divide headers, text, or tables; this will be adjusted when the paper is formatted for publication.
  6. Use italics for words requiring particular emphasis; however, please keep in mind that overuse may be distracting to the reader.  Do not use single or double quotation marks for emphasis.
  7. In general, avoid using quotations where discussion of previous research can be integrated, with citation, into the text.  Papers utilising extensive quotations may be rejected or returned to the author for revision.
  8. Use double quotation marks for quoted sections of less than 40 words.  Use single quotation marks for quotations within quoted sections.
  9. Format extended quotations of more than 40 words as shown in the APHER Submission Template: indented and separated from the remaining text by a line above and below.
  10. Number tables, figures, or diagrams consecutively and include them in the relevant part of the text.  Each should have a title that indicates the nature of the data being presented and how they are to be interpreted.  Submit an MS Excel or Word file with the data for the figures so that the figures can be edited and formatted, if necessary.  Please note that APHER is published in black and white; figures and tables should reflect this.
  11. Do not use footnotes or notes at the end of the text.



Referencing Guidelines

CAPEU Journal of Education follows the referencing system of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), 6th Edition.  Submissions that do not follow APA style referencing guidelines may be rejected or returned to the author for revisions.

  1. Take special care in checking the reference list and in-text citations.  Check that the reference list includes only references for citations within your article. In addition, ensure that all in-text citations have a corresponding reference in the reference list.
  2. Use the hanging indent function instead of tabs for references.  Use the enter key at the end of each reference in the reference list, not within the reference.
  3. For all article and book titles in references, only the first letter of the first word, proper nouns, and the first word following a colon are capitalised.
  4. Please include the DOI (digital object identifier) for journal sources when applicable. An easy way to find if a reference has a DOI is to go to https://apps.crossref.org/SimpleTextQuery (registration required for this free service) and enter the reference information.  The DOI should be preceded by https://doi.org/, It should remain hyperlinked in the document. 


Online resources that may be helpful when using APA style referencing can be found at:





Examples of APA references and in-text citations are also provided below:


Group author

Reference list

American Psychiatric Association. (1990). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.


Note: “Author” is used as above when the author and publisher are identical.


In-text citations

First citation: (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1990)

Subsequent citations: (APA, 1990)



Three to five authors

Reference list

Booth, W. C., Colomb, G. G., & Williams, J. M. (1995). The craft of research. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.


In-text citations

First citation: (Booth, Colomb, & Williams, 1995)

Subsequent citations: (Booth et al., 1995)

Edition other than first

Reference list

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Macmillan.


In-text citation

(Strunk & White, 1979)


Chapter or Section in a Book

Reference list

Stephan, W. G. (1985). Intergroup relations. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 599-658). New York, NY: Random House.


In-text citation

(Stephan, 1985)



Conference Paper (Unpublished)

Reference list

Shrout, P. E., Hunter, J. E., Harris, R. J., Wilkinson, L., Strouss, M. E., & Applebaum, M. I. (1996, August). Significance tests: Should they be banned from APA journals? Paper presented at the 104th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.


In-text citations

First citation: (Shrout, Hunter, Harris, Wilkinson, Strouss, & Applebaum, 1996)

Subsequent citations: (Shrout et al., 1996)



Journal Articles

Note:  The journal name and volume number are in italics, the number of the issue is in parentheses (with no space between), and the page numbers are included.  Please include the issue number when there is one.


Reference list

Hypericum Depression Trial Study Group. (2002). Effect of Hypericumperforatum (St John's Wort) in major depressive disorder: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA, 287, 1807-1814. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.287.14.1807


In-text citation

(Hypericum Depression Trial Study Group, 2002)


Note: The APA Manual requires citing the full name of a corporate author like this; the acronym would not be easily recognized.


Reference list

Nolasco, R., & Arthur, L. (1986). You try doing it with a class of forty! ELT Journal, 40(2), 100-106. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/40.2.100



In-text citation

(Nolasco & Arthur, 1986)


Online Only Journal

Reference list

Kortepeter, M. G., & Parker, G. W. (1999). Potential biological weapons threats. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.3201/eid0504.990411


Note: If the reference does not have a doi, please list the URL instead.  The date of retrieval is no longer necessary for sources that are not expected to undergo change.  The URL should be in Times New Roman 12 font only.  The URL is not followed by a period.


In-text citation

(Kortepeter & Parker, 1999)



Author Guidelines: CJE Submission Template



(Maximum 12 words, Times New Roman, 20 pt.)


Abstract (Times New Roman, 12 pt., bold, centered)

The abstract is the first part of your paper the reader will see.  Make a strong statement of the main point of your paper and briefly describe the context.  Clearly identify the research focus or purpose of your writing.  Provide a clear and concise summary of the methodology and conclusions.  Describe the academic and practical implications of your results or findings.  Write clearly and directly.  Do not use the same sentences in the abstract and the body of the paper.  Abstracts must be 150 words or less; do not waste words in such a short abstract.  Indent the abstract 127 mm (0.5”) on both sides.  Use two spaces between sentences.  Use Times New Roman, 12 pt. throughout the paper.  Follow the APHER Author Guidelines and APHER Formatting and Referencing Guidelines.  Ensure that the paper meets the APHER Preliminary Submission Requirements. 



The introduction section of the paper needs no Level 1 heading. Do not indent paragraphs.  The paper should be single-spaced with one blank line between each paragraph.  Do not use custom style sheets in MS Word.  Do not use the space bar for formatting.  Do not use page breaks or columns within the text.  Natural page breaks will divide tables and text; this will be adjusted during layout.  References in this template are for illustration purposes only (Nolasco & Arthur, 1986).


Level One Heading (Times New Roman, 12 pt., bold, centered)

The headings are adapted from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.  APHER headings differ in that Level 3 and 4 headings are not indented.  Capitalise the first letter of all words which have four letters or more for the title and tables as well as Level 1 and Level 2 headings.  The first letter of articles, prepositions, and conjunctions of three letters or less should be in lowercase.


Level Two Heading (Times New Roman, 12 pt., bold, flush left)

Use of the first person (I, we, me, us, my, our) is accepted where appropriate. 


Level three heading (Times New Roman, 12 pt., bold, flush left).  Level 3 and Level 4 headings should be written in sentence case: only the first letter of the first word, proper nouns, and the first word following a colon are capitalised.  These two level headings end with a period; the paragraph follows after two spaces.


Level four heading (Times New Roman, 12 pt., bold, italics, flush left). Examples and online resources regarding in-text citations are available in the APHER Formatting and Referencing Guidelines  (Purdue University Online Writing Lab, 2010).


Use no more than 4 levels of headings.  Do not number headings. 


Table 1

A Short, Descriptive Title





Item 1



5 cm

Item 2



8 cm

Note: y < 0.1; insert a space before and after mathematical symbols.


Tables and figures are numbered consecutively and included in the relevant part of the text.   Refer to each table and figure in the text.  Table titles should indicate the nature of the data being presented and how they are to be interpreted.  Table titles are in italics. 



Figure 1. Word limit for each type of Asia Pacific Higher Education Review submission. Limits are for the body of the paper and references. The title, author note, abstract or appendices are excluded.  Adapted from “Article Name,” by author and author, year, journal name, volume number(issue number), p. xxx.  Copyright year by copyright holder, if applicable.    


Include a description of the figure and the source, if applicable.  Graph axes should be labeled.  Do not include a title within the figure.  Remove the graph border.  Submit an MS Excel or Word file with the data for the figure so that the figure can be edited, if necessary.  The figure must be in black and white. 


According to Strunk & White (1979),


Cited text goes here.  Use indentations of 127 mm (0.5”) on the right and left for quotations of 40 words or more.  Insert a blank line above and below the quote.  In general, quotations should be avoided where discussion of previous research can be integrated into the text.  Papers with extensive quotations may be rejected or returned to the author for revision.  (p. 55)


Double quotation marks should be used for quotations of less than 40 words.  Single

quotation marks should be used for quotations within quotations.


Numbered lists can be used:

  1. Criteria 1
  2. Criteria 2
  3. Criteria 3
  4. Criteria 4

Bulleted lists may also be used:

  • Group A
  • Group B
  • Group C


Carefully check your article for errors in content and language; in addition, ask a colleague to proofread your article before submission.  Papers with extensive issues will be returned to the author.


Include only references that are cited within the paper.  Include issue numbers for journal articles, if available. Use the hanging indent format function to indent references.  Set the hanging indent at 127 mm (0.5”).  To find if there is a DOI for a journal article in your reference list, go to https://apps.crossref.org/SimpleTextQuery.  Retain the hyperlinks in the reference list. Check that all citations in the text are in the reference list.  



Nolasco, R., & Arthur, L. (1986). You try doing it with a class of forty! ELT Journal, 40(2), 100-106. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/40.2.100

Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL). (2011, Oct. 5). APA formatting and style guide. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/1/

Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Macmillan.


Appendix A

Title Which Explains the Content (Times New Roman, 12 pt., bold)

You may need to attach one or more appendices to your article.  Include them in the same file. 

Label appendices alphabetically (e.g., Appendix A).  Label the table or figure included in the appendix with the letter of the appendix (e.g., Table A).  Each appendix should be mentioned in the body of the paper.  Appendices are not included in the word count.