Perception towards the Code-Mixing of Bahasa Indonesia and English

Nur Hafiz Abdurahman


The growth of English worldwide has attracted many attitudinal studies towards English. In expanding circle, however, there is a limited literature which focuses in Indonesia. This article’s objective is to explore attitudes given towards varieties of English used in Indonesia. The method of this study is a quantitative analysis using an adapted version of matched-guise questionnaire which was utilised hypothetically in daily interaction and computer-mediated communication contexts. There are 251 respondents in total who are of different ages and all of them have been exposed to English for more than nine years. There are mainly two varieties of English: the standardized English and the local varieties of English, and Bahasa, which become the guises to be perceived by the respondents. These varieties are then perceived into four traits - intelligence, sociability, likability and kindness – of the utterers. The findings of the study show that the variety of English and Bahasa which is grammatically independent, i.e. alternation, is perceived as more socially attractive, while the standardized English is perceived as more intelligent. The conclusion is that the ideological and social factors may affect people’s perception towards the use of English in Indonesia.


Code-mixing; cross-cultural linguistics; expanding circle; language attitudes; matched-guise technique

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