Kecocokan Karyawan dengan Organisasi (Person-Organization Fit) Meningkatkan Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) dan Kinerja Karyawan UMKM

Ropinov Saputro

Abstract


Abstract: More and more organizations are now realizing the fact that human resources (HR) are very valuable and can be a unique resource for competitive advantage. P-O Fit is considered an important concept in interactional psychology in organizations. This study examines the consequences of P-O Fit in its influence on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and employee performance. This research was conducted on SMEs in Demak Regency. The sample of this study is specifically for SMEs employees. A total of 100 samples were obtained in this study. The Data collection was done by using a questionnaire. Linear Regression Analysis was used for testing. The results showed that Person-Organization Fit had a significant positive impact on Organizational Characteristics Behavior (OCB) and employee performance. In addition, Organizational Characteristics Behavior also has a significant positive effect on performance of employee.

 

Abstrak: Saat ini semakin banyak organisasi yang menyadari fakta mengenai sumber daya manusia (SDM) sangat bernilai dan dapat menjadi sumber daya yang unik untuk keunggulan kompetitif. P-O Fit dianggap sebagai konsep penting dalam psikologi interaksional dalam organisasi. Penelitian ini menguji konsekuensi P-O Fit dalam pengaruhnya terhadap perilaku kewargaan organisasi / OCB (Organizational Cirizenship Behavior) dan kinerja karyawan. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada UKM di Kabupaten Demak. Sampel penelitian ini khusus karyawan UKM. Sebanyak 100 sampel diperoleh dalam penelitian ini. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan kuesioner. Analisis Regresi Linier digunakan untuk pengujian. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Person-Organization Fit berdampak positif signifikan terhadap Organizational Cirizenship Behavior (OCB) dan kinerja karyawan. Selain itu, Organizational Cirizenship Behavior juga memiliki pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja karyawan.


Keywords


P-O Fit, OCB, Kinerja, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Person-Organization Fit

References


Abbas, Q. and Yaqoob, S. (2009) ‘Effect of Leadership Development on Employee Performance in Pakistan’, Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 47(2), pp. 269–292. Available at: https://pesr.econpu.edu.pk/website/journal/article/608906a8edde0/page.

Abzari, M., Kabiripour, W. and Saeidi, A. (2015) ‘The Effect of Business Ethical Values on Turnover Intention: Mediating Role of Person-organization Fit Dimensions. The Case of Iranian Teachers in Public School’, Academic Journal of Economic Studies, 1(1), pp. 65–81.

Afsar, B. and Badir, Y. (2017) ‘Workplace spirituality, perceived organizational support and innovative work behavior: The mediating effects of person-organization fit’, Journal of Workplace Learning, 29(2), pp. 95–109.

Apoi, A. and Latip, H. B. A. (2019) ‘The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Employee Reactions towards Individual Work Performance: A Conceptual Paper’, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 9(8), pp. 47–60.

Armstrong, M. (2016) Armstrong’s Handbook of Strategic Human Resource Management. 6th edn. Kogan Page Publishers.

Bao, Y. et al. (2013) ‘The Relationship between Value Incongruence and Individual and Organizational Well-Being Outcomes: An Exploratory Study among Catalan Nurses’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69, pp. 631–641.

Boon, C. et al. (2011) ‘The relationship between perceptions of HR practices and employee outcomes: Examining the role of person-organisation and person-job fit’, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(1), pp. 138–162.

Costa, P. L. et al. (2013) ‘Multilevel Research in the Field of Organizational Behavior: An Empirical Look at 10 Years of Theory and Research’, SAGE open Journal. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013498244.

Demir, M. and Nield, K. (2015) ‘The relationship between person-organization fit, organizational identification and work outcomes’, Journal of Business Economics and Management, 16(2), pp. 369–386. doi: 10.3846/16111699.2013.785975.

Farooqui, S. and Nagendra, A. (2014) ‘The Impact of Person Organization Fit on Job Satisfaction and Performance of the Employees’, Procedia Economics and Finance, 11, pp. 122–129. doi: 10.1016/S2212-5671(14)00182-8.

Harris, F. and Chernatony, L. de (2001) ‘Corporate Branding and Corporate Brand Performance’, European Journal of Marketing, 35(3/4), pp. 441–456. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/03090560110382101.

Hough, L. M. and Oswald, F. L. (2000) ‘Personnel Selection: Looking Toward the Future--Remembering the Past’, in Annual Review of Psychology, pp. 631–664. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.51.1.631.

Jansen, K. J. and Kristof-Brown, A. (2006) ‘Toward a Multidimensional Theory of Person-Environment Fit’, Journal of Managerial Issues, 18(2), pp. 193–212.

Jin, S. (2015) ‘The Relationship between Person-Organization Fit and Employee Creativity: The Mediating Role of Creative Capital’, Business and Management Research, 4(3).

Jong, J. P. J. de and Hartog, D. N. Den (2007) ‘How Leaders Influence Employees’ Innovative Behaviour’, European Journal of Innovation Management, 10(1), pp. 41–46. doi: DOI:10.1108/14601060710720546.

Kristof-Brown, A. L. and Guay, R. P. (2011) Person–environment fit. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association, viii, 960 pp. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/12171-001.

Kristof-Brown, A. L., Zimmerman, R. D. and Johnson, E. C. (2005) ‘Consequences of individual’s fit at work: A meta-analysis of person-job, person-organization, person-group, and person-supervisor fit’, Personnel Psychology, 58(2), pp. 281–342. doi: https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2005.00672.x.

Lauver, K. J. and Kristof-Brown, A. (2001) ‘Distinguishing between employees’ perceptions of person--job and person--organization fit’, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 59(3), pp. 454–470. doi: https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1006/jvbe.2001.1807.

Ledford, G. E., Gerhart, B. and Fang, M. (2015) ‘Negative Effects of Extrinsic Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation: More Smoke Than Fire’, Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2.

Mathis, R. L., Jackson, J. H. and Angelica, D. (2011) Human Resource Management : Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. 10th edn. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Meyer, J. P. et al. (2010) ‘Person–organization (culture) fit and employee commitment under conditions of organizational change: A longitudinal study’, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 76(3), pp. 458–473. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2010.01.001.

Paine, J. B. and Organ, D. (2000) ‘The Cultural Matrix of Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Some Preliminary Conceptual and Empirical Observations’, Human Resource Management Review, 10(1), pp. 45–59.

Pradhan, R. K. and Jena, L. K. (2016) ‘Employee Performance at Workplace: Conceptual Model and Empirical Validation’, Business Perspectives and Research, 5(1), pp. 1–17. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2278533716671630.

Robbins, S. P. and Judge, T. A. . (2015) Perilaku Organisasi Edisi 16. 16th edn. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Sari, D., Nuryanti and Taufiqurrahman (2015) ‘Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja Dan Komitmen Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pada Pt.Puskopkar Riau Pekanbaru’, Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi, 2.

Sattayaraksa, T. and Boon-itt, S. (2017) ‘The roles of CEO transformational leadership and organizational factors on product innovation performance’, European Journal of Innovation Management, 21(3). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-06-2017-0077.

Schnake, M. E. and Dumler, M. P. (2003) ‘Levels of Measurement and Analysis Issues in Organizational Citizenship Behavior Research’, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 76(3), pp. 283–301. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/096317903769647184.

Schneider, B., Ehrhart, M. G. and Macey, W. H. (2011) ‘Perspectives on organizational climate and culture’, in Building and developing the organization, pp. 373–414. doi: https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/12169-012.

Scialpi, D. (2016) No Title, The role of Person-Organization fit in Employer Branding. Available at: https://davidescialpi.medium.com/guest-post-the-role-of-person-organization-fit-in-employer-branding-4d98961e48be.

Silverthorne, C. (2004) ‘The impact of organizational culture and person-organization fit on organizational commitment and job satisfaction in Taiwan’, Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(7), pp. 592–599. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01437730410561477.

Sinaga, M. and Riyanto, S. (2021) ‘Training and Development to Improve Employee Performance’, Jurnal Ekonomi Bisnis dan Manajemen, 8(2), pp. 66–71. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.36987/ecobi.v8i2.2153.

Sivaprakasam, S. N. and Sekar, P. C. (2009) ‘A Person-Organisation Fit Study of College Work Culture and Its Impact on Behavioural Intentions of Teachers’, Asia Pacific Management Review, 14(2).

Sutrisno, D. and Chaeruddin (2020) ‘The Reaction Over Employees Performance Through Organizational Culture and Organizational Commitment Variables whom Mediated by Organizational Citizenship Behaviour and Its Implications at PT Sharprindo Dinamika Prima’, Dinasti International Journal of Management Science, 1(6).

Wei, Y.-C. (2013) ‘Person-Organization Fit and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Time Perspective’, Journal of Management & Organization, 19(1). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jmo.2013.7.

Zayas-Ortiz, M. et al. (2015) ‘Relationship Between Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in a sample of Private Banking Employees’, International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 35, pp. 91–106.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jbme.v6i2.36647

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

Journal of Business Management Education (JBME)is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats