Perbedaan Jenis Kelamin, Usia, dan Body Mass Index (BMI) Hubungannya dengan Kebugaran Jasmani Lanjut Usia

Seni Oktriani, Nurlan Kusmaedi, Hamidie Ronald Daniel Ray, Anang Setiawan

Abstract


Permasalahan kebugaran jasmani pada lanjut usia akan berhubungan dengan aktivitas yang dilakukan oleh lanjut usia tersebut termasuk dampak dari aktivitas jasmani atau olahraga yang dilakukan secara rutin (teratur dan terukur). Terdapat banyak aspek yang dapat mempengaruhi atau memiliki hubungan dengan kebugaran jasmani lanjut usia seperti jenis kelamin, usia, dan body mass index (BMI). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan antara jenis kelamin, usia, dan body mass index (BMI) dengan kebugaran jasmani lanjut usia. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif dengan desain korelasional. Teknik pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling dengan jumlah sampel adalah 37 orang lanjut usia yang memenuhi kriteria penelitian dengan usia 60 tahun ke atas. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan nilai probabilitas sebesar 0,012 yang artinya bahwa terdapat hubungan antara jenis kelamin, usia, dan body mass index (BMI) dengan kebugaran jasmani lanjut usia. Kesimpulannya bahwa beberapa faktor seperti jenis kelamin, rentang usia, dan body mass index (BMI) pada masing-masing lansia akan berhubungan dengan tingkat kebugaran jasmaninya. Sehingga, hal ini dapat dijadikan sebagai rujukan bagi para lansia untuk selalu menjaga kebugaran jasmani dengan memperhatikan faktor-faktor tersebut.

The problem of physical fitness in the elderly will be related to the activities carried out by the elderly, including the impact of physical activities or sports carried out regularly (regularly and measured). There are many aspects that can affect or have a relationship with elderly physical fitness such as gender, age, and body mass index (BMI). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between sex, age, and body mass index (BMI) with physical fitness of the elderly. The research method used is quantitative research with a correlational design. The sampling technique in this study is purposive sampling with the number of samples is 37 elderly people who meet the research criteria with the age of 60 years and over. The results of this study indicate the probability value of 0.012 which means that there is a relationship between sex, age, and body mass index (BMI) with physical fitness of the elderly. The conclusion is that several factors such as gender, age range, and body mass index (BMI) in each elderly will be related to the level of physical fitness. So, this can be used as a reference for the elderly to always maintain physical fitness by taking into account these factors


Keywords


Jenis Kelamin, Usia, Body Mass Index, Kebugaran Jasmani, Lanjut Usia

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jtikor.v5i1.24895

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