Nutrisi Bagi Atlet Remaja

Syarifah Zahra, Muhlisin Muhlisin

Abstract


Atlet membutuhkan nutrisi yang lebih dibandingkan orang biasa. Kebutuhan Nutrisi bagi atlet remaja penting sebagai suplemen untuk menghasilkan energi, pertumbuhan, performa maupun proses dalam pemulihan (recovery). Artikel ini bertujuan menjelaskan aspek apa saja yang harus diperhatikan dalam memenuhi nutrisi bagi atlet remaja. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitan kepustakaan (library research). Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode dokumentasi (literasi). Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis anotasi bibliografi (annotated bibliography). Beberapa aspek penting dalam pemenuhan nutrisi atlet remaja antara lain:  Aspek kebutuhan kalori (calorie needs), makro nutrient (macro nutrient), hidrasi (hydration), waktu (timing), dan suplemen (supplementation). Semua aspek pemenuhan nutrisi bagi atlet remaja adalah sama pentingnya untuk menunjang performa khususnya pada atlet remaja.

Athletes need more nutrition than ordinary people. Nutrition needs for adolescent athletes are important as a supplement to produce energy, growth, performance and recovery processes. This article aims to explain what aspects must be considered in meeting nutrition for adolescent athletes. This type of research is library research. The data collection method uses the documentation (literacy) method. Analysis of the data used in this study is the analysis of bibliographic annotations (annotated bibliography). Some important aspects in fulfilling the nutrition of adolescent athletes include: Calorie needs, macronutrients, hydration, timing, and supplementation. All aspects of fulfilling nutrition for adolescent athletes are equally important to support performance, especially in adolescent athletes.


Keywords


Nutrition, Young Athlete, Nutrisi, Atlet, remaja, makro, mikro

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ami W. Anzilotti, MD. (2019). Sport Drink and Energi Drinks. https://kidshealth.org /en/teens/sports-Energi-drinks.html? WT.ac =ctg #catnutrition (diakses pada 18 Oktober 2019)

Ben Desbrow , Nicholas A Burd, etc. (2019). Nutrition for Special Populations: Young, Female, and Masters Athletes (Journal) International Journal Of Sport Nutrition, Exercise and metabolism

Ilaria St. Florian, MS, RD. (2018). The 101 on Nutrition in Young Athletes. https://www.stamfordhealth.org/healthflash-blog/fitness-wellness/nutrition-

J. Clifford and K. Maloney. Nutrition for Athletes. Journal of Colorado State University, 9362 Fact. Sheet No. 7/15.

Jennifer Sacheck, Ph.D. and Nicole Schultz, M.S., MPH. Optimal Nutrition for Youth Athletes: Food Sources and Fuel Timing. National Youth Sports Health & Safety Institute.

Jovanov Pavle , Đorđić Višnja , etc (2019) Prevalence, Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Using Sports Supplements Among Young Athletes. Journal Of International Society of Sport Nutrition

LutheranHospital. Hydration Tips for Young Athletes. Lutheran Weight Management Center and Lutheran Nutritional Services. www.lutheranhospital.com (diakses pada 16 Oktober 2019)

Mary L. Gavin, MD. (2015). Feeding Your Child Athlete. https://kidshealth.org/en/ parents/feed-child-athlete.html (diunduh pada 15 Oktober 2019)

Meyer F, O'Connor H, Shirreffs SM. (2009). Nutrition for the young athlete. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18049985/. (diakses pada 10 Oktober 2019)

PR Cole, MS and Timothy Trainor, MD (2009). Nutrition for Athletes. (International Journal) Nutrition and Athletic Performance position paper of the American College of Sports Medicine

Ronald J. Maughan. (2000). Nutrition in Sport (International Journal Volume VII of the Encyclopaedia of Sports Medicine an Ioc Medical Commission Publication). Blackwell Science Ltd

Rowland T. (2011). Fluid replacement requirements for child athletes. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21425887/. (diakses pada 10 Oktober 2019)

Smith JEW, Holmes ME, McAllister MJ (2015). Nutritional Considerations for Performance in Young Athletes (International journal Of Sport Medicine)




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jtikor.v5i1.25097

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Syarifah Zahra, Muhlisin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Penerbit:

Program Studi Ilmu Keolahragaan, Fakultas Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

View JTIKOR Statistics

 Creative Commons License
JTIKOR Jurnal Terapan Ilmu Keolahragaan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.