A contrastive analysis of Korean-Indonesian phonological structures

Asma Azizah


This paper discusses the contrastive analysis of Korean-Indonesian phonological structure. The contrastive analysis here covers phonological correspondence and phonotactic structure between Korean-Indonesian. It also provides an implication on pronunciation learning, especially Korean language learners from Indonesia. This paper is a qualitive-descriptive research, using literature study from books, journals, and other related resources. This study concludes that Korean has more monophthongs and diphthongs than Indonesian, with Correspondence between Indonesian’s ‘ə’ and Korean’s ‘ɨ’, Korean’s ‘ə (ㅓ), o (ㅗ)’ and Indonesian’s ‘o’, and Korean’s ‘e (ㅔ), ɜ (ㅐ)’ and Indonesian’s ‘e’. While Korean and Indonesian have different classification of consonant’s manner of articulation, especially on correspondence between voicing and affricative markedness. On syllable structure, Korean is considered to have stricter syllable structure than Indonesian, as seen on constraint applied on syllable.  These findings will help instructor to create more effective pronunciation learning, with comprehensive syllabus in using phonological theory and language skills. However, the suprasegmental aspect and phonological process are excluded from this research.


contrastive analysis; phonological system; pronunciation; syllable structures; pedagogy

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