Aktivitas Fisik yang Tinggi Dapat Mengatasi Obesitas Sentral

Titing Nurhayati, Putri Halleyana, Astrid Feinisa

Abstract


The As a developing country with various backgrounds, Indonesia is facing a double burden malnutrition problem, underweight and overweight, in all range of age. Besides focusing on malnutrition as one of unfinished business of the MDGs,  overweight or well-known as obesity is one of the risk factors of chronic diseases such as Diabetes and  Hypertension  which mentioned in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). One of the causes of obesity is the unbalance between diet and physical activity. Obesity can be classified based on body mass index, waist circumference, and the ratio of waist/hip circumference.  Waist circumference is needed to classify central obesity.  The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between physical activity and waist circumference. This study was performed using crossectional design towards resident of Cijulang sub-district of Pangandaran, West Java. Data were obtained using a GPAQ and additional questionnaire by interview method. The result of the analysis of the data using the gamma test indicated that there is a significant correlation between physical activity and waist circumference (p<0   ,0001) with a moderate correlation coeffi cient (r=0,444). This suggests that h igher physical activity was significantly associated with normal waist circumference (<80 cm female and <90 cm male). 

 

Abstrak

Sebagai negara berkembang dengan latar belakang penduduk yang  sangat beragam, Indonesia menghadapi tantangan double burden of   nutrition yaitu permasalahan underweight dan overweight pada hampir semua usia. Selain perlu terus memberikan perhatian yang memadai terhadap penanganan isu kekurangan gizi (malnutrition) yang juga merupakan salah satu unfinished business of the MDGs, overweight atau lebih sering dikenal dengan obesitas merupakan faktor resiko penyakit kronis seperti diabetes dan hipertensi. termasuk di dalam kerangka pembicaraan Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Salah satu penyebab obesitas adalah tidak seimbangnya asupan makanan dengan aktivitas fisik.  Obesitas dapat diklasifikasikan berdasarkan index masa tubuh, lingkar pinggang, dan rasio lingkar pinggang/pinggul. Khususnya untuk obesitas sentral dibutuhkan pengukuran lingkar pinggang. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat hubungan antara tingkat aktivitas fisik dengan lingkar pinggang. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian potong lintang pada masyarakat Kecamatan Cijulang Pangandaran Jawa Barat. Data diperoleh menggunakan kuisoner GPAQ dan tambahan lain dengan metode wawancara. Hasil analisis korelasi menggunakan uji gamma antara aktivitas fisik dengan lingkar pinggang menunjukan nilai signifikan (p <0.0001) dengan nilai korelasi (r=0,444) sedang. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa tingginya tingkat aktivitas fisik berbanding lurus dengan lingkar pinggang normal (<80cm pada wanita dan <90cm pada pria).

 


Keywords


Aktivitas fisik, lingkar pinggang, obesitas

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, N., Ibrahim, S., Adam, M., Nawi, A. M., Hassan, M. R., & Ghazi, H. F. (2016). Abdominal Obesity Indicators : Waist Circumference or Waist ‑ to ‑ hip Ratio in Malaysian Adults Population, 0–4. https://doi.org/10.4103/2008-7802.183654

Anokye, N. K., Trueman, P., Green, C., Pavey, T. G., & Taylor, R. S. (2012). Physical activity and health related quality of life. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-624

Consultation, W. H. O. E. (2008). Waist Circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio Report of a WHO Expert Consultation, (December), 8–11.

Djalalinia, S., Kelishadi, R., Qorbani, M., Peykari, N., Kasaeian, A., Naderimagham, S., … Farzadfar, F. (2016). A Systematic Review on the Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity , in Iranian Children and Adolescents, 26(3). https://doi.org/10.5812/ijp.2599.Review

Karastergiou, K., Smith, S. R., Greenberg, A. S., & Fried, S. K. (2012). Sex differences in human adipose tissues – the biology of pear shape, 1–12.

Kuk, J. L., Saunders, T. J., Davidson, L. E., & Ross, R. (2009). Age-related changes in total and regional fat distribution, 8, 339–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arr.2009.06.001

Novotny, R., Li, F., & Fialkowski, M. K. (2016). Prevalence of obesity and acanthosis nigricans among young children in the children ’ s healthy living program in the United States Af fi liated Paci fi c, 0(April), 6–11.

Poirier, P., & Després, J. (2003). Waist Circumference , Visceral Obesity , and Cardiovascular Risk. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitiation, 23, 161–169.

Riset Kesehatan Dasar.(2007). Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan. Pengembangan Kesehatan, Departemen Kesehatan, Republik Indonesia.

Strasser, B. (2013). Physical activity in obesity and metabolic syndrome, 1281, 141–159. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2012.06785.x

Suryana, & Fitri, Y. (2017). LEMAK TUBUH ( The Association Between Physical Activity with Body Mass Index ( BMI ) and Body Fat Composition ) Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes Aceh pada bulan prodi D-III Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Kemenkes, 2(November), 114–119.

Tiala, M. E. A., Tanudjaja, G. N., & Kalangi, S. J. R. (2013). Pinggang Pada Siswa Obes Sentral. Jurnal E-BioMedik, 1, 455–460.

Wiklund, P. (2016). The role of physical activity and exercise in obesity and weight management: time for critical appraisal. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2016.04.001

World Health Organization. (2015). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2014.

World Health Organization. (2018). Physical activity. WHO. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs385/en/

Zhu, S., Wang, Z., Heshka, S., Heo, M., Faith, M. S., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2018). Waist circumference and obesity-associated risk factors among whites in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey : clinical action thresholds 1 – 3, (July).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpjo.v3i2.12640

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 JURNAL PENDIDIKAN JASMANI DAN OLAHRAGA



Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

web
statistics

View My Stats