Three Times a Week Healthy Heart Gymnastics Series-I to Improve Physical Fitness of Elderlies

Nita Fitria, Lynna Lidyana, Shelly Iskandar, Leonardo Lubis, Ambrosius Purba


The decrease of physical fitness contributes to the morbidity and mortality rates of elderlies. Physical fitness of a person aged> 60 years is determined by the level of physical fitness examined through a six minute test. Efforts to improve physical fitness level through sport are needed, one of which is Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I (Healthy Heart Gymnastics Series-I) with the accurate exercise frequency. The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency of Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I that could improve cardiorespiratory fitness in elderlies. This study used pre-experimental method with pre-test and post-test design approach involving 27 healthy elderlies who followed a routine Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I exercise at the Nursing Home. The research subjects were divided into 3 groups based on the frequency of gymnastics activity per week including 3, 4, and 5 times a week for 6 weeks. Improved physical fitness was determined through the distance traveled by the participants on the 6-minute test at week 1 and week 6. The traveled distance difference was analyzed by using Independent t-test with a p-value <0.05. The elderly group who did Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I three times a week had a significant mean difference (-106.0; p = 0.009), while groups who performed 4 and 5 times a week exercises did not show significant results. In conclusion, this study provides evidence that Senam Jantung Sehat Seri-I three times a week could improve cardiorespiratory fitness.


Elderlies, Healthy Heart Gymnastics, Physical Fitness

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