Improving Orientation and Mobility Abilities through Ball with Sound Media Innovation for Students with Visual Impairment

Febriana Pratiwi


The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of voiced ball media innovation on orientation and mobility abilities in physical education learning for low vision students. The research method uses one group pre-posttest. Participants in this study were as many as 6 low vision students consisting of 3 men and 3 women, with an age range of 8-10 years. Data analysis using t-test. The results showed that the innovation of voiced ball media had a significant effect of 2.05 (α = 0.05) on the orientation and mobility abilities of low vision students. Conclusions of voiced ball media innovation help improve orientation and mobility abilities in physical education learning for low vision students. The innovation of voiced ball media can be one of the alternative media for physical education teachers in providing learning specific learning that uses ball media for students with visual impairments.



Tujuan penelitian ini ialah untuk mengetahui pengaruh inovasi bola bersuara terhadap kemampuan orientasi dan mobilitas dalam pembelajaran pendidikan jasmani bagi siswa tunanetra. Metode penelitian menggunakan one group pre-posttest. Partisipan dalam penelitian ini yaitu sebanyak 6 siswa low vision terdiri atas 3 laki-laki dan 3 perempuan, dengan rentang usia 8-10 tahun. Analisis data menggunakan uji-t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa inovasi media bola bersuara memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan sebesar 2,05 (α=0.05) terhadap kemampuan orientasi dan mobilitas siswa tunanetra. Simpulan inovasi media bola bersuara membantu meningkatkan kemampuan orientasi dan mobilitas dalam pembelajaran pendidikan jasmani bagi siswa tunanetra.


Tunanetra, pendidikan jasmnai, orientasi dan mobilitas, bola bersuara

Full Text:



Cattaneo, Z., Fantino, M., Silvanto, J., Tinti, C., Pascual-Leone, A., & Vecchi, T. (2010). Symmetry perception in the blind. Acta Psychologica, 134(3), 398–402.

Goodrich, G. L., & Ludt, R. (2003). Assessing visual detection ability for mobility in individuals with low vision. Visual Impairment Research, 5(2), 57–71.

Kiuru, T., Metso, M., Utriainen, M., Metsävainio, K., Jauhonen, H. M., Rajala, R., … Sylberg, J. (2018). Assistive device for orientation and mobility of the visually impaired based on millimeter wave radar technology—Clinical investigation results. Cogent Engineering, 5(1), 1–12.

Lacey, G., & Dawson-Howe, K. M. (1998). The application of robotics to a mobility aid for the elderly blind. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 23(4), 245–252.

Martins, M. M., Santos, C. P., Frizera-Neto, A., & Ceres, R. (2012). Assistive mobility devices focusing on Smart Walkers: Classification and review. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 60(4), 548–562.

Mowling, C. M., Fittipaldi-Wert, J., & Favoretto, L. (2017). Soundball: Teaching Tennis to Students with Visual Impairments. Strategies, 30(4), 3–10.

Papadopoulos, K., Koukourikos, P., Koustriava, E., Misiou, M., Varveris, A., & Elena, V. (2015). Audio-Haptic Map: An Orientation and Mobility Aid for Individuals with Blindness. Procedia Computer Science, 67(Dsai), 223–230.

Pereira, A., Nunes, N., Vieira, D., Costa, N., Fernandes, H., & Barroso, J. (2015). Blind Guide: An Ultrasound Sensor-based Body Area Network for Guiding Blind People. Procedia Computer Science, 67(Dsai), 403–408.

Poirier, C., Collignon, O., Scheiber, C., Renier, L., Vanlierde, A., Tranduy, D., … De Volder, A. G. (2006). Auditory motion perception activates visual motion areas in early blind subjects. NeuroImage, 31(1), 279–285.

Rodriguez-Sanchez, M. C., Moreno-Alvarez, M. A., Martin, E., Borromeo, S., & Hernandez-Tamames, J. A. (2014). Accessible smartphones for blind users: A case study for a wayfinding system. Expert Systems with Applications, 41(16), 7210–7222.

Seybold, D. (2005). The psychosocial impact of acquired vision loss-Particularly related to rehabilitation involving orientation and mobility. International Congress Series, 1282, 298–301.

Society, M. (n.d.). Tips for teaching sport to visually impaired students.

Tepfer, A. (2004). The Socialization of Elite Blind Athletes into Sport.

Velten, M. C. C., Ugrinowitsch, H., Portes, L. L., Hermann, T., & Bläsing, B. (2016). Auditory spatial concepts in blind football experts. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 22, 218–228.

Wiskochil, B., & Lieberman, L. (2007). The Effects of Trained Peer Tutors on the Physical Education of Children Who Are Visually Impaired. … of Visual Impairment & …, 101(June), 339–351. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. web

View My Stats