Anaerobic Capacity Level Differences of Each Player Position in Volleyball

Muhamad Wilman Nugraha, L Lily


Volleyball is one of the most popular sports in the world. To be a professional volleyball player, a coach needs to know how to train their athletes. According to the physiological component, the most used energy of a volleyball player comes from ATP-PC and glycolysis. This study aimed to classify an anaerobic capacity standard of male volleyball athletes in Indonesia. In this study, 60 athletes participated in 2 levels: Junior 15-17-year-old High School student level and 18-25-year-old University student level. The samples were chosen according to their achievement in national-level competitions in the last few years. The measurement used the Running Anaerobic Sprint Test, Vertical Jump Test, and 5-Meter Multiple Shuttle Repeat Sprint Test. The analysis employed an ANOVA test using SPSS 16 and Tukey post hoc test. This study found differences in several anaerobic performance aspects of each position in the same level of competition and at the different levels of competition. In the junior-level athletes, a significant difference was found in the average power between outside hitter and libero, peak power vertical jump between middle blocker and libero, and total distance achieved among outside hitter, opposite hitter, and setter. Senior-level athletes showed a significance different in maximum power, average power, and fatigue index of outside hitters, middle blocker, opposite hitters, setter, and libero, peak power of vertical jump among hitters, setter, and libero, and total distance achieved by hitters, setter, and libero. In conclusion, senior-level athletes showed superiority shown by higher scores of anaerobic capacity than junior-level athletes. It is suggested to conduct more research on the characteristics of each position in volleyball to train athletes more effectively and efficiently according to their position. 


Volleyball, Anaerobic Capacity, Position, Level Competition.

Full Text:



Andrew, D. P. S., Pedersen, P. M., & McEvoy, C. D. (2019). Research methods and design in sport management. Human Kinetics.

Ciemiński, K. (2017). The efficiency of executing technical actions by female volleyball players depending on their positions on the court. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity, 9(3), 44–52.

Draper, P. N., & Whyte, G. (1997). Anaerobic performance testing.

Durandt, J., Tee, J. C., Prim, S. K., & Lambert, M. I. (2006). Physical fitness components associated with performance in a multiple-sprint test. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 1(2), 150–160.

Education, C. (2011). Coaching volleyball technical and tactical skills. Human Kinetics.

Fattahi, A., Ameli, M., Sadeghi, H., & Mahmoodi, B. (2012). Relationship between anthropometric parameters with vertical jump in male elite volleyball players due to game’s position. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 7(3), 714–726.

Kasabalis, A., Douda, H., & Tokmakidis, S. P. (2005). Relationship between anaerobic power and jumping of selected male volleyball players of different ages. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 100(3), 607–614.

Lenberg, K. (2006). Volleyball skills & drills. Human Kinetics.

Marques, M. C., Van den Tillaar, R., Gabbett, T. J., Reis, V. M., & González-Badillo, J. J. (2009). Physical fitness qualities of professional volleyball players: determination of positional differences. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23(4), 1106–1111.

Nikolaidis, P. T., Ziv, G., Arnon, M., & Lidor, R. (2012). Physical characteristics and physiological attributes of female volleyball players—the need for individual data. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(9), 2547–2557.

Norkowski, H. (2001). Anaerobic capacity of athletes representing selected team sports. J Hum Kin, 5, 23–28.

Palao, J. M., Manzanares, P., & Valadés, D. (2014). Anthropometric, physical, and age differences by the player position and the performance level in volleyball. Journal of Human Kinetics, 44, 223.

Pendleton, M. H. W. (1997). Reliability and validity of the Welsh rugby union shuttle run test. Unpublished BSc Dissertation, University of Wales Institute Cardiff, Cardiff, Wales, UK.

Reilly, T., Secher, N., Snell, P., Williams, C., & Williams, C. (2005). Physiology of sports. Routledge.

Santosa, I., Setiowati, A., & Indrawati, F. (2019). The running-based anaerobic sprint test of different type of sports. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1387(1), 12146. IOP Publishing.

Saxena, S. (2014). Volleyball and Its Greatest Players. The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc.

Sayers, S. P., Harackiewicz, D. V, Harman, E. A., Frykman, P. N., & Rosenstein, M. T. (1999). Cross-validation of three jump power equations. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31(4), 572–577.

Scates, A., Linn, M., & Kowalick, V. (2003). Complete Conditioning for Volleyball. Retrieved from

Schaal, M., Ransdell, L. B., Simonson, S. R., & Gao, Y. (2013). Physiologic performance test differences in female volleyball athletes by competition level and player position. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(7), 1841–1850.

Smith, M. F. (2010). Research methods in sport. Learning Matters.

Vargas, J., Loureiro, M., Nikolaidis, P. T., Knechtle, B., Laporta, L., Marcelino, R., & Afonso, J. (2018). Rethinking monolithic pathways to success and talent identification: The case of the women’s Japanese Volleyball Team and why height is not everything. Journal of Human Kinetics, 64(1), 233–245.

Young, W. (1995). A simple method for evaluating the strength qualities of the leg extensor muscles and jumping abilities. Strength and Conditioning Coach, 2(4), 5–8.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Muhamad Wilman Nugraha

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats