Construct Validity of Emotional Intelligence Scale for Sports Students

Yusuf Hidayat, Burhan Hambali, Dini Tresdani


Emotional intelligence measurement is a potentially important construct and has become one of the most exciting issues in psychological research. This study aimed to test the construct validity of the emotional intelligence scale developed for sports students. The research employed a quantitative approach using a survey method. Participants involved in this study were 280 active sports students. Data were collected through an emotional intelligence scale and analyzed using factor analysis, namely exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) methods on Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using AMOS 22 software. The fit index test model was based on three categories: absolute fit indices, incremental fit indices, and parsimony fit indices. It indicates that the scale met the valid and reliable criteria for measuring the emotional intelligence of sports students. There were 27 question items declared valid, meaning that all of these items measured the five components, including 14 indicators constructed according to the Bar-on conceptual model.


Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Emotional Intelligence Scale, Structure Equation Modeling

Full Text:



Arifin, W. N., Bahri Yusoff, M. S., & Naing, N. N. (2012). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of USM Emotional Quotient Inventory (USMEQ-i) among medical degree program applicants in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). Education in Medicine Journal, 4(2).

Bar-On, R. (2006). The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI) 1. Psicothema, 13-25.

Brackett, M. A., Rivers, S. E., & Salovey, P. (2011). Emotional intelligence: Implications for personal, social, academic, and workplace success. Social and personality psychology compass, 5(1), 88-103.

Campbell, S., Greenwood, M., Prior, S., Shearer, T., Walkem, K., Young, S., ... & Walker, K. (2020). Purposive sampling: complex or simple? Research case examples. Journal of research in Nursing, 25(8), 652-661.

Coskun, K., Oksuz, Y., & Yilmaz, H. B. (2017a). Ten Years Emotional Intelligence Scale ( TYEIS ): Its Development , Validity and Ten Years Emotional Intelligence Scale ( TYEIS ): Its Development , Validity and Reliability. February.

Coskun, K., Oksuz, Y., & Yilmaz, H. B. (2017b). Ten years emotional intelligence scale (TYEIS): Its development, validity and reliability. International Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 4(2), 122–133.

Davies, K. A., Lane, A. M., Devonport, T. J., & Scott, J. A. (2010). Validity and reliability of a Brief Emotional Intelligence Scale (BEIS-10). Journal of Individual Differences, 31(4), 198.

Etikan, I., & Bala, K. (2017). Biometrics and Biostratistics. International Journal Sampling and Sampling Methods, 5(6), 215–217.

Ghozali, I. (2017). Model Persamaan Struktural Konsep dan Aplikasi Dengan Program Amos 22.0 (Keempat.). Badan Penerbit Undip.

Goleman, D. (2005). Working with emotional intelligence-kecerdasan emosi untuk mencapai puncak prestasi. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Gunarto, M. (2018). Analisis statistika dengan model persamaan struktural. Alfabeta.

Hambali, B., Hidayat, Y., Yudiana, Y., Juliantine, T., Rahmat, A., Gumilar, A., & Nugraha, R. (2021). Performance Assessment Instrument Model in Defensive Lob Learning for Elementary School Students. TEGAR: Journal of Teaching Physical Education in Elementary School, 4(2), 88-95.

Hidayat, Y., Hambali, B., & Tresdani, D. Construct Validity of Emotional Intelligence Scale for Sports Students. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani dan Olahraga, 7(2), 149-159.

Henson, R. K. Roberts., JK (2006). Use of Exploratory Factor Analysis in Published Research Common Errors and Some Comment on Improved Practice. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(3), 393-416.

Hidayat, Y., & Hambali, B. (2018). Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Self-Confidence Scale among Beginner Badminton Child-Athletes-A Pilot Study. Icsshpe, 951–956.

Hidayat, Y., & Hambali, B. (2019, September). Validation of the Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale Among Beginner Badminton Child-Athletes. In 3rd International Conference on Sport Science, Health, and Physical Education (ICSSHPE 2018) (pp. 299-303). Atlantis Press.

Ibrahim, M. M. (2012). The development of the measurement instrument for the emotional intelligence of the intellectually gifted students. Jurnal Evaluasi Pendidikan, 3(2), 173-187.

Iedliany, F., Fahmie, A., & Kusrini, E. (2018). Pengembangan dan validasi instrumen pengukuran efektivitas tim di usaha mikro kecil dan menengah (UMKM). Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 3(2), 177-196.

Ioannidou, F., & Konstantikaki, V. (2008). Empathy and emotional intelligence: What is it really about. International Journal of caring sciences, 1(3), 118-123.

Iskandar, A. (2017). Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

Jebb, A. T., Ng, V., & Tay, L. (2021). A review of key Likert scale development advances: 1995–2019. Frontiers in psychology, 12, 637547.

Joshi, A., Kale, S., Chandel, S., & Pal, D. K. (2015). Likert scale: Explored and explained. British journal of applied science & technology, 7(4), 396.

Ketut, A. S. N. (2018). Pengembangan Instrumen Sikap Kreatif Mahasiswa Program Studi Bimbingan dan Konseling. Realita: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling, 1(1).

Kline, P. (1994). An easy guide to factor analysisRoutledge. New York.[Google Scholar].

Kusnendi, M. S. (2008). Model-model Persamaan Struktural Satu dan Multigroup Sample dengan LISREL. Alfabeta, Bandung.

Lane, A. M., Meyer, B. B., Devonport, T. J., Davies, K. A., Thelwell, R., Gill, G. S., ... & Weston, N. (2009). Validity of the emotional intelligence scale for use in sport. Journal of sports science & medicine, 8(2), 289.

Muhid, A., Suhadiyanto, S., & Nurhidayat, D. (2015). Pengembangan alat ukur psikologi.

Ng, K. M., Wang, C., Zalaquett, C. P., & Bodenhorn, N. (2007). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale in a sample of international college students. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 29(3), 173-185.

Petrides, K. V., Niven, L., & Mouskounti, T. (2006). The trait emotional intelligence of ballet dancers and musicians. Psicothema, 18, 101-107.

Pichardo, C., Justicia, F., de la Fuente, J., Martínez-Vicente, J. M., & Berbén, A. B. (2014). Factor structure of the self-regulation questionnaire (SRQ) at Spanish Universities. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 17.

Raines-Eudy, R. (2000). Using structural equation modeling to test for differential reliability and validity: An empirical demonstration. Structural equation modeling, 7(1), 124-141.

Rungson Chomeya. (2010). Quality Psychology Test Between Likert scale 5 points and 6 points. Journal of Social Sciences, 6(3), 399–403.

Said, H., Badru, B. B., & Shahid, M. (2011). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for testing validity and reliability instrument in the study of education. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(12), 1098-1103.

Singh, A. S., & Masuku, M. B. (2014). Sampling techniques & determination of sample size in applied statistics research: An overview. International Journal of economics, commerce and management, 2(11), 1-22.

Stein, S. J., Book, H. E., Januarsari, T. R., Mustanto, Y., & Mansoor, S. (2000). Ledakan EQ: 15 prinsip dasar kecerdasan emosional meraih sukses. Penerbit Kaifa.

Triatna, C., & Kharisma, R. (2008). EQ power panduan meningkatkan kecerdasan emosional. Bandung: Citra Praya.

Willmer, M., Westerberg Jacobson, J., & Lindberg, M. (2019). Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the 9-Item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale in a multi-occupational female sample: a cross-sectional study. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 2771.

Wulandari, R. (2019). Uji Validitas Alat Ukur Kecerdasan Emosi (The Emotional Competence Inventory 2.0). JP3I (Jurnal Pengukuran Psikologi dan Pendidikan Indonesia), 2(8).

Wong, K. Y. A., & Yin Cheung, S. (2010). Confirmatory factor analysis of the test of gross motor development-2. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 14(3), 202-209.

Yong, A. G., & Pearce, S. (2013). A beginner’s guide to factor analysis: Focusing on exploratory factor analysis. Tutorials in quantitative methods for psychology, 9(2), 79-94.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Yusuf Hidayat, Burhan Hambali, Dini Tresdani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats