Alcohol Consumption and Scholastic Performance of Collegiate Physical Education Students

Arvin Alcaraz Andacao, Fermar Mapayo Lad


Alcohol is widely used in the world. Either for happiness or resolving problems, college students continue to have interaction with alcoholic drinks. This paper was aimed to examine the connection  between alcohol intake and scholastic performance of second-year college students who took Physical Education subject in Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology. The authors employed descriptive-correlational design with 115 students as samples out of 377 participated respondents. One set of adopted, contextualized, and tested 15-items of types of drinker instrument gaining excellent Cronbach’s alpha was used. Academic grades had been acquired and generated from an electronic database school system for academic records of the students. The findings discovered that the general level of alcohol consumption of the students was moderate, while the overall educational performance score was generally determined as satisfactory. The students aged 15 to 17 years gained f value 6758.46 (p<0.01), while the students aged 18 to 20 years gained f=3564.71 (p<0.01). Each of the result defined the sizable distinction within the alcohol consumption of college students. Meanwhile, the investigation also observed an extensive distinction in the level of alcohol use analyzed by gender (f=1780.55; p<0.01). Courses and study time parameters did not show statistically significant difference in alcohol consumption. Finally, alcohol intake was not significantly correlated to instructional performance. Furthermore, the problem and high-risk of drinking in students had been found out for the maximum salience of the study.  A functional and sustainable moral recovery program of each school organization that includes risk assessment, alcohol and drug education, mental health, physical exercises, games and sports, and recreational activities is recommended.



Academic performance, alcohol consumption, college students

Full Text:



Aertgeerts, B., & Buntinx, F. (2002). The relation between alcohol abuse or dependence and academic performance in first-year college students. Journal of adolescent health, 31(3), 223-225.

Alimen, R. A. &Alimen, M. D. (2012). Incidence of substance use among selected adolescents in the City of Iloilo. Liceo Journal of Higher Education Research, 8 (1).

Allen, H. K., Calhoun, B. H., & Maggs, J. L. (2020). High-risk alcohol use behavior and daily academic effort among college students. Journal of American college health, 1-5.

Bollen, Z., Pabst, A., Creupelandt, C., Fontesse, S., Lannoy, S., Pinon, N., & Maurage, P. (2020). Prior drinking motives predict alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 lockdown: A cross-sectional online survey among Belgian college students. Addictive Behaviors, 106772.

Brenman, A., & Wade, T. J. (2020). The influence of self-perceptions of attractiveness on substance use: Sex differences in predictors of alcohol consumption in college students.

Caamano-Isorna, F., Adkins, A., Aliev, F., Moure-Rodríguez, L., & Dick, D. M. (2020). Population attributable fraction of early age of onset of alcohol use in alcohol abuse and dependence: a 3-year follow-up study in university students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), 2159.

Chavarria, J., Fridberg, D. J., Obst, E., Zimmermann, U. S., & King, A. (2020). Subjective alcohol responses in high‐and low‐risk adolescents: Results from the Dresden longitudinal study on alcohol use in young adults. Addiction.

Conegundes, L. S. O., Valente, J. Y., Martins, C. B., Andreoni, S., & Sanchez, Z. M. (2020). Binge drinking and frequent or heavy drinking among adolescents: prevalence and associated factors. Jornal de Pediatria, 96(2), 193-201.

Corbin, W. R., Hartman, J. D., Curlee, A. S., Zalewski, S., & Fromme, K. (2020). The role of relationship changes in college students’ heavy episodic drinking. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 44(6), 1273-1283.

Corbin, W. R., Waddell, J. T., Ladensack, A., & Scott, C. (2020). I drink alone: Mechanisms of risk for alcohol problems in solitary drinkers. Addictive behaviors, 102, 106147.

Counts, C. J., & John-Henderson, N. A. (2020). Risk in childhood family environments and loneliness in college students: Implications for health. Journal of American College Health, 68(4), 381-386.

Davoren, M. P., Demant, J., Shiely, F., & Perry, I. J. (2016). Alcohol consumption among university students in Ireland and the United Kingdom from 2002 to 2014: a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 173.

Dumbili, E. W. (2020). Drinking practices and alcohol-related problems among Nigerian students. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 27(3), 238-247.

Editorial Staff (2020, October 9). Problem drinker defined. American Addiction Centers. Retrieved December 27, 2020 from

Edwards, K. M., Wheeler, L. A., Rizzo, A., & Banyard, V. L. (2020). Testing an integrated model of alcohol norms and availability, binge drinking, and teen dating violence. Journal of psychoactive drugs, 1-8.

El Ansari, W., Salam, A., & Suominen, S. (2020). Is alcohol consumption associated with poor perceived academic performance? Survey of undergraduates in Finland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4), 1369.

El Ansari, W., Stock, C., & Mills, C. (2013). Is alcohol consumption associated with poor academic achievement in university students? International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4(10), 1175.

Frederick, A. (2020). Motivations and Potential Consequences Associated with Health-Conscious Drinking (Doctoral dissertation, Miami University).

Frostburg State University (2020). High-risk consumption. Reality Check. Retrieved December 26, 2020 from

Gervilla, E., Jiménez, R., Anupol, J., Duch, M., & Sesé, A. (2020). Breath alcohol concentration and perception of drunkenness: a comparison between adolescents and young adults drinking alcohol in public settings. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(8), 2890.

Gierski, F., Stefaniak, N., Benzerouk, F., Gobin, P., Schmid, F., Henry, A., ... & Naassila, M. (2020). Component process analysis of verbal memory in a sample of students with a binge drinking pattern. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 100323.

Graczyk, A. M., Leone, L. A., Orom, H., Ziegler, A. M., Crandall, A. K., Klasko-Foster, L. B., & Temple, J. L. (2020). Alcohol mixed energy drink usage and risk-taking among college students in Western New York State. Journal of American college health, 1-14.

Granja, G. L., Lacerda-Santos, J. T., de Moura Brilhante, D., de Sousa Nóbrega, Í., Granville-Garcia, A. F., Junior, A. D. F. C., & dos Santos, J. A. (2020). Smoking and alcohol consumption among university students of the healthcare area. Journal of Public Health, 28(1), 45-52.

Greene, K. M., & Maggs, J. L. (2020). Drinking, social abstaining, and refusing invitations: demographic differences persist across college. Alcoholism: clinical and experimental research, 44(1), 203-211.

Hahn, S. L., Lipson, S. K., & Sonneville, K. R. (2020). Dietary self-monitoring is associated with increased likelihood of problematic alcohol use among college students. Journal of American College Health, 1-6.

Hamilton, H. R., Armeli, S., & Tennen, H. (2020). Drink (Socially) and Be Merry: Predicting Enjoyment and Self-Perceptions From Alcohol Consumption Among College Students. Emerging Adulthood, 2167696820949783.

Hernandez, J. R. S., Muñoz, R. G. V., & Mañibo, J. S. (2020). Social anxiety, self-esteem and alcohol expectancy among problem drinkers. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, Arts and Sciences, 7(1)

Htet, H., Saw, Y. M., Saw, T. N., Htun, N. M. M., Lay Mon, K., Cho, S. M., ... & Hamajima, N. (2020). Prevalence of alcohol consumption and its risk factors among university students: A cross-sectional study across six universities in Myanmar. Plos One, 15(2), e0229329.

Ingram, J., Maciejewski, G., & Hand, C. J. (2020). Changes in diet, sleep, and physical activity are associated with differences in negative mood during COVID-19 lockdown. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 2328.

Jenzer, T., Egerton, G. A., & Read, J. P. (2020). Learning from drinking experiences in college: A test of reciprocal determinism with drinking refusal self-efficacy. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.

Kazemi, D. M., Borsari, B., Levine, M. J., Li, S., Shehab, M., Fang, F., & Norona, J. C. (2020). Effectiveness of a Theory-Based mHealth Intervention for High-Risk Drinking in College Students. Substance Use & Misuse, 1-10.

Kim, Y., & Kuan, G. (2020). Relationship between alcohol consumption and drinking refusal self-efficacy among university students: the roles of sports type and gender. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(12), 4251.

Kwon, Y. S., Kim, S. C., Lee, Y. R., & Hyun, M. H. (2020). Effects of thwarted interpersonal needs and acute alcohol consumption on cognition and affect about death. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 48(4), 1-12.

Larimer, M. E., Parker, M., Lostutter, T., Rhew, I., Eakins, D., Lynch, A., ... & Duran, B. (2020). Perceived descriptive norms for alcohol use among tribal college students: Relation to self-reported alcohol use, consequences, and risk for alcohol use disorder. Addictive Behaviors, 102, 106158.

López-Frías, M., De La Fe Fernandez, M., Planells, E., Miranda, M. T., Mataix, J., & Llopis, J. (2001). Alcohol consumption and academic performance in a population of Spanish high school students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62(6), 741-744.

Mandziuk, M., Wasilewska, M., & Lukács, A. (2020). Alcohol consumption among students in the Lublin Region of Poland. Health Problems of Civilization, 14(1), 18-23.

Martinez, J. A., Sher, K. J., & Wood, P. K. (2008). Is heavy drinking really associated with attrition from college? The alcohol-attrition paradox. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 22(3), 450.

Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Social drinker. In dictionary. Retrieved December 26, 2020, from

Morrell, M. N., Reed, D. D., & Martinetti, M. P. (2020). The behavioral economics of the bottomless cup: The effects of alcohol cup price on consumption in college students. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. Advance online publication.

Novello, J. (2019, February 28). What is “high risk” or heavy drinking? Health4U Program. Office of the University Physician. Michigan State University. Retrieved December 26, 2020 from

Nyandu, A., & Ross, E. (2020). Alcohol consumption among undergraduate social work students at a South African university. Social Work Education, 39(4), 515-533.

Oldham, M., Callinan, S., Whitaker, V., Fairbrother, H., Curtis, P., Meier, P., ... & Holmes, J. (2020). The decline in youth drinking in England—is everyone drinking less? A quantile regression analysis. Addiction, 115(2), 230-238.

Oluwafemi, A. (2020). Alcohol consumption as anticipator of academic performance among undergraduate students (a case study of Ondo State University of Science and Technology Okitipupa, Ondo State Nigeria). Ife PsychologIA, 28(1).

Ordinario, C. (2020, November 12). High alcohol, tobacco use lands PHL on Aspac ‘unhealthiest’ list. Business Mirror News. Retrieved February 11, 2021 from

Patrick, M. E., Terry-McElrath, Y. M., Evans-Polce, R. J., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2020). Negative alcohol-related consequences experienced by young adults in the past 12 months: Differences by college attendance, living situation, binge drinking, and sex. Addictive Behaviors, 105, 106320.

Philippine Statistics Authority. (2018). Highlights of 2015 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS): Alcohol and tobacco use. Special Release. Retrieved February 11, 2021 from

Pilatti, A., Bravo, A. J., & Pautassi, R. M. (2020). Contexts of alcohol use: A latent class analysis among Argentinean college students. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 209, 107936.

Pompili, S., & Laghi, F. (2020). Drunkorexia: disordered eating behaviors and risky alcohol consumption among adolescents. Journal of Health Psychology, 25(13-14), 2222-2232.

Reda, A. A., Moges, A., Wondmagegn, B. Y., & Biadgilign, S. (2012). Alcohol drinking patterns among high school students in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 213.

Romano, K. A., Stamates, A., Heron, K. E., Braitman, A. L., & Lau-Barraco, C. (2020). Sex and Racial Differences in Patterns of Disordered Eating and Alcohol Use. Behavioral Medicine, 1-13.

Rose, P. A, Schuckman, H. E., Oh, S. S., & Park, E. C. (2020). Associations between gender, alcohol use and negative consequences among Korean college students: a national study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(14), 5192.

Roys, M. R., Peltier, M. R., Stewart, S. A., Waters, A. F., Waldo, K. M., & Copeland, A. L. (2020). The association between problematic alcohol use, risk perceptions, and e-cigarette use. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 46(2), 224-231.

Salas, D. R. Q., & Hinlo, J. E. (n.d.). Alcohol consumption and crime incidence in the Philippines. Philippine Statistics Authority

Sæther, S. M. M., Knapstad, M., Askeland, K. G., & Skogen, J. C. (2019). Alcohol consumption, life satisfaction and mental health among Norwegian college and university students. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 10, 100216.

Singleton, R. A. (2007). Collegiate alcohol consumption and academic performance. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 68(4), 548-555.

Singleton, R. A., & Wolfson, A. R. (2009). Alcohol consumption, sleep, and academic performance among college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 70(3), 355-363.

Smith, R. K. (2020). Assessing the Role of Emotion Regulation in the Association Between Negative Urgency and College Drinking.

Swahn, M. H., Palmier, J. B., Benegas-Segarra, A., & Sinson, F. (2013). Alcohol marketing and drunkenness among students in the Philippines: Findings from the nationally representative Global School-based Student Health Survey. BMC Public Health. 13. 1159. 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1159.

Tarrant, M., Smith, J., Ball, S., Winlove, C., Gul, S., & Charles, N. (2019). Alcohol consumption among university students in the night-time economy in the UK: A three-wave longitudinal study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 204, 107522.

Tembo, C., Burns, S., & Kalembo, F. (2017). The association between levels of alcohol consumption and mental health problems and academic performance among young university students. PLoS One, 12(6), e0178142.

Villanueva, J. (2019, August 22). Economic cost of alcohol consumption seen at P211-B. Philippine News Agency. Retrieved February 11, 2021 from

Western Cape Government (2017, October). Alcohol abuse booklet. Social Development. South Africa.

Yoo, H. H., Cha, S. W., & Lee, S. Y. (2020). Patterns of Alcohol Consumption and Drinking Motives Among Korean Medical Students. Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research, 26, e921613-1.



Copyright (c) 2021 Arvin Alcaraz Andacao, Fermar Mapayo Lad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats