Physical Fitness of Female Soccer Players Based on Playing Position

Dzihan Khilmi Ayu Firdausi, Muhammad Eka Mardyansyah Simbolon


The purpose of this study was to gain insight into female soccer players’ physical performance profiles by observing their position in the field. The sample consisted of 17 athletes who were involved in regional training at the Papua National Sports Week (PON) 2021. The players were divided into three subgroups based on their position, including specific strikers, midfielders, and backs. The samples performed 10 item tests measuring physical performance components. Based on the playing position, there was no difference of BMI among the strikers, midfielders, and backs (F = 0.174, p> 0.05). The results of the bleep test showed no difference (F = 0.466, p> 0.05). The results of leg dynamometer (F = 0.898, p> 0.05), back dynamometer (F = 1.350, p> 0.05), and sit and reach (F = 0.543, p> 0.05) also showed no difference. There was also no difference in measurement results of hand dynamometer pull (F = 0.028, p> 0.05) and push (F = 1.107, p> 0.05). Moreover, the result of 50-meter sprint (F = 0.404, p> 0.05), sit up (F = 0.493, p> 0.05), push up (F = 2.204, p> 0.05), and shuttle run (F = 0.991, p> 0.05) also showed no difference. We believe that a female football player athletic ability is unaffected by their position in the field. The absence of variation in physical ability observed among female soccer players may be attributed to BMI. Coaches may use these results as reference data to classify strengths, select players, and monitor the preparation.


female soccer, physical fitness, playing position.

Full Text:



Alahmad, T. A., Kearney, P., & Cahalan, R. (2020). Injury in elite women’s soccer: a systematic review. Physician and Sportsmedicine, 00(00), 1–7.

Allison, R. (2018). Women’s soccer in the United States: introduction. Sport in Society, 21(7), 993–995.

Angius, L., Olla, S., Pinna, M., Mura, R., Marongiu, E., Roberto, S., Piras, F., Corona, F., Milia, R., Tocco, F., Concu, A., & Crisafulli, A. (2012). Aerobic and anaerobic capacity of adult and young professional soccer players. Sport Sciences for Health, 8(2–3), 95–100.

Boone, J., Vaeyens, R., Steyaert, Ad., Bossche, L. Vanden, & Bourgois, J. (2012). Physical Fitness of Elite Belgian Soccer Players by Player Position. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(8), 2051–2057.

Campos, E. Z., Gerosa-Neto, J., Lira, F. S., & Buonani, C. (2016). Metabolic profile is not associated with body composition parameters in recreational female futsal players: Metabolic profile and recreational female futsal players. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(1), 63–67.

Eustace, S. J., Page, R. M., & Greig, M. (2019). Isokinetic strength differences between elite senior and youth female soccer players identifies training requirements. Physical Therapy in Sport, 39, 45–51.

Firdausi, D. K. A., & Simbolon, M. E. M. (2018). The Association between Body Mass Index (BMI), Leg Power, Speed, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness (CRF) among Adolescents. 2nd Yogyakarta International Seminar on Health, Physical Education, and Sport Science (YISHPESS 2018), 1–3.

Haag, T. B., Schneider, A. S., Beckmann, C., Handel, M., Schneider, C., & Mayer, H. M. (2016). A test battery to investigate back pain in female soccer players. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(3), 361–367.

Hammami, M. A., Ben Klifa, W., Ben Ayed, K., Mekni, R., Saeidi, A., Jan, J., & Zouhal, H. (2020). Physical performances and anthropometric characteristics of young elite North-African female soccer players compared with international standards. Science and Sports, 35(2), 67–74.

Hammami, Mohamed Ali, Ben Abderrahmane, A., Nebigh, A., Le Moal, E., Ben Ounis, O., Tabka, Z., & Zouhal, H. (2013). Effects of a soccer season on anthropometric characteristics and physical fitness in elite young soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(6), 589–596.

Haugen, T. A., Tønnessen, E., Hem, E., Leirstein, S., & Seiler, S. (2014). VO2max Characteristics of Elite Female Soccer Players , 1989 – 2007. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9, 515–521.

Haugen, T. A., Tønnessen, E., & Seiler, S. (2012). Speed and countermovement-jump characteristics of elite female soccer players, 1995-2010. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 7(4), 340–349.

Hencken, C., & White, C. (2006). Anthropometric assessment of Premiership soccer players in relation to playing position. European Journal of Sport Science, 6(4), 205–211.

Ingebrigtsen, J., Dillern, T., & Shalfawi, S. A. I. (2011). AEROBIC CAPACITIES AND ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ELITE FEMALE SOCCER PLAYERS. Journal OfStrength and Conditioning Research, 25(13), 3352–3357.

Jenkins, N. D. M., Hawkey, M. J., Costa, P. B., Fiddler, R. E., Thompson, B. J., Ryan, E. D., Smith, D., Sobolewski, E. J., Conchola, E. C., Akehi, K., & Cramer, J. T. (2013). Functional hamstrings: Quadriceps ratios in elite women’s soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(6), 612–617.

Lockie, R. G., Moreno, M. R., Lazar, A., Orjalo, A. J., Giuliano, D. V., Risso, F. G., Davis, D. L., Crelling, J. B., Lockwood, J. R., & Jalilvand, F. (2018). The physical and athletic performance characteristics of division I collegiate female soccer players by position. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 32(2), 334–343.

Marinho, B. F., Follmer, B., Del Conti Esteves, J. V., & Andreato, L. V. (2016). Body composition, somatotype, and physical fitness of mixed martial arts athletes. Sport Sciences for Health, 12(2), 157–165.

Nikolaidis, P. T. (2014). Weight status and physical fitness in female soccer players: Is there an optimal BMI? Sport Sciences for Health, 10(1), 41–48.

Nikolaidis, Pantelis T. (2014). Physical fitness in female soccer players by player position: A focus on anaerobic power. Human Movement, 15(2), 74–79.

Nurhasan. (2017). Tes Kemampuan Komponen Fisik Dasar Cabang-Cabang Olahraga. FPOK Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Oliveira, A. J., Neto, G. A. M., Barros, O. D., Pedreiro, R., Murillo-Rodriguez, E., de Leon, A. C. P., & Machado, S. (2019). Association between physical fitness and psychological distress among Brazilian armed force personnel. Sport Sciences for Health, 15(1), 141–147.

Perroni, F., Gallotta, M. C., Pisano, S., Reis, V. M., Emerenziani, G. Pietro, Guidetti, L., & Baldari, C. (2018). Gender differences in anthropometric parameters and technical performance of youth soccer players. Sport Sciences for Health, 14(2), 399–405.

Perroni, F., Vetrano, M., Rainoldi, A., Guidetti, L., & Baldari, C. (2014). Relationship among explosive power, body fat, fat free mass and pubertal development in youth soccer players: A preliminary study. Sport Sciences for Health, 10(2), 67–73.

Torre, A., Vernillo, G., Rodigari, A., Maggioni, M., & Merati, G. (2007). Explosive strength in female 11-on-11 versus 7-on-7 soccer players. Sport Sciences for Health, 2(2), 80–84.

Torres-Luque, G., Calahorro-Cañada, F., Lara-Sánchez, A. J., Garatachea, N., & Nikolaidis, P. T. (2015). Body composition using bioelectrical impedance analysis in elite young soccer players: the effects of age and playing position. Sport Sciences for Health, 11(2), 203–210.

Vescovi, J. D., Rupf, R., Brown, T. D., & Marques, M. C. (2011). Physical performance characteristics of high-level female soccer players 12-21 years of age. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 21(5), 670–678.

Widiastuti. (2015). Tes dan Pengukuran Olahraga. Rajawali Pers.

Zhou, C., Lorenzo, A., Gómez, M. Á., & Palao, J. M. (2020). Players’ match demands according to age and playing position in professional male soccer players. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 20(3), 389–405.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Dzihan Khilmi Ayu Firdausi, Muhammad Eka Mardyansyah Simbolon

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats