PENGARUH CASE-BASED LEARNING TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN HIV/AIDS, STIGMA DAN PENERIMAAN MAHASISWA KEPERAWATAN PADA ODHA

Angga Wilandika

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Stigma dan diskriminasi terhadap orang dengan HIV/AIDS (ODHA), terutama pada kalangan perawat merupakan permasalahan yang dapat memengaruhi perawatan dan kualitas hidup ODHA. Ketidaktahuan mengenai penyakit HIV/AIDS sejak perawat masih dalam masa pendidikan merupakan permasalahan yang dapat mengarahkan kepada stigma dan diskriminasi dalam perawatan ODHA. Upaya untuk mereduksi stigma negatif terhadap ODHA yang dilakukan oleh mahasiswa keperawatan dapat dilakukan melalui pemberian pengetahuan dengan metode case-based learning. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah teridentifikasinya pengaruh metode case-based learning terhadap pengetahuan mahasiswa keperawatan tentang HIV/AIDS, stigma dan penerimaan pada ODHA. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan quasi-experimental dengan rancangan penelitian single group pretest-posttest. Sebanyak 49 mahasiswa yang mengikuti pembelajaran pada mata kuliah Keperawatan Medikal Bedah dilibatkan secara total sampling. Analisis deskriptif menggunakan mean, standar deviasi, persentase dan distribusi frekuensi. Sementara, analisis inferensial menggunakan Uji T. Hasil penelitian membuktikan adanya perbedaan dari pengetahuan mahasiswa tentang HIV/AIDS, stigma terhadap ODHA dan penerimaan mahasiswa pada ODHA sebelum dan sesudah case-based learning. Analisis lebih lanjut menemukan pengaruh signifikan (p < 0,005) dari metode case-based learning terhadap pengetahuan, stigma dan penerimaan mahasiswa keperawatan.Hasil temuan ini dapat digunakan oleh kalangan akademisi dan praktisi kesehatan dalam pengembangan program pendidikan yang dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan, mereduksi stigma negatif terhadap ODHA dan meningkatkan kemauan untuk menerima ODHA dilingkungan mereka. Lebih lanjut dapat dikembangkan penelitian mengenai pengembangan strategi metode case-based learning dalam intervensi untuk menurunkan stigma yang lebih luas dan tidak terbatas hanya pada kalangan mahasiswa, melainkan pada petugas kesehatan yang langsung berhubungan dengan pasien terinfeksi HIV/AIDS

 


ABSTRACT

Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), especially came from nurses was a problem that can affect the quality of care and quality of life of PLWHA. Ignorance about HIV/AIDS since the nurses are still in education is a problem that can lead to stigma and discrimination in treatment for PLWHA. The efforts to reduce the negative stigma against PLWHA performed by nursing students can be done through the provision of knowledge with case-based learning methods. The purpose of this study is the identification of the influence of methods of case-based learning to the knowledge of nursing students about HIV/AIDS, stigma and acceptance of people living with HIV. The study employed a quasi-experimental study with single group pretest-posttest. The sample size comprised 94 nursing college students who was attended Medical-Surgical Nursing Course with total sampling. Descriptive analysis using mean, standard deviation, percentage and frequency distribution. Meanwhile, inferential analysis using T-test. The result was found the differences in nursing college student knowledge about HIV/AIDS, stigma against PLWHA and the acceptance to PLWHA, before and after case-based learning. Further analysis revealed a significant effect (p <0.005) of methods of case-based learning toward a knowledge of HIV/AIDS, stigma and acceptance of nursing students for PLWHA in neighborhood. These findings can be used by academic and health professionals, to develop education program strategic to increase the knowlegde of nursing college student about HIV/AIDS, to reduction thenegative stigma againts PLWHA, and to raise the acceptance toward PLWHA in neighborhood. The further research can be focus on the development strategry of case-based learning methode in interventions to reduce stigma broader, not limited to the nursing student, meanwhile for health care workers that directly work with HIV/AIDS infected patient.

 


Keywords


case-based learning; mahasiswa keperawatan; penerimaan; pengetahuan HIV/AIDS; stigma; acceptance; knowledge of HIV/AIDS; nursing college student

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, N., Kamal, M., Anwar, A.H.M.M., and Rahman, A.K.M.S. (2006). Needs Of Terminally Ill Patients And Their Families: An Experience With Fifty Three Patients Attending A Newly Organized Palliative Care Service In Bangladesh. Journal of BSA, Volume 19, No. 1 – 2 .

Adelbratt, S., & Strang, P. (2000). Death anxiety in brain tumour patients and their spouses. Palliative medicine , 499-507.

Albrecht, C. (2006). Overview of The South African Cancer Research Environment As A Basis For Discussions Concerning The Activation of CARISA ( Cancer Research Initiative of South Africa). Independent Medical Research Consultant

Caplan, & Sadock, B. (2005). Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa Darurat. Jakarta: Widya Medika.

Clayton, J.M., Hancock, K., Parker, S., Butow, P.N., Walder, S., Carrick, S., et all. (2008). Sustaining hope when communicating with terminally ill patients and their families: a systematic review. Psycho-Oncology 17: 641–659

Gonen, Kaymak, & Cankurtaran. (2012). The factors contributing to death anxiety in cancer patients. J Psychosoconcol, 30: 347-358.

Glaser, G. (1972). Disclosure of Terminal Illness In: Patient, Phisician and Illness. Free Press New York.

Govender, M. (2008). Death Anxiety and Attitude of Nurses towards Dying. The Gerontological Society of America Vol 45.

Hamid, A.Y.S S. Hamid. (2000). Aspek Spiritual dalam Keperawatan. Widya Medika : Jakarta.

Hawari, D. (2004). Doa dan Dzikir Sebagai Pelengkap. PT. Dana Bhakti Prima Yasa : Jakarta

Hawari, D. (1996). Al-Quran: Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa.dan Kesehatan Jiwa PT. Dana Bhakti Prima Yasa : Jakarta

Khawar, Aslam, & Amir. (2013). Perceived Social Support and Death Anxiety Among Patients with Chronic Diseases. Pakistan Journal of Medical Research, 75-80.

Lumenta, B. (1997). Tanatologi tentang Perilaku Pasien Terminal. Ebers Papirus-Vol 3. No.1

Lonetto, R., & Templer, D. ( 1991). Death Anxiety. Washington: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.

Monks. (2011). Psikologi Perkembangan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Pres.

Ross, K. E. (2011). Death and Dying. New York: Simon and Schuste.

Smeltzer & Bare (2007). Brunner & Suddarth’s texbook of medical surgical nursing. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Sugiyono. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan kuantitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Yuliana. (2015). Mengatasi Kecemasan terhadap Kematian pada Pasien Sakit melalui Konseling Kelompok. Seminar Psikologi & Kemanusiaan ,

-463




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v3i1.7474

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v3i1.7474.g4823

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Alamat

Kantor Prodi DIII Keperawatan FPOK UPI Lantai 2
Jl. Dr. Setiabudhi No. 229 Bandung 40154
Jawa Barat, Indonesia
E-mail : jpki@upi.edu

Visitor Number : View My Stats