PENGARUH FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI TERHADAP QUALITY OF NURSING WORK LIFE (QNWL) PERAWAT RUMAH SAKIT MUHAMMADIYAH BANDUNG

Asih Purwandari W Puspita, F Sri Susilaningsih, Irman Somantri

Abstract


Perawat sebagai SDM dengan jumlah terbanyak di rumah sakit,mempunyai peranan penting dalam pencapaian tujuan dan kualitas rumah sakit. Untuk bisa mencapai tujuan rumah sakit memerlukan perawat yang memiliki komitmen organisasi dan kinerja yang baik, Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL) adalah salah satu faktor penting yang mempengaruhi komitmen dan kinerja perawat. Permasalahan perawat di Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah Bandung (RSMB) terindikasi memiliki Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL) kurang baik yang berdampak pada kurang baiknya komitmen dan kinerja perawat. Oleh karena itu, diperlukan penelitian lebih lanjut terkait QNWL perawat RSMB. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran QNWL perawat RSMB, mengetahui gambaran demografi beserta pengaruhnya terhadap QNWL perawat RSMB Penelitian deskriptif cross- sectional survey ini, melibatkan 94 perawat yang diambil dengan cara kuantitatif. Data dikumpulkan dengan kuesioner, dan dianalisis menggunakan uji non-parametrik Mann Whitney. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada akhir bulan Januari 2017 di Rumah Sakit Muhammadiyah Bandung. ‘Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa perawat di RSMB memiliki nilai QNWL secara keseluruhan dan dimensi-dimensi QNWL yang berada dalam kategori baik. Hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa tiga faktor demografi berpengaruh signifikan terhadap QNWL perawat, yaitu: faktor jenis kelamin (p=0.04), umur (p=0.006) dan lama bekerja sebagai perawat (p=0.009). Sedangkan, dari segi status pernikahan (p=0.71), tingkat pendidikan (p=0.71) dan lama bekerja sebagai perawat di RSMB (p=0.173) tidak berpengaruh signifikan. Implikasi penelitian ini adalah perlu adanya upaya perbaikan komponenkomponen dan faktor-faktor QNWL yang masih bermasalah. Kunci utama terletak pada upaya penerapan sistem penilaian kinerja perawat yang dihubungkan dengan jenjang karir perawat dan sistem penggajian perawat.

 

ABSTRACT

Nurses as the highest number of human resources in hospital have an important role in achieving the goals and qualities of hospital. In order to achieve the goals, hospitals require nurses who are committed to the organization and have a good performance. Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL) is one of the important factors which affect the nurses’ organizations’ commitment and performance. The problem of nurses at Muhammadiyah Hospital Bandung (RSMB) can be identified from the low number of nurses’ QNWL which affect the nurses’ commitment and performance. Therefore, further researches related to QNWL in RSMB nurses are needed. This study aimed to investigate the nurses’QNWL in RSMB, discover demographic factors and its influence on nurses’ QNWL in RSMB. This descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted on 94 nurses taken by a quantitative manner. The Data were collected through questionnaire and analyzed using non-parametric test of Mann Whitney. This research was conducted at the end of January 2017 at Muhammadiyah Hospital Bandung.
The results of this research showed that nurses at Muhammadiyah Hospital Bandung overall have a good level of Quality of Nursing Work Life (QNWL) in each dimensions. The results also showed that three demographic factors significantly influence QNWL of nurses, which are gender (p = 0:04), age (p = 0.006) and length of work as a nurse (p = 0.009). Meanwhile, there is no significant relationship in terms of marital status (p= 0.71), educational level (p= 0.71) and length of work as nurses in RSMB (p=0.173). The implication of this research is the need to improve the problematic components dan factors of QNWL. The main key lies in promoting the evaluation performance system linked to the nurses’ career development opportunities and nurses’ salary.


Keywords


Quality Of Nursing Work Life (QNWL); Kualitas Kehidupan Kerja Perawat; Faktor-Faktor Demografi Quality Of Nursing Work Life (QNWL); demographic factor of Quality Nursing Work Life

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v3i1.7475

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v3i1.7475.g4824

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