Pengembangan Model Penilaian Eksperimen Menggunakan Socio-Assessment pada Pembelajaran IPA (Fisika) di SMP

Duden Saepuzaman, Setiya Utari, Muhamad Gina Nugraha, Saeful Karim, Raden Giovanni

Abstract


Socio-assessment adalah penilaian proses pendidikan dari perspektif sosiologi yang  meliputi beberapa hal, diantaranya: pola umum kehidupan sosial siswa  (selama berlangsungnya proses belajar  ataupun setelah mengalami belajar), cara berpikir dan bertindak siswa di pengaruhi oleh bagaimana pihak guru memperlakukannya, prilaku siswa juga dipengaruhi oleh interaksi sosial siswa baik dilingkungan sekolah maupun di luar lingkungan sekolah,  pada akhirnya siswa akan  termarginalkan setelah menempuh pendidikan untuk mendapatkan   perubahan status sosial yang diinginkan. Studi ini difokuskan pada bagaimana keterlaksanaan, rubrik penilaian dan temuan pada saat pelaksanaan eksperimen IPA (Fisika) pada beberapa materi yang telah dilakukan di beberapa sekolah menengah pertama. Tinjauan temuan mulai dari observasi kelas melihat bagaimana guru dan siswa mengalami interaksi sosial untuk mencapai tujuan pembelajaran sampai pada menganalisis hasil temuan (refleksi) untuk membangun masyarakat belajar yang lebih baik. Penelitian akan menghasilkan model eksperimen dan model penilaian yang dipandang dapat memberikan pengalaman yang bermakna bagi siswa dalam kemampuan bereksperimen. metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian pengembangan atau Research and Development (R&D). Populasi yang digunakan adalah peserta didik SMP di beberapa  sekolah yang berbeda dengan masing-masing kelas melakukan eksperimen dengan judul yang berbeda-beda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan masih perlu adanya upaya tidakan guru selama proses pembelajaran. Hal ini didasarkan pada temuan proses pembelajaran baik yang langsung maupun yang tertulis dalam Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS). Sebagai contoh untuk aspek observasi, Sebagian siswa menuliskan hasil observasinya tidak benar-benar berdasarkan apa yang diamati menggunakan panca indra mereka, melainkan sudah menyinggung materi-materi IPA Fisika berdasarkan pengetahuan awal yang dimiliki masing-masing siswa. Selain itu, siswa belum secara optimal mengungkapkan semua data yang diobservasi.Sebagai upaya tindakan guru dengan cara Mengembangkan pertanyaan arahan untuk melakukan pengamatan berkaitan dengan data yang dapat diobservasi jangan biarkan siswa terlalu menggunakan pengetahuannya untuk mengungkapkan hal yang diobservasi, hal ini penting agar kemampuan observasinya terlatihkan.

 

Kata Kunci: sosio-assesment, penilaian, kemampuan eksperimen

 

ABSTRACT

 

Socio-assessment is an assessment of the educational process from a sociological perspective which includes several things, including: general patterns of student social life (during the learning process or after experiencing learning), students' ways of thinking and acting influenced by how the teacher treats them, student behavior by the social interaction of students both in the school environment and outside the school environment, in the end students will be marginalized after taking education to get the desired change in social status. This study focused on how the implementation, assessment and finding rubrics were carried out during the implementation of the Science (Physics) experiment on some material that had been carried out in several junior high schools. An overview of findings starting from class observations looks at how teachers and students experience social interactions to achieve learning objectives until analyzing findings (reflection) to build a better learning community. Research will produce experimental models and assessment models that are seen to provide meaningful experiences for students in their ability to experiment. The research method used is research and development (R & D). The population used was junior high school students in several different schools with each class conducting experiments with different titles. The results of the study show that there is still a need for teacher action during the learning process. This is based on the findings of the learning process both directly and in writing on the Student Worksheet (LKS). For example for the aspect of observation, some students write down the results of their observations not really based on what is observed using their five senses, but have already touched on the material of Science Physics based on the initial knowledge that each student has. In addition, students have not optimally revealed all observed data. As a teacher's action effort by developing referral questions to make observations relating to observable data, do not allow students to use their knowledge to express observations, this is important so that their observational abilities are trained

 

Kata Kunci: sosio-assesment, assesment, experiment skills


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/wapfi.v4i1.15725

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