PEMAHAMAN GURU TENTANG PENDEKATAN SAINTIFIK DAN IMPLIKASINYA DALAM PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR

Deti Rostika, Prihantini Prihantini

Abstract


Abstract:. Implementation of the 2013 Curriculum essentially sets out three main things, namely the application of integrated thematic learning, the use of scientific approaches to learning, and authentic assessment. Some of the results of previous research on the implementation of the 2013 Curriculum, among others, found that teachers were less able to utilize learning resources from the surrounding environment and teachers tended to maintain conventional teaching habits. For this reason, through this study, researchers want to describe how teachers understand scientific approaches; how the teacher exposes the learning implementation plan; how the teacher applies the scientific approach to learning, and whether there is a contribution between the understanding of the scientific approach to the application of learning carried out by the teacher. The research method used is the Mixed Method Research model 'Embedded Design'. The results obtained from this study can be concluded that: (1) In general, teachers have understood the scientific approach, but have not understood how to implement this approach in learning in elementary schools; (2) Learning Implementation Plans (RPP) made by the teacher have not described learning activities oriented to the scientific approach; (3) Implementation of the implementation of learning carried out by the teacher has not reflected the application of the scientific approach; (4) Understanding the scientific approach contributes 10% to the implementation of learning. Therefore, being able to apply a scientific approach is not only determined by understanding, but it requires the efforts of teachers to always seek other knowledge that can add to and improve self-efficacy

Keyword: scientific approach, thinking skills and scientific work, Mixed method research embedded models

 

Abstrak: Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 pada intinya menetapkan tiga hal utama, yaitu penerapan pembelajaran tematik terpadu, penggunaan pendekatan saintifik dalam pembelajaran, dan penilaian autentik. Beberapa hasil penelitian terdahulu tentang implementasi Kurikulum 2013, antara lain ditemukan bahwa guru kurang mampu memanfaatkan sumber-sumber belajar dari alam sekitar dan guru cenderung mempertahankan kebiasaan mengajar konvensional. Untuk itu melalui penelitian ini, peneliti ingin mendeskripsikan bagaimana pemahaman guru terhadap pendekatan saintifik; bagaimana guru membuar rencana pelaksanaan pembelajaran; bagaimana guru menerapkan pendekatan saintifik dalam pembelajaran, dan apakah ada kontribusi antara pemahaman pendekatan saintifik terhadap penerapan pembelajaran yang dilaksanakan guru. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Mixed Method Research model ‘Embedded Design’. Hasil yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa: (1) Pada umumnya guru telah memahami pendekatan saintifik, tetapi belum memahami cara mengimplementasikan pendekatan tersebut dalam pembelajaran di Sekolah Dasar; (2) Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP) yang dibuat guru belum menggambarkan kegiatan-kegiatan pembelajaran yang berorientasi pada pendekatan saintifik; (3) Implementasi pelaksanaan pembelajaran yang dilaksanakan guru belum mencerminkan pada penerapan pendekatan saintifik; (4) Pemahaman pendekatan saintifik berkontribusi 10 % terhadap implementasi pelaksanaan pembelajaran. Oleh karena itu untuk bisa menerapkan pendekatan saintifik tidak hanya ditentukan oleh pemahaman, tetapi diperlukan upaya guru untuk selalu mencari pengetahuan lain yang dapat menambah dan meningkatkan efikasi diri.

Kata Kunci: pendekatan saintifik, keterampilan berpikir dan kerja ilmiah, Mixed method research embedded model.


Keywords


Kata kunci: pendekatan saintifik, keterampilan berpikir dan kerja ilmiah, Mixed method research embedded model.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/eh.v11i1.14443

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