Module-scale simulation of forward osmosis module-part B: Modified Spiral-Wound

Muhammad Roil Bilad


Forward osmosis (FO) is an attractive technology that offers advantages especially for treatment of challenging feeds in comparison to other membrane technologies. Substantial developments of membrane material have been shown recently. To support further development of FO process, a larger scale study via membrane module development is required to accurately envisage the most critical factors to be exploited to realize the promises. In this study, we applied a mass-transfer model coupled with the mass conservation and area discretization to simulate the performance of modified spiral-wound (MSW) modules (10 sheets of 1x1m). The study focuses on the spatial flux profile in a full-scale module as function of operational mode: co- vs counter cross current and membrane orientations (active-layer facing feed (ALFS); solution and active layer facing draw solution, (ALDS)). Results show that all modes offer almost similar average flux of about 9-10 L/m2h, but the co-current flows have much higher flux ranges (≈43%). The latter is expected to worsen membrane fouling resistant due to mal distribution in hydraulic loading. An operation with counter current and ALFS and counter current flow is then recommended because it offer similar flux but lower spatial flux ranges (7%).


Forward osmosis; Module design; Modified spiral wound module; Concentration polarization; Dilution effect

Full Text:



Achilli, A., Cath, T. Y., Marchand, E. A., & Childress, A. E. (2009). The forward osmosis membrane bioreactor: a low fouling alternative to MBR processes. Desalination, 239(1-3), 10-21.

Attarde, D., Jain, M., Chaudhary, K., & Gupta, S. K. (2015). Osmotically driven membrane processes by using a spiral wound module—Modeling, experimentation and numerical parameter estimation. Desalination, 361, 81-94.

Bilad, M. R. (2016). Module-Scale Simulation of Forward Osmosis Module-Part A: Plate-and-Frame. Indonesian journal of science and technology, 1(2), 249-261.

Bilad, M. R. (2017). Membrane bioreactor for domestic wastewater treatment: principles, challanges and future research directions. Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology, 2(1), 97-123.

Bui, N. N., Arena, J. T., & McCutcheon, J. R. (2015). Proper accounting of mass transfer resistances in forward osmosis: Improving the accuracy of model predictions of structural parameter. Journal of membrane science, 492, 289-302.

Cartinella, J. L., Cath, T. Y., Flynn, M. T., Miller, G. C., Hunter, K. W., & Childress, A. E. (2006). Removal of natural steroid hormones from wastewater using membrane contactor processes. Environmental science and technology, 40(23), 7381-7386.

Cath, T. Y., Childress, A. E., & Elimelech, M. (2006). Forward osmosis: principles, applications, and recent developments. Journal of membrane science, 281(1), 70-87.

Cath, T. Y., Hancock, N. T., Lundin, C. D., Hoppe-Jones, C., & Drewes, J. E. (2010). A multi-barrier osmotic dilution process for simultaneous desalination and purification of impaired water. Journal of Membrane Science, 362(1), 417-426.

Deshmukh, A., Yip, N. Y., Lin, S., & Elimelech, M. (2015). Desalination by forward osmosis: Identifying performance limiting parameters through module-scale modeling. Journal of membrane science, 491, 159-167.

Gruber, M. F., Johnson, C. J., Tang, C. Y., Jensen, M. H., Yde, L., & Hélix-Nielsen, C. (2011). Computational fluid dynamics simulations of flow and concentration polarization in forward osmosis membrane systems. Journal of membrane science, 379(1), 488-495.

Gu, B., Kim, D. Y., Kim, J. H., & Yang, D. R. (2011). Mathematical model of flat sheet membrane modules for FO process: Plate-and-frame module and spiral-wound module. Journal of membrane science, 379(1), 403-415.

Jung, D. H., Lee, J., Lee, Y. G., Park, M., Lee, S., Yang, D. R., & Kim, J. H. (2011). Simulation of forward osmosis membrane process: Effect of membrane orientation and flow direction of feed and draw solutions. Desalination, 277(1), 83-91.

Klaysom, C., Cath, T. Y., Depuydt, T., & Vankelecom, I. F. (2013). Forward and pressure retarded osmosis: potential solutions for global challenges in energy and water supply. Chemical society reviews, 42(16), 6959-6989.

Lee, J., Kim, B., & Hong, S. (2014). Fouling distribution in forward osmosis membrane process. Journal of environmental sciences, 26(6), 1348-1354.

Lee, S., Boo, C., Elimelech, M., & Hong, S. (2010). Comparison of fouling behavior in forward osmosis (FO) and reverse osmosis (RO). Journal of Membrane Science, 365(1), 34-39.

Li, X., Chou, S., Wang, R., Shi, L., Fang, W., Chaitra, G., ... & Fane, A. G. (2015). Nature gives the best solution for desalination: Aquaporin-based hollow fiber composite membrane with superior performance. Journal of Membrane Science, 494, 68-77.

Mi, B., & Elimelech, M. (2010). Organic fouling of forward osmosis membranes: fouling reversibility and cleaning without chemical reagents. Journal of membrane science, 348(1), 337-345.

Phuntsho, S., Hong, S., Elimelech, M., & Shon, H. K. (2014). Osmotic equilibrium in the forward osmosis process: modelling, experiments and implications for process performance. Journal of membrane science, 453, 240-252.

Sulastri, A., & Rahmidar, L. (2016). Fabrication of Biomembrane from Banana Stem for Lead Removal. Indonesian journal of science and technology, 1(1), 115-131.

Tiraferri, A., Yip, N. Y., Straub, A. P., Castrillon, S. R. V., & Elimelech, M. (2013). A method for the simultaneous determination of transport and structural parameters of forward osmosis membranes. Journal of membrane science, 444, 523-538.

Xu, Y., Peng, X., Tang, C. Y., Fu, Q. S., & Nie, S. (2010). Effect of draw solution concentration and operating conditions on forward osmosis and pressure retarded osmosis performance in a spiral wound module. Journal of Membrane Science, 348(1), 298-309.

Yip, N. Y., Tiraferri, A., Phillip, W. A., Schiffman, J. D., & Elimelech, M. (2010). High performance thin-film composite forward osmosis membrane. Environmental science and technology, 44(10), 3812-3818.

Zhao, S., Zou, L., Tang, C. Y., & Mulcahy, D. (2012). Recent developments in forward osmosis: opportunities and challenges. Journal of membrane science, 396, 1-21.




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Muhammad Roil Bilad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons

Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology is published by UPI Press. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0.

StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter View My Stats