Process Design and Modelling of the Production of Butyl Cellosolve Acetate and EO-3 Phosphate Ester

Lupete K Bhullar, Zulpan Adi Putra

Abstract


A chemical company has identified that Butyl Cellosolve Acetate (BCA) and EO-3 Phosphate Ester (EO-3 PE) esters have significant potential in a large variety of applications. However, there is limited information in existing practices involving these particular grades of esters. Hence, the aim of the present work is to develop the process design for the production of these two esters. Within the development stage, the technical and economic challenges of the production processes are evaluated and compared. The results show that, among other things, the BCA process shows the formation of azeotropic mixtures which causes the separation process to be difficult. On the other hand, EO-3 PE shows the formation of aqueous phosphoric acid that is also difficult to separate. Fortunately, this aqueous phosphoric acid can be sold, which then increase the economic attractiveness of the developed process. Monte Carlo simulation were performed to account some uncertainties such as CAPEX estimate, raw material prices and product prices. This simulation shows that the developed BCA process has a significant chance to be non-profitable, while the economic potential of the EO-3 PE process is at least 200% higher than that of the BCA process in all scenarios.


Keywords


Butyl Cellosolve Acetate (BCA); EO-3 Phosphate Ester (EO-3 PE);Esterification; Process simulation; Azeotropic mixtures; Aqueous phosphoric acid; CAPEX; OPEX; Economic potential; Economies of scale; Monte Carlo simulation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Borole, A. P., & Davison, B. H. (2007). Techno-economic analysis of biocatalytic processes for production of alkene epoxides. Applied Biochemistry and Biotecnology, 437-449.

Dal Pont, J. P., & Azzaro-Pantel, C. (2014). New Appoaches in the Process Industries: The Manufacturing Plant of the Future. John Wiley & Sons.

D'Alessandro, D. M., Smit, B., & Long, J. R. (2010). Carbon dioxide capture: prospects for new materials. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 49(35), 6058-6082.

Deng, L., & Hägg, M. B. (2010). Techno-economic evaluation of biogas upgrading process using CO 2 facilitated transport membrane. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 4(4), 638-646.

Keen B.T., Papa A.J., U.C.C. & P.T. CORPORATION, Esterification process, 1995.

Landucci, R., Goodman, B., & Wyman, C. (1994). Methodology for evaluating the economics of biologically producing chemicals and materials from alternative feedstocks. Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 45(1), 677-696.

Li, H. Y. (1990). Mechanisms of action and selectivity of the cyclohexen-one herbicide cycloxydim (BAS 517) (Doctoral dissertation, Virginia Tech).

Mitsunobu, O., & Yamada, M. (1967). Preparation of esters of carboxylic and phosphoric acid via quaternary phosphonium salts. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 40(10), 2380-2382.

Peters, M. S., Timmerhaus, K. D., West, R. E., Timmerhaus, K., & West, R. (1968). Plant design and economics for chemical engineers (Vol. 4). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Pintarič, Z. N., & Kravanja, Z. (2015). The importance of proper economic criteria and process modeling for single-and multi-objective optimizations. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 83, 35-47.

Putra, Z. A. (2016a). Early phase process evaluation: Industrial practices. Indonesian journal of science and technology, 1(2), 238-248.

Putra, Z. A. (2016b). Use of Process Simulation for Plant Debottlenecking. Indonesian Journal of science and technology, 1(1), 74-81.

Russell, C. A. (Ed.). (2000). Chemistry, society and environment: a new history of the British chemical industry. Royal Society of Chemistry.

Stine, C. M. (1933). Relation of Chemical to Other Industry. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry, 25(5), 487-495.

Tsuyutani, S., Shibata, K., Aizawa, K., Sakata, M., & Morishita, M. (2004). U.S. Patent No. 6,710,199. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/ijost.v2i2.8017

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.17509/ijost.v2i2.8017.g5055

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Lupete K. Bhullar, Zulpan Adi Putra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons

Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology is published by UPI Press. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0.

StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter View My Stats