Educational Programmes, Rehabilitation and Management of Juvenile Delinquents in Lagos State Juvenile Homes, Nigeria

Fashiku Christopher Oluwatoyin

Abstract


The study examined the influence of educational programmes on the rehabilitation and management of juvenile delinquents in Lagos State juvenile homes. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population for the study comprised a total of 332 people. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 20 juveniles from each of the juvenile homes. The managers and members of staff of the two selected juvenile homes were selected using total enumeration sampling technique and this made a total of two managers and 33 members of staff. Three research instruments were used to collect data for the study. (i) An interview guide titled “Rehabilitation of Juvenile Delinquents” (RJD) (ii) An interview guide titled “Management of Educational Programmes in Juvenile Homes” (MEPJH) (iii) A questionnaire on the “Influence of Educational Programmes on Rehabilitation of Juvenile Delinquents” Percentage scores and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to analyse the data collected. Results showed that majority of the respondents 77.5% alluded that educational programmes were made available at the juvenile homes also, 55% said that academic, counselling and vocational education were the only educational programmes available at the homes. Respondents claimed that the juvenile homes were managed by the Lagos State Ministry of Youth and Social Development, the educational programmes and teacher recruitment were handled by the State Ministry of Education. The study concluded that educational programmes had positive and very notable influence on the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents in Lagos State juvenile correctional homes. Based on the findings of this research, it was recommended among others that: Literacy and life skills training should be included as part of educational programmes in the juvenile homes. Expansion of available accommodation facilities to cater for current population of juveniles and also future increase and that in the Juvenile homes, the children offenders should be separated from those who have not committed offenses, those who are just in need of care and protection.



Keywords


Educational, Programmes, Rehabilitation, Management, Juvenile, Delinquents, Homes.

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References


Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Acoca. L (1999). Investing in girls: A 21st Century Strategy, Juvenile Justice, 6 (1). Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Johannesburg, South Africa.

Akinseye-George Y. Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, Abuja, 2009).

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2003). The Psychology of Criminal Conduct. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Ekpenyong, S. & Sibiri, A. (2011). Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education., 4.1, 36-46.

Griffin, Patrick (2010). National Institute of Corrections Convening, June 18, K.A.A.C.R. (2003). Trainers guide for institutional and Non-institutional care for children. Nairobi.

Harlow, C.W. (2003) Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Special Report,Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.

Mackenzie, D.L (2008). Structure and components of successful educational programmes. Re-entry roundtable on education: 3 (8) 5-8.

McGuire. Klein (2001), The American Street Gang: Its Nature, Prevalence, and Control, New York, Oxford

UNICEF, Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria (A course manual for Law Enforcement Officials working with juvenile offenders (United Nations Children’s fund, 2003).

UNICEF, Children’s and Women’s Rights in Nigeria; a wake-up call (Situation Assessment and Analysis, 2001) (National Planning Commission, Abuja and UNICEF, 2001).

Youth Alive Kenya. (2006). Child Protection and Child Justice. The role of mass media in Kenya. A working brief for mass media workshop on child protection and child justice.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ijpe.v6i1.47488

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