Koping Religius Remaja ODHA di Kota Bandung

Popy Siti Aisyah, Anggriyana Tri Widianti, Eli Lusiani

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Remaja dengan HIV AIDS merupakan kelompok minoritas yang berkebutuhan khusus yang harus ditingkatkan kualitas hidupnya . Aspek spiritual sangat berperan penting dalam kehidupan remaja dimana bisa menjadi bagian perlindungan diri terhadap status kesehatan yang buruk.  Keyakinan religius akan mempunyai peran  penting dalam pengambilan keputusan yang besar dalam hidupnya. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengekplorasi koping religius remaja dengan HIV AIDS. Penelitian dilakukan  di Rumah Cemara Bandung. Penelitian ini menggunakan  pendekatan kualitatif  fenomenologi dengan metode deskriptif eksploratif. Tehnik pengambilan sampling menggunakan purposeful sampling. Pengambilan data dilakukan terhadap 5 orang partisipan remaja ODHA dengan teknik semi-indepth interview. Pengolahan data menggunakan pendekatan Empirical Phenomenological Psychological untuk mendapatkan tema – tema yang sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian. Adapun tema-tema yang ditemukan dalam penelitian adalah penyakit yang dialami sebagai hukuman dari tuhan, koping religius pasif, religisiusitas yang rendah,self directing koping. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya kecenderungan remaja ODHA menggunakan pola koping religius negatif. Berdasarkan penelitian diatas diperlukan suatu upaya integrasi asuhan keperawatan dengan pendekatan spiritual pada remaja HIV khususnya kelompok LSL.

 

ABSTRACT

HIV infected adolescent are a minority group with special needs who must improve their quality of life. Spiritual aspect is important to adolescents, is usually considered a protective factor against a host of negative health outcomes. Religious faith have role in making major life decisions. The purpose of this study was to explore the religious coping of adolescents who are diagnosed with HIV AIDS. The study was conducted at Rumah Cemara Bandung. This research is a qualitative phenomenology design with decriptive explorative. The sampling technique used purposeful sampling. The data collection from five participants with semi in depth interviewed. Data analysis were used the empirical phenomenological  Psychological method. The themes found in this study are illness was experienced as punishment from God, passive religious coping, low religiousity, self directing coping. This showed HIV infected adolescent with homosexual behaviour tended negative religious coping patterns. The result suggest that spiritual care is important for adolescent are diagnosed with HIV with homosexuality.


Keywords


remaja; HIV; spiritual; koping religius

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afiyanti, Y . Rachmawati, I. (2014). metodologi penelitian kualitatif dalam riset keperawatan. Depok: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Batubara, J. (2016). Adolescent Development (Perkembangan Remaja). Sari Pediatri, 21. https://doi.org/10.14238/sp12.1.2010.21-9

Brewster, M. E., Velez, B. L., Foster, A., Esposito, J., & Robinson, M. A. (2016). Minority stress and the moderating role of religious coping among religious and spiritual sexual minority individuals. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 63(1), 119–126. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000121

Collein, I. (2010). Makna Spiritualitas Pada Pasien HIV/AIDS Dalam Konteks Asuhan Keperawatan Di RSUPN dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Jakarta. Fik Ui, 3.

Cotton, S., Zebracki, K., Rosenthal, S. L., Tsevat, J., & Drotar, D. (2006). Religion/spirituality and adolescent health outcomes: A review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 38(4), 472–480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.10.005

Fatmala, R. D. (2016). Dalam Pemanfaatan Vct Oleh Laki-Laki Seks. Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi, (1), 138–150. https://doi.org/10.20473/jbe.v4i1.138-150

Hartati, S. (2018). Tazkiyatun Nafs as an Effort to Reduce Premarital Sexual Behavior of Adolescents. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 1(1), 33. https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v1i1.207

Lexy, M. (2012). metodologi penelitian kualitatit. bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Lin, C. Y., Saffari, M., Koenig, H. G., & Pakpour, A. H. (2018). Effects of religiosity and religious coping on medication adherence and quality of life among people with epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior, 78, 45–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.10.008

Lyon, M. E., Garvie, P., He, J., Malow, R., McCarter, R., & D’Angelo, L. J. (2014). Spiritual Well-Being Among HIV-Infected Adolescents and Their Families. Journal of Religion and Health, 53(3), 637–653. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-012-9657-y

Sanagouye Moharer, G., Raisi, M., & Sultan Ahmadi Moghaddam, F. (2018). Relationship between Religious Coping Styles and Quality of Life in HIV-Positive Patients. Journal of Religion and Health, 5(2), 58–67.

Stecz, P., & Kocur, J. (2014). Religiousness, Religious Coping with Illness, and Psychological Function Among Polish Elderly Patients with Osteoarthritis Undergoing Arthroplasty. Journal of Religion and Health, 54(2), 554–570. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-014-9842-2

Torralba, J., & Oviedo, L. (2009). Religious coping in adolescents: New evidence and theological relevance Josefa Torralba and Lluis Oviedo. (1997), 1–15.

Usselman, C. W. N. S. S. J. R. B. (2017). Positive and Negative Religious/Spiritual Coping and Combat Exposure as Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress and Perceived Growth in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans. Physiology & Behavior, 176(3), 139–148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.03.040

Verona, E., Murphy, B., & Javdani, S. (2017). Gendered Pathways: Violent Childhood Maltreatment, Sex Exchange, and Drug Use. Physiology & Behavior, 176(5), 139–148. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039126.

Xu, J. (2016). Pargament’s Theory of Religious Coping: Implications for Spiritually Sensitive Social Work Practice. British Journal of Social Work, 46(5), 1394–1410. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcv080




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v6i1.21111

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Jurnal Pendidikan Keperawatan Indonesia(JPKI) published by Indonesia University of Education. JPKI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter
View My Stats

Office :
Nursing Department. FPOK UPI.
229, Dr. Setiabudhi Street. Bandung 40154
West Java , Indonesia
E-mail : jpki@upi.edu