Efektifitas Peer Education Method dalam Pencegahan HIV/AIDS terhadap Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Remaja

Sri Sumartini, Vinna Maretha

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Peer Education merupakan metode Implementasi dan evaluasi program pendidikan sebaya, hal ini juga sebagai upaya Instansi Pendidikan Menengah Atas dalam pencegahan terjadinya perilaku seksual berisiko tinggi (bebas) pada remaja. Program ini bertujuan agar kelompok remaja mendapatkan informasi yang sesuai tentang HIV/AIDS, mampu berdiskusi, memperbaiki sikap dan membentuk norma-norma yang tepat bagi kelompok sebaya, dan mendukung perkembangan seksual tahap remaja. Pendekatan pendidikan sebaya (peer education) sangat efektif sehingga komunikasi lebih mudah sehingga mampu mengubah sikap pada remaja untuk  membantu upaya mencegah penyebaran HIV/AIDS. Penelitian yang telah dilaksanakan bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas peer education method dalam pencegahan  HIV/AIDS terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap remaja. Metoda Penelitian menggunakan pre-experiment design melalui desain one shot case study. Populasi dalam penelitian merupakan  siswa kelas X dan XI di SMA Negeri 1 Majalengka Kabupaten Majalengka sejumlah 691 siswa tekhnik pengambilan sampel adalah simple random sampling jumlah sampel yang didapatkan 88 orang responden. Instrument penelitian menggunakan kuesioner yang telah dilakukan uji validitas kemudian uji reliabilitas. Uji Statistik menggunakan Uji-T, Sehingga mendapatkan Hasil penelitian yaitu pengetahuan remaja  pretest sebagian besar responden memiliki pengetahuan cukup dan postest sebagian besar responden pengetahuan tentang HIV/AIDS baik. Sikap remaja pada saat pretest sebagian besar memiliki sikap negatif dan postest sebagian besar memiliki sikap positif. Terdapat effektifitas peer education method dalam mencegah HIV/AIDS terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap remaja. Peer Education method merupakan suatu metode alternatif untuk menilai pengetahuan serta sikap remaja dalam Pencegahan penularan HIV AIDS.

 

ABSTRACT

Peer Education is a method of implementing and evaluating peer education programs, it is also an effort of senior secondary education institutions in preventing the occurrence of high-risk (free sexual) behavior in adolescents. The program aims to provide youth with appropriate information about HIV / AIDS, be able to discuss, improve attitudes and form appropriate norms for peer groups, and support adolescent stage sexual development. The peer education approach is very effective so that communication is easier so that it can change attitudes towards adolescents to help prevent the spread of HIV / AIDS. The research that has been carried out aims to determine the effectiveness of peer education methods in the prevention of HIV / AIDS on the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents. The research method uses pre-experiment design through one shot case study design. The population in this study were students of class X and XI in SMA Negeri 1 Majalengka, Majalengka Regency with a total of 691 sampling techniques students were simple random sampling, the number of samples obtained by 88 respondents. The research instrument used a questionnaire that had been tested for validity and then reliability testing. The statistical test uses the T-Test, so that the research results are that the knowledge of pretest teenagers most of the respondents have sufficient knowledge and the posttest of most respondents knowledge of HIV / AIDS is good. Adolescent attitudes at the time of the pretest mostly have negative attitudes and most posttests have positive attitudes. There is an effectiveness of peer education methods in preventing HIV / AIDS against adolescent knowledge and attitudes. The Peer Education method is an alternative method to assess the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents in the prevention of HIV AIDS transmission.


Keywords


Peer education method; Pengetahuan; Sikap; Pencegahan HIV/AIDS

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v6i1.21130

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