Pengaruh Informasi Umpan Balik Knowledge Of Results (KR) dan Motor Ability terhadap Tingkat Penguasaan Groundstroke Forehand Tenis

Rizky Indra Cahyadi, Yudha Munajat Saputra, Agus Mahendra

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat pengaruh dari pemberian Umpan balik Knowledge of Results dan Motor Ability terhadap tingkat penguasaan keterampilan Groundstroke Forehand tenis. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode eksperimen dengan desain penelitian Factorial Design. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pemberian umpan balik Knowledge of Results 33% dan 100% memiliki perbedaan yang signifikan pada pengaruhnya terhadap tingkat penguasaan keterampilan Groundstroke Forehand tenis, umpan balik Knowledge of Results 33% dan 100% tidak mempunyai interaksi dengan Motor Ability dalam penguasaan keterampilan Groundstroke Forehand tenis, pemberian umpan balik Knowledge of Results 33% dan 100% memiliki perbedaan yang signifikan pada pengaruhnya terhadap tingkat penguasaan keterampilan Groundstroke Forehand tenis dengan Motor Ability tinggi, pemberian umpan balik Knowledge of Results 33% dan 100% memiliki perbedaan yang signifikan pada pengaruhnya terhadap tingkat penguasaan keterampilan Groundstroke Forehand tenis dengan Motor Ability rendah. Sehingga dalam penguasaan keterampilan gerak khususnya Groundstroke Forehand tenis umpan balik Knowledge of Results 33% dan 100% dapat diberikan pada pembelajar dengan Motor Ability tinggi dan rendah.

Abstract

The purposes of this studied was to investigate the effect of knowledge of results
feedback and motor ability on groundstroke forehand tennis skill mastery level.
The method of this research was an experimental method with factorial design. The
results of this studied showed that the effect of knowledge of results feedback 33%
and 100% significantly different one another on groundstroke forehand tennis
skill mastery level, the knowledge of results feedback 33% and 100% didn’t have
any interaction with the motor ability on groundstroke forehand tennis skill mastery
level, the effect of knowledge of results feedback 33% and 100% significantly
different one another on groundstroke forehand tennis skill mastery level with
high motor ability, the effect of knowledge of results feedback 33% and 100%
significantly different one another on groundstroke forehand tennis skill mastery
level with low motor ability. With the result that motor skills especially
groundstroke forehand tennis skill mastery level could be given by the knowledge of
results feedback 33% and 100% with high and low motor ability.


Keywords


Feed back, Knowledge of Results, Relative Frequency of Knowledge of Results 33% and 100%, Motor Ability

Full Text:

PDF

References


A Schmidth, R., & D.Lee, T. (2014). Motor Learning and Performance Fifth Edition.

Barrow, H. M., College, W. F., & Forest, W. (2013). Research Quarterly . American Association for Health , Physical Education and Recreation Test of Motor Ability for College Men, (March 2015), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/10671188.1954.10624966

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Educational Research (Vol. 4). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Cuppone, A. V., Semprini, M., & Konczak, J. (2018). Consolidation of human somatosensory memory during motor learning. Behavioural Brain Research, 347(November 2017), 184–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2018.03.013

Filipcic, A. (2014). THE RELATIONSHIP OF TENNIS-SPECIFIC MOTOR ABILITIES AND THE COMPETITION EFFICIENCY OF, (January 2005).

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Hyun, H. H. (2013). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. Climate Change 2013 - The Physical Science Basis (Vol. 53). https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Goldhacker, M., Rosengarth, K., Plank, T., & Greenlee, M. W. (2014). The effect of feedback on performance and brain activation during perceptual learning. Vision Research, 99, 99–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.visres.2013.11.010

Goodman, J. S. (1998). The Interactive Effects of Task and External Feedback on Practice Performance and Learning. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 76(3), 223–252. https://doi.org/10.1006/obhd.1998.2805

Guadagnoli, M. A., Kohl, R. M., & Kohl, R. M. (2015). Knowledge of Results for Motor Learning : Knowledge of Results Frequency Knowledge of Results for Motor Learning : Relationship Between Error Estimation, 2895(November). https://doi.org/10.1080/00222890109603152

Hewitt, J. E. (2013). Research Quarterly . American Association for Health , Physical Education and Recreation Hewitt ’ s Tennis Achievement Test, (February 2015), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/10671188.1966.10613366

Ishikura, T. (2008). REDUCED RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF KNOWLEDGE OF RESULTS WITHOUT VISUAL FEEDBACK IN LEARNING A GOLF-PUTTING TASK, 225–233.

Karadut, A. P. (2012). Effects of E. L. Thorndike’s Theory of Connectionism Rudiments on Developing Cello Playing Skills for Beginners. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69(Iceepsy), 298–305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.413

Mackenzie, U. P., Universitário, C., Julho, N. De, & Paulo, U. D. S. (2009). Relative frequency of knowledge of results and task complexity in the motor skill acquisition 1, 831–840. https://doi.org/10.2466/PMS.109.3.831-840

Mhk, N. M., Magill, R. A., & Buekers, M. J. (2013). Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, (October 2014), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.1994.10607636

Newell, K M. (1991). MOTOR SKILL ACQUISITION.

Newell, Karl M. (2006). Knowledge of Results and Motor Learning. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1249/00003677-197600040-00008

Pereira, T. J. C., van Emmerik, R. E. A., Misuta, M. S., Barros, R. M. L., & Moura, F. A. (2017). Interpersonal coordination analysis of tennis players from different levels during official matches. Journal of Biomechanics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.11.036

Reid, M., & Elliott, B. C. (2013). Mechanics and Learning Practices Associated with the Tennis Forehand : A Review Mechanics and Learning Practices Associated with the Tennis Forehand : A Review, (August 2014).

Saemi, E., Porter, J. M., Ghotbi-Varzaneh, A., Zarghami, M., & Maleki, F. (2012). Knowledge of results after relatively good trials enhances self-efficacy and motor learning. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(4), 378–382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.12.008

Straughter, S. D. (2013). The Effects of Applying Increasing Precision In Knowledge of Results When Practicing a Novel Motor Skill.

Sullivan, K. J., Kantak, S. S., Patricia, A., Sullivan, K. J., Kantak, S. S., & Burtner, P. A. (2008). Research Report Motor Learning in Children : Feedback Effects on Skill Acquisition, 720–732. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20070196

Sunaryadi, Y. (2017). Relative Frequency of Augmented Feedback and Motor Skill Learning. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/755/1/011001

Tenison, C., & Anderson, J. R. (2016). Modeling the Distinct Phases of Skill Acquisition, 42(5), 749–767.

Vieira, M. M., Ugrinowitsch, H., Gallo, L. G., Soares, M. F., Carvalho, P., Fonseca, M. A., & Benda, R. N. (2014). Effects of summary knowledge of results in motor skills acquisition 1, (January).

Willingham, D. B. (1998). A Neuropsychological Theory of Motor Skill Learning. Psychological Review, 105(3), 558–584. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.105.3.558

Winstein, C. J., & Schmidt, R. A. (2015). Relative frequency of information feedback in motor performance and learning . Reduced Frequency of Knowledge of Results Enhances Motor Skill Learning, (September).

Wulf, G., Chiviacowsky, S., Schiller, E., & Ávila, L. T. G. (2010). Frequent external-focus feedback enhances motor learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 1(NOV), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00190

Wulf, G., & Lewthwaite, R. (2009). 3 Effortless Motor Learning ?: An External Focus of Attention Enhances Movement Effectiveness and Efficiency, 75–102.

Wulf, G., Mcconnel, N., Gärtner, M., Schwarz, A., Wulf, G., Gartner, M., & Mcconnel, N. (n.d.). Enhancing the Learning of Sport Skills Through External-Focus Feedback, (October 2014), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222890209601939

Yamamoto, Y. (2011). An Alternative Approach to the Acquisition of a Complex Motor Skill: Multiple Movement Training on Tennis Strokes. International Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2(1981), 169–179. https://doi.org/10.5432/ijshs.2.169




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jtikor.v4i2.21617

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Rizky Indra Cahyadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Penerbit:

Program Studi Ilmu Keolahragaan, Fakultas Pendidikan Olahraga dan Kesehatan, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

View JTIKOR Statistics

 Creative Commons License
JTIKOR Jurnal Terapan Ilmu Keolahragaan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.