Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles for Enhancing Students’ View of the Nature of Science and Technology

Elza Rachman Panca Priyand, Ajeng Sukmafitri, Ahmad Mudzakir, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto, Willy Cahya Nugraha, Wahyu Ramdhani


This study aims to evaluate zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles as a learning media to enhance students' understanding of View of Nature of Science and Technology (VNOST). The method used in this study: (i) understanding how to synthesize ZnO nanoparticles using a liquid-phase synthesis; (ii) implementation of ZnO nanoparticles to students and analysis their comprehension using Transcript Based Lesson Analysis (TBLA) on the Learning Video Recording and Adaptation Learning Transcript VNOST questionnaire, which is linked to the implementation and pattern of knowledge construction; and (iii) descriptive qualitative analysis to analyze the understanding of VNOST for each Category (Naïve, Has Merit and Realist). To support this study, several analyses were done, such as a scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction to characterize ZnO nanoparticles’ morphology and crystal structure, respectively, prior to giving this material for further learning to students. Experimental results showed that the use of ZnO nanoparticles is effective to improve the student comprehension. The understanding in the principle of nucleation and growth can be explained well since the reaction of ZnO is relatively fast. Students became more serious in listening during the learning process and more curious to study science and technology. Based on a comparative analysis of the initial and final ability of VNOST, it is proved that there was a change in students' views related to science and technology.


Zinc oxide nanoparticles; View of nature of science and technology; Powder technology; Education; Learning

Full Text:



Abdullah, M., Virgus, Y., Nirmin, N., & Khairurrijal, K. (2009). Sintesis Nanomaterial. Jurnal Nanosains & Nanoteknologi, 1(2), 33-57. Al-Najar, H., & El Hamarneh, B. (2019). The Effect of Education Level on Accepting the Reuse of Treated Effluent in Irrigation. Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology, 4(1), 2838. Aneesh, P. M., Vanoja, K. M., & Jayaraj, K. (2007) Synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles by hydrothermal method. Nanophotonic Mater, 4(6639), 1–9. Arvaja, M. (2007). Contextual perspective in analysing collaborative knowledge construction of two small groups in web-based discussion. International Journal of ComputerSupported Collaborative Learning, 2(2-3), 133-158. Chamizo, J. A. (2013). Technochemistry: One of the chemists’ ways of knowing. Foundations of Chemistry, 15(2), 157-170. Fan, Z., & Lu, J. G. (2005). Zinc oxide nanostructures: synthesis and properties. Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 5(10), 1561-1573. Guedens, W. J., Reynders, M., Van den Rul, H., Elen, K., Hardy, A., & Van Bael, M. K. (2013). ZnO-based sunscreen: The perfect example to introduce nanoparticles in an undergraduate or high school chemistry lab. Journal of Chemical Education, 91(2), 259263. Haristiani, N., Aryanti, T., Nandiyanto, A. B. D., & Sofiani, D. (2017). Myths, Islamic View, and Science Concepts: The Constructed Education and Knowledge of Solar Eclipse in Indonesia. Journal of Turkish Science Education (TUSED), 14(4). Hudson, B. (2008). A didactical design perspective on teacher presence in an international online learning community. Tidskrift för lärarutbildning och forskning: Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 15(3-4), 93-112. Kanade, K. G., Kale, B. B., Aiyer, R. C., & Das, B. K. (2006). Effect of solvents on the synthesis

E.R.P. Priyanda, et al. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles for Enhancing Students’ View of the of nano-size zinc oxide and its properties. Materials Research Bulletin, 41(3), 590-600. Laherto, A. (2012). Nanoscience education for scientific literacy: Opportunities and challenges in secondary school and in out-of-school settings. Dissertation. Helsinki: University of Helsinki. Lederman, N. G., Lederman, J. S., & Antink, A. (2013). Nature of science and scientific inquiry as contexts for the learning of science and achievement of scientific literacy. International Journal of Education in Mathematics Science and Technology, 1(3), 138-147. Naito, M., Yokoyama, T., Hosokawa, K., & Nogi, K. (Eds.). (2018). Nanoparticle technology handbook. Elsevier. Nandiyanto, A. B. D., Asyahidda, F. N., Danuwijaya, A. A., Abdullah, A. G., Amelia, N., Hudha, M. N., & Aziz, M. (2018). Teaching “Nanotechnology” for elementary students with deaf and hard of hearing. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (JESTEC), 13(5), 13521363. Rajendra, R., Balakumar, C., Ahammed, H. M., Jayakumar, S., Vaideki, K., & Rajesh, E. (2010). Use of zinc oxide nano particles for production of antimicrobial textiles. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 2(1), 202-208. Rubba, P. A., & Harkness, W. J. (1996). A new scoring procedure for the Views on ScienceTechnology-Society instrument. International Journal of Science Education, 18(4), 387400. Saravanan, M., Dhivakar, S., & Jayanthi, S. S. (2012). An eco friendly and solvent free method for the synthesis of Zinc oxide nano particles using glycerol as organic dispersant. Materials Letters, 67(1), 128-130. Tairab, H. H. (2001). How do pre-service and in-service science teachers view the nature of science and technology?. Research in Science & Technological Education, 19(2), 235-250. Tala, S. (2009). Unified view of science and technology for education: Technoscience and technoscience education. Science & Education, 18(3-4), 275-298. Tala, S., & Vesterinen, V. M. (2015). Nature of science contextualized: Studying nature of science with scientists. Science & Education, 24(4), 435-457. Velmurugan, K., Venkatachalapathy, V. S. K., & Sendhilnathan, S. (2010). Synthesis of nickel zinc iron nanoparticles by coprecipitation technique. Materials Research, 13(3), 299-303. Wang, Z. L. (2004). Zinc oxide nanostructures: growth, properties and applications. Journal of physics: condensed matter, 16(25), R829. Wilke, T., & Waitz, T. (2014). ‘NANO’–An Attractive Dimension for School Chemistry Education. In Conference proceedings. New perspectives in science education, 82. Yahya, N. (2013). Carbon and oxide nanostructures. Springer-Verlag Berlin An.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ijost.v5i1.22806


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology is published by UPI.
StatCounter - Free Web Tracker and Counter
View My Stats