Effect of Water Regime and Soil Maintenance Mode on Vegetative Growth and Peach Tree Production

Meriame Laita, Belkheir Hammouti, Rachid Sabbahi, Zerhoune Messaoudi, Rachid Benkirane


The peach tree is a very water-demanding species that is affected by water stress, which is worsening due to global warming. The soil environment is also influenced by tillage and cropping methods, which affect the water content, temperature, aeration, and organic matter of the soil. Weed control is one of the most crucial cultural practices in arboriculture since weeds can compete with fruit trees for resources. This paper aims to measure the impact of water stress combined with different soil maintenance methods on vegetative growth and peach tree production. Different evapotranspiration conditions (ETc) were used. Two irrigation doses R1 (80% of ETc) and R2 (100% of ETc) were combined with three soil maintenance modes T1 (Sapping), T2 (Sickle tillage), and T3 (Chemical maintenance). The findings highlighted water stress reduces the growth and development of the peach tree but did not have a significant impact on yield when the irrigation dose was reduced by 20%. The sapping and sickle maintenance modes recorded the best results for most of the parameters, while the chemical maintenance mode had a positive effect on the total number of fruits and yield under the 100% of ETc water regime.


Evapotranspiration Fruit quality; Irrigation management; Peach; Soil maintenance; Water regime; Weed control

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ijost.v9i1.64032


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