Exploring Elementary Teachers', Students' Beliefs and Readiness toward STEAM Education

Dwi Kartini, Ari Widodo


21st century demands education to promote students with STEAM competencies. Most researches on STEAM are mainly focused on students’ learning outcomes on STEAM, but only few address non-cognitive aspects. It is necessary to examine elementary teachers and students’ beliefs and readiness towards STEAM learning. The purpose of this research is to explore teachers’ and students’ beliefs and readiness towards STEAM learning. The survey-designed method was used in this research. A total of 34 elementary school teachers and 36 elementary school students in the city of Bandung participated in this research. The samples were selected using a random sampling technique. Questionnaires were used to collect research data. The results obtained from this research show that students and teachers have positive perceptions in career and benefit of STEAM learning. Students are actually interested in STEAM learning, but the competencies and factors that support and stimulate STEAM learning in schools are still low. The teacher has low competencies to implement STEAM learning. This is due to the lack of knowledge and understanding of teachers about STEAM. This research is expected to contribute to the novelty of teachers’ readiness and beliefs in STEAM education in the city of Bandung


beliefs; elementary teacher; readiness; STEAM Learning

Full Text:



Blotnicky, K. A., Franz-odendaal, T., French, F., & Joy, P. (2018). A study of the correlation between STEM career knowledge , mathematics self- efficacy , career interests , and career activities on the likelihood of pursuing a STEM career among middle school students. International Journal of STEM Education, 5(22), 1–15.

Bush, S. B., & Cook, K. L. (2019). Structuring STEAM Inquiries: Lessons Learned from Practice. In M. S. Khine & S. Areepattamannil (Eds.), STEAM Education: Theory and Practice (pp. 19–20). Cham: Springer.

Care, E., & Griffin, P. (2015). Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills. (P. Griffin & E. Care, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9395-7

Care, E., Griffin, P., & Wilson, M. (2018). Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills. (E. Care, P. Griffin, & M. Wilson, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65368-6

Christensen, R., & Knezek, G. (2015). Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education. Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02573-5

Cook, K. L., & Bush, S. B. (2018). Design thinking in integrated STEAM learning : Surveying the landscape and exploring exemplars in elementary grades. School Science AndMathematics, (January), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/ssm.12268

Engelman, S., Magerko, B., McKlin, T., Miller, M., Edwards, D., & Freeman, J. (2017). Creativity in authentic STEAM education with Earsketch. In Proceedings of the Conference on Integrating Technology into Computer Science Education, ITiCSE (pp. 183–188). https://doi.org/10.1145/3017680.3017763

Erwin, H. E. (2017). Full STEAM Ahead in Physical Education. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 88(1), 3–4. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2016.1249759

Ge, X., Ifenthaler, D., & Spector, J. M. (2015). Moving Forward with STEAM Education. Educational Comuunications and Technologies, 383–395. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02573-5

Griffin, P., Care, E., & McGaw, B. (2012). Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills. (P. Griffin, B. McGaw, & E. Care, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2324-5

Haney, J. J., Lumpe, A. T., Czerniak, C. M., & Egan, V. (2002). From Beliefs to Actions : The Beliefs and Actions of Teachers Implementing Change. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 13(3), 171–187.

Harlen, W., & Holroyd, C. (2007). Primary teachers ’ understanding of concepts of science : impact on confidence and teaching. International Journal of Science Education, 19(1), 93–105. https://doi.org/10.1080/0950069970190107

Harris, A., & de Bruin, L. R. (2018). Secondary school creativity, teacher practice and STEAM education: An international study. Journal of Educational Change, 19(2), 153–179. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10833-017-9311-2

Herro, D., & Quigley, C. (2017). Exploring teachers’ perceptions of STEAM teaching through professional development: implications for teacher educators. Professional Development in Education, 43(3), 416–438. https://doi.org/10.1080/19415257.2016.1205507

Herro, D., Quigley, C., Herro, D., & Quigley, C. (2016). Innovating with STEAM in middle school classrooms : remixing education. On the Horizon. https://doi.org/10.1108/OTH-03-2016-0008

Herro, D., Quigley, C., & Jacques, L. A. (2018). Examining technology integration in middle school STEAM units. Technology, Pedagogy and Education, 27(4), 485–498. https://doi.org/10.1080/1475939X.2018.1514322

Jamil, F. M., Linder, S. M., & Stegelin, D. A. (2018). Early Childhood Teacher Beliefs About STEAM Education After a Professional Development Conference. Early Childhood Education Journal, 46(4), 409–417. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10643-017-0875-5

Jho, H., Hong, O., & Song, J. (2016). An analysis of STEM/STEAM teacher education in Korea with a case study of two schools from a community of practice perspective. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 12(7), 1843–1862. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2016.1538a

Kennedy, J., Lee, E., & Fontecchio, A. (2016). STEAM approach by integrating the arts and STEM through origami in K-12. In Proceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference, FIE (Vol. 2016-Novem, pp. 2–6). https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE.2016.7757415

Kim, B. H., & Kim, J. (2016). Development and validation of evaluation indicators for teaching competency in STEAM education in Korea. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 12(7), 1909–1924. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2016.1537a

Li, W., Li, G., Mo, W., & Li, J. (2018). The Influence of STEAM Education on the Improvment of Studentsr Creative Thinking. In Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, (Vol. 232, pp. 924–927). https://doi.org/10.2991/icadce-18.2018.200

Liliawati, W., Rusnayati, H., Purwanto, & Aristantia, G. (2017). Implementation of STEAM Education to Improve Mastery Concept. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 288(012148). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/288/1/012148

Lindeman, K. W., Jabot, M., & Berkley, M. T. (2013). Learning Across the Early Childhood Curriculum. In Advances in Early Education and Day Care (Vol. 17, p. iii). https://doi.org/10.1108/s0270-4021(2013)0000017018

Liu, H., Ludu, M., & Holton, D. (2015). Can K-12 Math Teachers Train Students to Make Valid Logical Reasoning ? A Question Affecting 21st Century Skills. In Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education, (pp. 331–353). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02573-5

Quigley, C. F., & Herro, D. (2016). ‘“ Finding the Joy in the Unknown ”’: Implementation of STEAM Teaching Practices in Middle School Science and Math Classrooms. Journal of Science Education and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-016-9602-z

Reinhold, S., Holzberger, D., & Seidel, T. (2018). Encouraging a career in science : a research review of secondary schools ’ effects on students ’ STEM orientation secondary schools ’ effects on students ’ STEM orientation. Studies in Science Education, 7267, 1–35. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057267.2018.1442900

Saptarani, D., Widodo, A., & Purwianingsih, W. (2019). Biology teachers and high school students perceptions about STEM learning. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1157(4), 0–6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1157/4/042007

Serdyukov, P. (2017). Innovation in education : what works , what doesn ’ t , and what to do about it ? Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching & Learning, 10(1), 4–33. https://doi.org/10.1108/JRIT-10-2016-0007

Shidiq, A.S., & Yamtinah, S. (2019). Pre-service chemistry teachers’ attitudes and attributes toward the twenty-first century skills. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1157). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1157/4/042014

Shidiq, Ari Syahidul, & Yamtinah, S. (2019). Pre-service chemistry teachers ’ attitudes and attributes toward the twenty-first century skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1157(042014), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1157/4/042014

Shin, S., Rachmatullah, A., & Roshayanti, F. (2018). Career motivation of secondary students in STEM : a cross-cultural study between Korea and Indonesia. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 18(2), 203–231. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-017-9355-0

So, H. J., Ryoo, D., Park, H., & Choi, H. (2019). What Constitutes Korean Pre-service Teachers’ Competency in STEAM Education: Examining the Multi-functional Structure. Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 28(1), 47–61. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-018-0410-5

Thompson, C. J., Barber, K., & Bourget, E. M. (2018). Steam (Science , Technology, Engineering, Art, And Mathematics) Education And Teachers’ Pedagogical Discontentment Levels. PEOPLE: International Journal of Social Sciences, 4(3), 496–518. https://doi.org/10.20319/pijss.2018.43.496518

Ucar, S. (2012). How Do Pre-Service Science Teachers ’ Views on Science , Scientists , and Science Teaching Change Over Time in a Science Teacher Training Program ? Journal of Science Education and Technology, 21, 255–266. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-011-9311-6

Urbani, J. J. M., Truesdell, E., Urbani, J. J. M., Roshandel, S., Michaels, R., Truesdell, E., … Truesdell, E. (2017). Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills. Educacion Quimica, 1(1), 1709–1716. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2009.01.303

Watson, A. D., & Watson, G. H. (2013). Transitioning STEM to STEAM : Reformation of Engineering Education. The Journal For Quality & Participation, 1–4.

Yoon, M. B., & Baek, J. E. (2018). Development and application of the STEAM education program based on the soccer robot for elementary students. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning, 10(3), 11–22. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJMBL.2018070102

DOI: https://doi.org/10.53400/mimbar-sd.v7i1.22453


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Mimbar Sekolah Dasar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Mimbar Sekolah Dasar Stats