The Effect of Educative Games on the Physical Fitness of Kindergarten Children

Asep Deni Gustiana, Ryan Dwi Puspita


The purpose of this research was to test the effect of educative games on children' physical fitness in Kindergarten.  This research was conducted based on the empirical findings that show that the number of children in Kindergarten experienced excessive fatigue after doing activities. Besides the children body mass index, many indicators are included in the category of obesity. The one that causes the phenomenon is the low physical fitness of the children. The problem demands a learning approach or method to handle it without causing excessive fatigue on children. This research was conducted by using the quasi experimental method. The subjects in this study were 30 Kindergarten children in Sukasari Sub-district, Bandung. The results showed p < 0.05 which means that there was a significant difference in physical fitness between the control class and the experimental class in post-test with an average score 3.26 for control group, and 6.67 for the experimental group. The results of validation and empirical data showed that learning educational game model gives a significant influence on the physical fitness of Kindergarten children. The learning process was also more enjoyable and engaging. Thus, learning with educative game methods can be considered as an alternative for learning to improve the children physical fitness. This research recommendation is addressed to Kindergarten teachers, Kindergarten school principals, and further researchers.


Educative Games, Kindergarten Children, Physical Fitness

Full Text:



Bluman, A. G. (2012). Elementary Statistics (S. K. Mattson (ed.); 8th ed.). McGraw-Hil.

Cadenas-Sanchez, C., Intemann, T., Labayen, I., Peinado, A. B., Vidal-Conti, J., Sanchis-Moysi, J., Moliner-Urdiales, D., Rodriguez Perez, M. A., Cañete Garcia-Prieto, J., Fernández-Santos, J. del R., Martinez-Tellez, B., Vicente-Rodríguez, G., Löf, M., Ruiz, J. R., & Ortega, F. B. (2019). Physical fitness reference standards for preschool children: The PREFIT project. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 22(4), 430–437.

Cadenas-Sanchez, C., Martinez-Tellez, B., Sanchez-Delgado, G., Mora-Gonzalez, J., Castro-Piñero, J., Löf, M., Ruiz, J. R., & Ortega, F. B. (2016). Assessing physical fitness in preschool children: Feasibility, reliability and practical recommendations for the PREFIT battery. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(11), 910–915.

Cattuzzo, M. T., dos Santos Henrique, R., Ré, A. H. N., de Oliveira, I. S., Melo, B. M., de Sousa Moura, M., de Araújo, R. C., & Stodden, D. (2016). Motor competence and health related physical fitness in youth: A systematic review. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(2), 123–129.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2018). Research Methods in Education No Title (8th ed.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Cooper, C. R., Grotevant, H. D., & Condon, S. M. (1983). Individuality and connectedness in the family as a context for adolescent identity formation and role-taking skill. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 1983(22), 43–59.

Den Duyn, N. (1997). Coaching Children: Game Sense-It’s Time to Play! Sports Coach, 19, 9–11.

Gustiana, A. D. (2014). Pengaruh permainan modifikasi terhadap kemampuan motorik kasar dan kognitif anak usia dini (studi kuasi eksperimen pada kelompok b tk kartika dan tk lab. upi). Pedagogik-Pendas, 453.

Hurlock, E. B. (1999). Perkembangan anak jilid II. Penerbit Erlangga: Jakarta.

Ignico, A. (1994). Early Childhood Physical Education: Providing the Foundation. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 65(6), 28–30.

Kirk, D. (2009). Physical education futures. Routledge.

Lang, J. J., Belanger, K., Poitras, V., Janssen, I., Tomkinson, G. R., & Tremblay, M. S. (2018). Systematic review of the relationship between 20 m shuttle run performance and health indicators among children and youth. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21(4), 383–397.

Martinez-Tellez, B., Sanchez-Delgado, G., Cadenas-Sanchez, C., Mora-Gonzalez, J., Mart’in-Matillas, M., Löf, M., Ortega, F. B., & Ruiz, J. R. (2016). Health-related physical fitness is associated with total and central body fat in preschool children aged 3 to 5 years. Pediatric Obesity, 11(6), 468–474.

Metzler, M. W. (2011). Instructional models for physical education. Scottsdale. Arizona: Holcomb Hathaway.

Musthafa, B. (2008). Dari literasi dini ke literasi teknologi. Diterbitkan atas kerjasama Yayasan CREST, Center for Research on Education~�.

Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Castillo, M. J., & Sjöström, M. (2008). Physical fitness in childhood and adolescence: a powerful marker of health. International Journal of Obesity, 32(1), 1–11.

Ortega, F. B., Silventoinen, K., Tynelius, P., & Rasmussen, F. (2012). Muscular strength in male adolescents and premature death: cohort study of one million participants. Bmj, 345, e7279.

Rink, J. (2010). TGfU: Celebrations and cautions. Teaching Games for Understanding: Moving Globally, 33–48.

Rivilis, I., Hay, J., Cairney, J., Klentrou, P., Liu, J., & Faught, B. E. (2011). Physical activity and fitness in children with developmental coordination disorder: a systematic review. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32(3), 894–910.

Ruiz, J. R., Castro-Piñero, J., Artero, E. G., Ortega, F. B., Sjöström, M., Suni, J., & Castillo, M. J. (2009). Predictive validity of health-related fitness in youth: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43(12), 909–923.

Sigmundsson, H., & Haga, M. (2016). Motor competence is associated with physical fitness in four- to six-year-old preschool children. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 24(3), 477–488.

Simon, D. (2006). Optimal state estimation: Kalman, H infinity, and nonlinear approaches. John Wiley & Sons.

Starc, G., & Strel, J. (2012). Influence of the quality implementation of a physical education curriculum on the physical development and physical fitness of children. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 61.

Stolz, S., & Pill, S. (2014). Teaching games and sport for understanding: Exploring and reconsidering its relevance in physical education. European Physical Education Review, 20(1), 36–71.

Tomporowski, P. D., Lambourne, K., & Okumura, M. S. (2011). Physical activity interventions and children’s mental function: An introduction and overview. Preventive Medicine, 52(SUPPL.), S3–S9.

Zhou, Z., Ren, H., Yin, Z., Wang, L., & Wang, K. (2014). A policy-driven multifaceted approach for early childhood physical fitness promotion: Impacts on body composition and physical fitness in young Chinese children. BMC Pediatrics, 14(1), 1–13.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Asep Deni Gustiana, Ryan Dwi Puspita

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats