Evaluation of Science curriculum: A literature study

Amsal Alhayat, Zainal Arifin

Abstract


The goals and roles of education are reflected in the implementation outlined through a series of curriculum plans. Science as a learning program also has a curriculum that serves as a reference for its performance in the classroom. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the science curriculum to determine the achievement of the established goals, considering various aspects within it. Hence, this research aims to describe the factors that need to be considered in evaluating the science curriculum as a learning program. The research method used is Systematic Literature Review (SLR), which involves the initial stage of identifying the keywords "Evaluation of Science Curriculum" and synthesizing the results of the analysis to arrive at a general conclusion. The research findings indicate that evaluating the science curriculum needs to consider several important factors, including assessing the learning objectives, alignment with standards, relevance to students' lives, instructional effectiveness, availability of resources, stakeholder involvement, and curriculum renewal and development. However, empirical evidence is still needed to support the complexity of this research. A suggestion is to conduct similar research using the Delphi method to obtain better parameters and standards for evaluating the science curriculum by incorporating expert perspectives.

 

Abstrak

Tujuan dan peran pendidikan tercermin dalam pelaksanaan yang dituangkan melalui serangkaian rencana kurikulum pembelajaran. IPA sebagai program pembelajaran juga memiliki kurikulum yang menjadi acuan dalam penyelenggaraannya di kelas. Seyogyanya kurikulum IPA tersebut perlu dilakukan evaluasi guna mengetahui ketercapaian dari tujuan yang telah ditetapkan dengan memperhatikan berbagai aspek yang ada di dalamnya. Oleh karena itu, tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan dalam mengevaluasi kurikulum IPA sebagai program pembelajaran. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu Sistematika Literatur Review (SLR) dengan tahapan yang diawali dengan identifikasi kata kunci “Evaluasi Kurikulum IPA” hingga sintesis hasil analisis untuk mendapati kesimpulan secara general. Hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa dalam melakukan evaluasi kurikulum IPA perlu mempertimbangkan beberapa hal penting, yakni bahwa evaluasi tersebut melibatkan penilaian terhadap tujuan pembelajaran, kesesuaian dengan standar, relevansi dengan kehidupan siswa, efektivitas pembelajaran, ketersediaan sumber daya, keterlibatan stakeholder, dan pembaruan dan pengembangan kurikulum. Namun, masih dibutuhkan hasil empiris untuk mendukung kekompleksitasan penelitian ini, seperti dibutuhkan penelitian senada dengan metode delphi, hal ini dimaksudkan agar dapat memperoleh parameter dan standar evaluasi kurikulum IPA yang lebih baik dengan mempertimbangkan pandangan ahli.

Kata Kunci: Evaluasi kurikulum; Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA); kurikulum Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA)


Keywords


Curriculum evaluation; Science; Science curriculum

References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/jik.v20i2.58887

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Copyright (c) 2023 Amsal Alhayat, Zainal Arifin

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