Developing Comic Media for Reading Comprehension Ability of Historical Texts in Elementary School Students

Liza Murniviyanti, Arita Marini

Abstract


Students' reading comprehension skills were still low since the existing media only relied on teaching materials in schools such as books and worksheets. Thus, it has not been able to make effective learning. This research and development aimed to produce comics learning media for historical text narrative to read and understand Indonesian language learning for fifth-graders of elementary school. Comics are information presented through conversation by pictures, arranged conceptually and interestingly to make it easier to understand the information. This comic was developed to be used in learning and improving reading comprehension skills. This research and development used ADDIE development procedures including (1) Analyze, (2) Design, (3) Development, (4) Implementation, and (5) Evaluation. The subjects of the one-to-one trial were three students, the small group trial subjects were six students, and the implementation subjects were 15 students. The results showed that the comic media was feasible with an average percentage of 81.7% from the experts in the appropriate category. The average student responses indicated that students were happy to read comics as a learning medium in the learning process with a percentage of 95%. Based on the pretest and the posttest results, the developed comic media had increased the learning outcomes of fifth-graders at the Elementary School of 22 Palembang by 0.42 with a moderate improvement category according to the N-Gain scale. Thus, it can conclude that the development of historical text narrative comic media was appropriate for the reading comprehension ability of fifth-graders of the Elementary School of 22 Palembang. 


Keywords


Comic Media; Reading Comprehension Ability; Historical Text Narrative

Full Text:

PDF

References


Budiarti, W. N., & Haryanto, H. (2016). Pengembangan media komik untuk meningkatkan motivasi belajar dan keterampilan membaca pemahaman siswa kelas IV. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 4(2), 233-242. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpe.v4i2.6295.

Danaswari, R. W., Kartimi, K., & Roviati, E. (2013). Pengembangan bahan ajar dalam bentuk media komik untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas X SMAN 9 Cirebon pada pokok bahasan ekosistem. Scientiae Educatia: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, 2(2), 93-110. http://dx.doi.org/10.24235/sc.educatia.v2i2.477

Daryanto. (2010). Media Pembelajaran. Bandung: Alfabeta

Gumelar, M. S. (2012). Comic Making: Cara Membuat Komik. Jakarta: PT Indeks.

Hamzah, A. (2020) Metode Penelitian & Pengembangan Research & Development. Malang: Literasi Nusantara

Herlinyanto, H. (2019). Membaca Pemahaman dengan Strategi KWL (Pemahaman dan Minat Membaca). Yogyakarta : Deepublish

Kustandi, C., & Darmawan, D. (2020). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Kencana

Lahagu, Y., Pangaribuan, J. J., & Prayuda, M. S. (2020). Improving students’ reading comprehension on narrative texts through Experience Text Relationship (ETR) method at SMA Swasta Palapa Medan in the academic year of 2020/2021. Kairos ELT Journal, 4(2), 66-79. http://ejournal.ust.ac.id/index.php/KAIROS/article/view/1137.

Maulidah, N., & Wulandari, F. (2021). Literature study: Improving understanding of science concepts using science comics for elementary school students. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA (JPPA), 7(1), 80-86. https://doi.org/10.29303/jppipa.v7i1.509

Muhafidin, M. (2016). Pembelajaran membaca pemahaman pada siswa kelas V SD Negeri Cidempet Kecamatan Arahan Kabupaten Indramayu. Profesi Pendidikan Dasar, 3(1), 66-70. https://journals.ums.ac.id/index.php/ppd/article/view/2030

Nugraheni, N. (2017). Penerapan media komik pada pembelajaran metematika di sekolah dasar. Refleksi Edukatika: Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 7(2), 111-117. https://jurnal.umk.ac.id/index.php/RE

Sa’adah, N. R., & Wahyu, W. (2020) Metode Penelitian R&D (Research and Development) Kajian Teoritis dan Aplikatif. Malang: Literasi Nusantara

Saputro, H. B., & Soeharto, S. (2015). Pengembangan media komik berbasis pendidikan karakter pada pembelajaran tematik-integratif kelas IV SD. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 3(1), 61-72. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpe.v3i1.4065

Somadayo, S. (2011). Strategi dan Teknik pembelajaran Membaca. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Sudjana, N., & Rivai, A. (2013). Media Pembelajaran (Penggunaan dan Pembuatannya). Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo Offset.

Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suryani, N. Setiawan, A., & Putria, A. (2018). Media Pembelajaran Inovatif dan Pengembangnya. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

Tarigan, G., H. (2008) Membaca Sebagai Suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa. Bandung: Angkasa.

Untari, M. F. A., & Saputra, A. A. (2016). Keefektifan media komik terhadap kemampuan membaca pemahaman pada siswa kelas IV SD. Mimbar Sekolah Dasar, 3(1), 29-39. https://doi.org/10.53400/mimbar-sd.v3i1.2354

Waluyanto, H. D. (2005). Komik sebagai media komunikasi visual pembelajaran. Nirmana, 7(1), 45-55. Retrieved from http://203.189.120.189/ejournal/index.php/dkv/article/viewFile/16441/16433




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17509/ebj.v3i2.39485

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by