M. Maman Sumaludin


This study aims to analyze national identity in history textbook at the level of senior high school. History textbooks contain material that influenced by ideology which closely related to national identity. The ideology is shown as a manifestation of the nation through history textbooks. The method used to find out the discourse of national identity in textbooks using Fairclough critical discourse analysis to analyze the contents and discourses of national identity in history textbooks. The results showed that the influence of the government is very strong on sample of history textbook. The influence is seen from the planting of the state ideology as a form of government obligation in an effort to shape the character and personality of the nation. In addition, it is done to strengthen national identity through education.


national identity; history textbook.


Mulyana, A. dan Darmiasti. (2009). Hitoriografi Di Indonesia: Dari Mag-is-Religius hingga Strukturalis. Ban-dung: Refika Aditama.

Sitepu, B.P. (2012). Penulisan Buku Teks Pelajaran. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Heychael, M. (2012). Identitas Na-sional Dalam Buku Sejarah Untuk Sekolah Menengah.

Barker, C. (2000). Cultural Study: Theory and Practice. London-Thousand Oaks-New Delhi: Sage Publication.

Rowell, Thomas E. Fuller, Ong, An-thony D., and Phinney, Jean S. (2013). National Identity and Per-ceived Discrimination Predict Changes in Ethnic Identity Commit-ment: Evidence from a Longitudinal Study of Latino College Students. Applied Psychology, Volume 62, Is-sue 3 July 2013.

Charnysh, Volha, Lucas, Christo-pher, and Singh, Prerna. (2015). The Ties That Bind: National Identity Salience and Pro-Social Behavior Toward the Ethnic Other. Compara-tive Political Studies 2015, Vol. 48(3).

Shahin, Mahdi. (2016). The Histori-cal Review on the Process of Nation-al Identity Formation. Mediterrane-an Journal of Social Sciences, Vol 7 No 1 S1 January 2016.

Kuzio, Taras. (2006). National Iden-tity and History Writing in Ukraine. Nationalities Papers, Vol. 34, No. 4, September 2006.

Bell, Duncan S. A. (2003). Mythscapes: Memory, Mythology, and National Identity. British Jour-nal of Sociology Vol. No. 54 Issue No. 1 (March 2003).

Sjamsuddin, H. (2000). Penulisan Buku Teks Sejarah: Kriteria dan Permasalahannya. Historia Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI, 1(1).

Hasan, S. H. (2000). Kurikulum dan Buku Teks Sejarah. Historia Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah FPIPS UPI, 1 (1).

Eriyanto. (2006). Analisis Wacana Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. Yog-yakarta: LKIS.

Lubis, Mochtar. (1992). Budaya, Masyarakat, dan Manusia Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Sadirman A.M. dan Lestringsih, A.D (Kontributor). (2014). Sejarah Indonesia Untuk SMA/MA SMK/MAK Kelas X1 Semester 1. Jakarta: Ke-mendikbud.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Muhammad Maman Sumaludin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.